Doctor in Manipal Hospitals
Treatment of Sweating
Sleeve Gastrectomy Treatment
Treatment of Breast Cancer
Treatment of GERD
Treatment of Gallstones
Weight Management Treatment
Treatment of Appendicitis
Corn Removal Procedure
Treatment of Sweaty Palms
Treatment of Colon Cancer
Management of Obesity and related Disorders
Weight Loss Treatment
Dressings Of Wounds Procedure
Varicose Vein Laser Treatment
Hernia Repair Surgery
Stitching Of Wounds Procedure
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Corns and calluses are areas of stumpy skin caused by friction or pressure. They usually hurt when you wear shoes or walk.
Calluses generally develop on your feet or hands, and most of the time, don’t require treatment.
Corns have a hard or soft inner core. Soft corns are mostly found between the toes, while hard corns form on the top of the toes. Corns that are caused by ill-fitting shoes often reduce on wearing the right shoes.
Repeated friction or pressure causes corns and calluses on areas of skin. The pressure leads to the death of the skin, which develops a protective, hard surface. Soft corns develop in a similar fashion. Corns and calluses are not formed due to viruses and are not harmful. They can be formed due to:
Regular usage of any object that puts strain on the hands, such as sports equipment (badminton racquet) or tools (hammer or gardening hoe), usually leads to calluses on the hands.
Pressure from wearing the wrong footwear usually leads to corns and calluses on the feet. Calluses can also form by walking barefoot.
Abnormal structures on the foot, such as hammertoe or bone spurs, can cause calluses and corns.
Repeated pressure from playing certain sports can also cause calluses on the feet.
Corns and calluses on the feet are easy to spot. A callus is thick, hard and dry, and may appear yellowish or grey in colour. When touched, it will feel bumpy and more insensitive than the skin around it. A hard corn is thick and firm, while soft corns look like an exposed sore. The hard corn may have a grey centre with a light yellow ring around it.
Corns and calluses don’t hurt, but it does become painful when you are wearing shoes or walking. Fitting your feet into shoes gets more difficult due to them. Touching or squeezing the corn or callus can also be painful.
Corns and calluses don’t require treatment normally, but if they hurt, here’s what you can do:
Wearing well-fitting shoes that are roomy with deep and wide toe boxes (the area covering the toe).
Protective paddings, such as moleskin, toe separator, toe sleeves, etc., can alleviate pain.
Soaking the corn or callus in hot water, and then gently wear down the dead skin by using a pumice stone.
- Salicylic acid can be used to soften the corn or callus.
Melasma is a common skin problem where the skin becomes patchy brown, tan, or there is blue grey facial skin discoloration. It is also known as chloasma or mask of pregnancy. It occurs in women during the reproductive years and occurs rarely in men. It is primarily related to external sun exposure, external hormones like birth control pills and internal hormonal changes seen during pregnancy. Women with Melasma have a history of daily or intermittent sun exposure.
- Symptoms of Melasma: Melasma causes patches of discoloration, which are darker than typical skin colour. It occurs symmetrically with matching marks on both sides of face. It normally appears on the upper cheeks, upper lip, forehead and chin. It can also occur on the other areas of one's body which are often exposed to sun. Skin discoloration is not physically harmful, but it can affect the self-confidence of a person. Darker skinned individuals are more at risk as compared to fair skinned individuals. Melasma is associated with oestrogen and progesterone sensitivity, thus it can be triggered by birth control pills, pregnancy and hormone therapy. In few cases, stress and thyroid disease can also cause Melasma. Women taking hormone replacement therapy during menopause are also at high risk of getting Melasma
- Diagnosis of Melasma: A visual exam of the affected area is sufficient to diagnose Melasma. The doctor will perform the wood's lamp examination that uses ultraviolet (UV) light to look at the skin closely. However, the doctor may perform a biopsy to check for any serious skin conditions.
- Treatment of Melasma: When Melasma is caused by pregnancy or birth control pills, it disappears on its own. One can use creams containing hydroquinone or prescribed topical steroids, which can lighten the tone of the affected areas. Other options include chemical peels, dermabrasion and microdermabrasion which will remove the upper layers of skin and help lighten dark patches. In cases of severe Melasma, doctor may suggest laser treatments to remove the dark pigment.
It is quite possible that Melasma will clear up with treatment, there are things one must do to not to aggravate the condition and minimize appearance of the discoloration. These include usage of makeup to cover areas of discoloration, wearing sunscreen daily or wearing a hat with wide brim to provide shade to the face. The patients with Melasma are known to be at a lesser risk for Melanoma. Even if Melasma disappears, it can strike back especially if preventive measures regarding exposure to sun are not followed. Resolution with strict sun avoidance and topical bleaching creams can take sufficient time and patients should expect slow, but gradual lightening.
Dear doctor, 13 year old girl hight 5.4 feet weight 70 kg. Normal menstrual cycle has facing some skin problems like her complexion getting dull day by day and she has vey black skin around the neck, armpits, inner thighs and on elbows. She is not taking any kind of medicines. I just want to know the reasons behind this black dull skin and can it be cured it self by the time and after loosing some weight. Pls guide in details. Thanks in advance.
Please suggest me a home remedy or a medicine which I can take for having bumps like a mosquito bites, which appear daily and disappear, causing a lot of itching, appearing on my back, hand, legs, stomach. Please reply soon as it is my exams time I cannot go to a doctor. On internet I saw an allergy hive, it is similar to that please help.
Please suggest. Can I take my regular dose of-. Once in a day 40 mg Telma H 40 and 10 mg Roseday along with my latest skin treatment dose of once in day prednisolone 10 mg Allegra180 mg, cetrizine 10 mg, ranitidine 150 mg and multivitamin zevit.
I have a dark area around my mouth region and around eye this makes my face looking dull what is the solution for this?
My urine is getting yellow from one week. Face and lips are dry. There is a decrease in sleep too. Stretching in the foot muscles.
How to do Self-Breast Examination?
The best time to do your Breast self-examination is while having a shower. Soap your hands and body, then use the flat of your fingers and move them over the breasts step by step as indicated below:-
Step 1: Look at your breasts in the mirror with your shoulders straight and your arms on your hips. Observe the size, shape and colour of the breasts. Look for any deviation from normal – any visible distortion or swelling should be immediately brought to the doctor’s attention. Also, look for the following changes:-
- Dimpling or small depression on the breast
- Change in nipple position or inversion of nipple (nipple being inward instead of sticking out)
- Redness, soreness, rash, or swelling
Step 2: Raise your arms and look for the same changes. Sometimes, the changes in size and shape are more evident in this position.
Step 3: Look for any signs of fluid coming out of one or both nipples (this could be a watery, milky, a yellow or bloody discharge). Gently squeeze the nipples to check for discharge and observe the colour of the discharge.
Step 4: Lie down and feel your breasts using your right hand to feel your left breast and then your left hand to feel your right breast.
- Use a firm, smooth touch with the finger pads of your hand (ring finger, middle finger and index finger), keeping the fingers flat and together.
- Use circular motion (each motion measuring about the size of a coin) to palpate* the breasts.
- Cover the entire breast from top to bottom, side to side – from your collarbone to the top of your abdomen, and from your armpit to your cleavage.
- Follow a pattern (either horizontal – side to side or vertical – up and down) to be sure that you cover the whole breast.
- Squeeze the nipples and observe if there is any discharge.
Step 5: Repeat step 4 in standing and sitting position.
Important Things To Know About Prostatitis
Prostatitis is the inflammation of the prostate gland and it affects a lot of men. It accounts for in excess of 2 million clinic and hospital visits every year in the US alone, but only 10 percent of cases are due to bacterial infection and respond to regular antibiotic therapy. However, the causative factors, disease process, and optimum treatment for the remaining 90 percent of prostatitis cases, remain unclear. It has only recently begun to be studied more carefully.
What causes prostatitis?
As mentioned earlier, a small percentage of prostatitis cases are caused by bacteria. Guys who are afflicted by chronic prostatitis typically experience pain even when there is no evidence of inflammation. In many cases of prostatitis, the causative factor is never determined, but experts think that it is because muscles around the pelvic and bladder areas don't perform optimally. Some experts are also of the opinion that chronic prostatitis can be caused by an injury to the prostate or surrounding areas or a disorder of the nervous and immune system.
Who has increased risk for prostatitis?
Prostatitis could affect men from different age groups. An estimated 50 % of all males experience prostatitis-like symptoms at some point in their lives. Prostatitis can be triggered by bladder or urethral infection or a pelvic trauma, just like an injury from cycling or equestrian sports. You could also have a higher risk of suffering from prostatitis if you are not taking in enough fluids or if you are having unprotected intercourse. Long term use of a urinary catheter might also elevate one's risk of having this problem. Stress is also believed to contribute to elevated prostatitis risk as are certain inherited qualities.
What are the complications?
Two of the most significant complications of bacterial prostatitis are abnormalities in semen and infertility. Also, although there is no direct evidence that prostatitis can bring about cancer, it can increase PSA levels. In addition, it may result in chronic pelvic pain syndrome.
What are the treatment options for prostatitis?
For the most part, the treatment will depend on cause. An antibiotic is utilized to treat prostatitis caused by an infection. Pain drugs could also be used and for severe cases, surgical removal of infected portions of the prostate may be recommended. Non-bacterial prostatitis is treated with the use of a multidisciplinary approach which incorporates exercise, progressive relaxation and counseling.