Lybrate Mini logo
Lybrate for
Android icon App store icon
Ask FREE Question Ask FREE Question to Health Experts
Common Specialities
{{speciality.keyWord}}
Common Issues
{{issue.keyWord}}
Common Treatments
{{treatment.keyWord}}
Book
Call
Fortis Escorts Heart Institute, New Delhi

Fortis Escorts Heart Institute

Cardiologist Clinic

Okhla Road, Opp Holy Family Hospital, Okhla New Delhi
1 Doctor · ₹1000 · 3 Reviews
Book Appointment
Call Clinic
Fortis Escorts Heart Institute Cardiologist Clinic Okhla Road, Opp Holy Family Hospital, Okhla New Delhi
1 Doctor · ₹1000 · 3 Reviews
Book Appointment
Call Clinic
Report Issue
Get Help
Feed
Services
Reviews

About

Our medical care facility offers treatments from the best doctors in the field of Intervention Cardiologist.We like to think that we are an extraordinary practice that is all about you - ......more
Our medical care facility offers treatments from the best doctors in the field of Intervention Cardiologist.We like to think that we are an extraordinary practice that is all about you - your potential, your comfort, your health, and your individuality. You are important to us and we strive to help you in every and any way that we can.
More about Fortis Escorts Heart Institute
Fortis Escorts Heart Institute is known for housing experienced Cardiologists. Dr. Nishith Chandra, a well-reputed Cardiologist, practices in New Delhi. Visit this medical health centre for Cardiologists recommended by 51 patients.

Timings

MON-SAT
09:00 AM - 05:00 PM

Location

Okhla Road, Opp Holy Family Hospital, Okhla
Holy Family Hospital New Delhi, Delhi - 110025
Get Directions

Photos (1)

Fortis Escorts Heart Institute Image 1

Videos (2)

Ways to reduce the risk of Heart Attack
How to Prevent Heart Attack?
Here are some post heart attack tips
Exercising Post Heart Attack

Doctor

Dr. Nishith Chandra

DM Cardiology
Cardiologist
91%  (375 ratings)
23 Years experience
1000 at clinic
₹300 online
View All
View All

Services

View All Services

Patient Review Highlights

"Well-reasoned" 2 reviews "Practical" 1 review "knowledgeable" 6 reviews "Caring" 1 review "Very helpful" 9 reviews

Reviews

Dec 12, 2016

I found the answers provided by the Dr. Nishith Chandra to be very helpful. Thanks for answering

Nov 19, 2016

I found the answers provided by the Dr. Nishith Chandra to be knowledgeable. Good

Sep 22, 2016

I found the answers provided by the Dr. Nishith Chandra to be very helpful. very helpful

View All Reviews

Feed

How to Prevent Heart Attack?

DM Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
Play video

Ways to reduce the risk of Heart Attack

3415 people found this helpful

Cardiomyopathy - Types, Causes and Treatment

DM Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
Cardiomyopathy - Types, Causes and Treatment

Our heart is basically a muscle. So when this muscle weakens the heart is unable to do its function i.e., to pump blood throughout our body and keep us alive.

The heart muscle gets progressively weak due to a disease called cardiomyopathy.

There are different types of cardiomyopathy caused by different causes. Untreated cardiomyopathy can lead to heart failure or early death. Treatment can’t cure the condition but can give you extra healthy years of life and prevent serious complications.

Cardiomyopathy has 4 main types, they are:

  1. Dilated Cardiomyopathy: This is the most common form and its principal cause is that your heart muscle becomes too weak to pump blood. The heart muscles stretch and become thinner in this case leading to the four chambers of the heart to expand causing a pathology called an enlarged heart.

  2. Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: This happens due to genetics. It occurs when the walls of your heart thicken and prevent the flow of blood through this natural pump.

  3. Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Dysplasia: This is a rare form of cardiomyopathy. It causes sudden deaths of athletes and is caused when fat and fibrous tissues replace muscle in the right ventricle of the heart.

  4. Restrictive Cardiomyopathy: This is the least common form of the disease. The cause is the stiffening of the ventricles, the part of the blood which receives blood. When these stiffen, the heart doesn’t get enough blood to oxygenate. Scarring of the heart due to heart disease and a heart transplant operation can be a cause of this stiffening.

  5. Ischemic Cardiomyopathy: Ischemic cardiomyopathy is caused due to coronary artery disease which causes blood vessels supplying blood to the heart to become narrow. The heart doesn’t get enough oxygen and a person can die due to a heart attack.

  6. Other types of cardiomyopathy are grouped into this category and can include:

    • Left ventricular noncompaction happens when the left ventricle has trabeculations, projections of muscle inside the ventricle.

    • Peripartum cardiomyopathy, another form of the disease can occur during or after pregnancy. This is a form of dilated cardiomyopathy and can be fatal. There’s no documented cause.

    • Alcoholic cardiomyopathy is caused due to alcoholism causing an enlargement of the heart.

    • Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, or broken heart syndrome, happens when extreme stress leads to heart muscle failure. Though rare, this condition is more common in post-menopausal women.

Treatment

Doctors will decide the treatment after finding out the extent of damage due to cardiomyopathy.

Few people will not require treatment till symptoms like chest pain, dizziness, shortness of breath and edema appear.

Others whose life is affected due to symptoms are treated with lifestyle changes and medicines. The bad news is that cardiomyopathy can’t be cured but can only be managed and controlled by doing the following:

  1. Heart-healthy lifestyle changes are key. You will be advised to maintain a healthy weight, eat a modified diet, get enough sleep, manage stress, and quit smoking.

  2. Exercise is also crucial to keep the heart healthy and maintain a healthy weight through regular bouts of low-intensity exercise.

  3. Medications for high blood pressure will be prescribed to prevent water retention, keep the heart beating normally, prevent blood clots and reduce inflammation.

  4. Pacemakers and defibrillators can be implanted.

  5. Surgery like heart transplant can be done as a last resort.

21 people found this helpful

Multivessel Stenting Vs Bypass Surgery - Which is Better?

DM Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
Multivessel Stenting Vs Bypass Surgery - Which is Better?

The results of a study conducted by the Department of Medicine, University of Ulsan, Korea, show that multivessel coronary stenting can be performed with a high success rate along with an acceptable clinical outcome. Coronary stenting has proven itself to be an accepted means for treating of obstructed coronary arteries. The need for multivessel coronary stenting has been inflated because of the larger number of patients with unfavourable cardiac profiles. Conventionally, bypass surgery is regarded as a standard means for relieving angina in cardiac patients with multivessel coronary disease as it could lead to a downright revascularization. Further, it also allows a prolongation of lifespan in a specified subgroup of patients.

How are they performed: Despite the coming of modern generation of stents, patients with multiple stringent arteries in the heart receiving coronary after bypass have recovered better than those whose arteries were grafted with balloon angioplasty or stenting. This report is presented in the 64th Annual Scientific Session in the American College of Cardiology. This report echoes past studies which shows that patients afflicted with multiple narrowed arteries receive better results with coronary artery bypass grafting, which is also known as CABG or bypass heart surgery. In case of multivessel stenting, which is known as angioplasty or percutaneous coronary intervention or PCI, a stent is put within the arteries to hold it wide open and facilitate the flow of blood.

Which one is better: In a new study, it is reported that patients with new stents are susceptible to 47% higher risk of any of the outcomes like death or cardiac arrest as compared to patients who undergo bypass surgery. In CABG, a vein or artery from other parts of the body is grafted on the constricted coronary artery for allowing easy blood flow to and from heart. This study reinforces present regulations that recommend CABG to treat patients with substantial constrictions in various arteries, a condition often termed as multivessel coronary artery ailment.

Renowned cardiologist Seung Jung Park from Asan Medical Centre in Seoul, South Korea opines that CABG is still a much preferred option on the basis of their medical data. Another study known as Bypass Surgery Versus Everolimus - Eluting Stent Implantation for Multivessel Coronary Artery Disease or BEST trial deserves mention. It is one of the two randomly controlled trials for comparing bypass to angioplasty since the introduction of modernised stents that emits medication, which would prevent blood clot.

This study was implemented on 880 patients at 27 healthcare centres in four countries. Each patient had multivessel coronary artery disease and were determined to be equally eligible to go through either of the methods. Half of these patients were randomly chosen to be given angioplasty with everolimus-eluting stents, and the other half received bypass surgery.

All the patients were tracked for about five years and during this prolonged follow up, angioplasty was related to a considerable upsurge in the incidence of myocardial infarction, target vessel revascularization and often death. Because, it is a more invasive process, bypass surgery is normally recommended only for patients afflicted with higher-risk constrictions in more than one artery.

If you are one of these patients and this concern plagues you, it is recommended to talk to a cardiologist without much delay.

3734 people found this helpful

My mother is suffering with Large ASD (4.3 CMS) She is 55 years old. All the tests are done (Anjo, Cath study and TEE). Finally doctor is said need surgery. So pls kindly suggest which Surgery is best (Surgery or Device)

DM Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
My mother is suffering with Large ASD (4.3 CMS)
She is 55 years old. All the tests are done (Anjo, Cath study and TEE...
Since the size of ASD is 4.3 cm, device would not be suitable. Go for open heart surgery. It is very safe.
1 person found this helpful
Submit FeedbackFeedback

Hello sir good afternoon I wanna know about Dyspnea disease what is it? And is there any treatment of it? My friend is suffering from this problem. She is Gasping from doing a little thing .so please tell me sir this is serious problem or it may be solve from some treatment. Please suggest me sir. And also tell which type of diet we should follow for her. Thanks.

DM Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
Dear lybrate-user, Dyspnoea, means breathlessness. It could be due to heart or lung related problems. I would advise you to show your friend to a good physician.
1 person found this helpful
Submit FeedbackFeedback

Hello.my mother has slight pain in her heels. .and some of the doctors said that this can be a reason for clotting. .which may lead to heart problems. Is there any real serious issues related to this? As she frequently suffers from this pain, or there might be some other reasons. Please reply as soon as possible. Thankyou.

DM Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
Hello.my mother has slight pain in her heels. .and some of the doctors said that this can be a reason for clotting. ....
Dear lybrate-user, If you are worried about clotting in the legs, get a lowerlimb venous doppler test, which would confirm or rule out clots.
You found this helpful
Submit FeedbackFeedback

I am a patient of high cholesterol since last 10 years ,which is the best diet to be healthier with less medication and average fitness routine.

DM Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
I am a patient of high cholesterol since last 10 years ,which is the best diet to be healthier with less medication a...
Dear lybrate-user, To reduce cholesterol follow these: 1. Tea- green tea is known popularly as an antioxidant that keeps your health and weight in check. But it is also a very strong cleanser of your arteries as well. Black tea too, one that has flavonoids in good proportions is also considered as an excellent cleanser of the artery. 2. Sesame seeds- sesame seeds have natural cardioprotective substances that are not only good for the artery but are very beneficial for absolute heart health. Sesame is majorly known for preventing the occurrence of atherosclerosis. Apart from that, sesame helps in cleaning all blood vessels. 3. Turmeric- any blockage or damage to the artery is immediately addressed by the turmeric that we consume regularly. It cures the damages almost immediately, preventing any aggravation or infection. Including turmeric in good proportions in daily diet is considered as a complete option to tackle any problems to the arteries. 4. Fruits- fruits are extremely beneficial both for the cardiovascular and blood health. Fibrous fruits especially are related to the arteries. Researchers suggest that having fibrous fruits first up in the morning, on an empty stomach ensures that all the arteries are cleaned and its functions are proceeding in the right manner. 5. Olive oil- fatty acids like omega-3 and omega-6 present in olive oil are excellent plaque removers. Consuming olive oil increases the omega substances in the body, so when something is about to harm the artery, they intervene and cleanse it completely.
8 people found this helpful
Submit FeedbackFeedback

Heart Attack Or Panic Attack - How To Know The Difference?

DM Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
Heart Attack Or Panic Attack - How To Know The Difference?

You feel your heart begin to beat wildly in your chest as you break into a cold sweat and have trouble catching your breath; is this a heart attack or panic attack? Your first thought is that it's a heart attack since you have an impending feeling of doom which you may even have felt before your attack began. This makes your heart beat even faster and you become so overwhelmed that the feeling gets even worse until you begin to feel light-headed or maybe even pass out. This is a panic attack.

When you suffer from anxiety, the slightest thing can trigger a panic attack and some can be so intense that you can't imagine it being anything other than looming death. It's very common for those having an anxiety attack to mistake it for a heart attack and this fear is enough to just take over and really wreak havoc on your heart rate, but no matter how fast your heart beats or how panicked you feel; you are not having a heart attack and this episode will not kill you.

One thing that will prove helpful in dealing with this is learning the differences between the two:

Signs of a Heart Attack:

  1. Pressure in the Chest (described as feeling like there is an elephant sitting on your chest).

  2. Chest pain - note that this is not always present.

  3. Sweating.

  4. Shortness of breath.

  5. Pain in the right arm.

  6. Pain in the back or shoulder blades for women.

  7. Nausea or vomiting.

Panic attack symptoms include:

  1. Increased heart rate.

  2. Sharp or stabbing chest pain that lasts only 5 to 10 seconds.

  3. Pain that is localized to one small area.

  4. Pain that usually occurs at rest.

  5. Pain that accompanies anxiety.

  6. Pain that is relieved or worsened when you change positions.

  7. Pain that can be reproduced or worsened by pressing over the area of pain.

The bottom line: Be vigilant and get checked out promptly.

3389 people found this helpful

Facts Every Woman Should Know About Heart Disease

DM Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
Facts Every Woman Should Know About Heart Disease

Heart disease doesn't affect all women in the same way and neither does it have the same warning signs as heart diseases in men. For women, heart disease is a bigger threat than breast cancer. Cardiovascular diseases also kill more women than men as the disease progresses differently in men and women. Here are a few things you should know about heart diseases.

Women have more atypical symptoms of heart attacks: The classic symptoms of heart attacks are pain in the left arm, chest pain and heart palpitations. Though women may exhibit these symptoms, they are more likely to have atypical symptoms. These include nausea, stomach aches, pain in the shoulders and upper back and extreme fatigue.

Preeclampsia and gestational diabetes can increase risks of heart disease: Even though your blood pressure may go back to normal and conditions like preeclampsia or gestational diabetes may go away post pregnancy, their effects linger on. The risk of heart disease for a woman who suffered from preeclampsia doubles while gestational diabetes can cause glucose intolerance leading to obesity or other such conditions which are risk factors for heart diseases.

Hot flashes could be a sign of heart problems: Hot flashes are usually associated with menopause but may also be a symptom of underlying heart problems. Hot flashes that occur after a exerting a strenuous effort on something can be a sign of angina in women.

Men and women do not face equal risks: Traditional risks to heart diseases such as cholesterol, obesity and high blood pressure affect both men and women but some factors such as diabetes, stress, depression and smoking affect women more than they affect men. Since women tend to lead a more sedentary lifestyle than men, a lack of exercise also affects them more than it affects men. In addition, a low level of estrogen can also increase the risk of cardiovascular conditions. This is usually seen after menopause.

Metabolic syndrome increase your risk of getting a stroke:

There are five metabolic risk factors for heart disease. If you have 3 or more of them, it is termed as metabolic syndrome. These risk factors are:

  1. A waist circumference of more than 35". This is also called abdominal obesity
  2. A triglyceride level higher than 150 mg/dL
  3. A low level of good cholesterol i.e. HDL cholesterol that is less than 50mg/dL
  4. High blood pressure
  5. High blood sugar. This could also be a sign of diabetes.

While some factors like genetics are out of our control, most of these factors can be controlled by conscious lifestyle changes. Your doctor may also prescribe medication for the same. Heart disease can occur at any time so do not take your heart for granted.

3836 people found this helpful

Heart Blockage: Warning Signs

DM Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
Heart Blockage: Warning Signs

Heart Blocks are a result of plaque buildup in your arteries, which blocks blood flow and circulation to the heart, causing heart muscle damage and heightens the risk for heart attack and stroke.
Arteries which have smooth and elastic walls become thick and restrict blood flow from the cholesterol deposits over the years. Blood clots can also block the arteries that supply oxygen rich blood to the heart. These can eventually lead to strokes and heart attacks.

Some warning signs that you may be at risk of heart blockage:

  1. Have you had a mild stroke: Plaque that accumulates in the carotid artery supplying oxygen rich blood to the brain can cause a stroke. People who have had strokes are more prone to heart attacks.
  2. Do you often feel fatigue and dizziness: Reduced oxygen from poor circulation and blood flow can result in fatigue and tiredness as well as dizziness.
  3. Experiencing shortness of breath: Poor blood flow can lead to shortness of breath from even mild forms of exercise or even from carrying out daily chores or walking.
  4. Sudden chest pain: Chest pain or angina result from reduced supply of blood to the heart. It can be felt as pressure, tightness in the chest, squeezing in the chest, numbness or burning.
  5. Unexplained lower back pain: This can result from pressure in the spine as a result of pinched nerves due to compressed vertebrae discs as a result of poor blood flow.
  6. Erectile dysfunction in men: If an erection becomes difficult or impossible, it could be a warning sign of clogged arteries. These arteries supply blood to the pelvis area and help achieve an erection.
  7. Calf pain: Blocked leg arteries can cause calf pain, especially in smokers . THis is an early sign of possible heart blocks.
  8. Painful, numb and cold hands and feet: Plaque build up in the arteries of the extremities can cause numbness and coldness in the hands and feet.

Remember early detection is the key to prevent or delay heart attacks.

3597 people found this helpful

How to Diagnose and Manage Acute Coronary Syndrome

DM Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
How to Diagnose and Manage Acute Coronary Syndrome

The word acute coronary syndrome refers to a group of symptoms that are caused by blockage of the blood flow to the heart muscles.  The most common result of this is myocardial infarction or heart attack as it is popularly called. Reduced blood flow leads to death of some portion of the heart muscle wall. While the word heart attack sounds almost fatal, it need not be the case. Knowing how to identify an attack and being aware of some simple measures can help save lives. 

Symptoms
The tell tale signs of a heart attack are as follows:

  • Chest pain and discomfort usually described as a tightness or burning in the chest region
  • Pain along the left side of the shoulder and neck, going up into the jaw, down to the arm
  • Nausea and vomiting 
  • Profuse sweating 
  • Difficulty breathing 
  • Dizzy or fuzzy feeling 
  • Tired, extreme fatigue
  • Anxious, apprehensive feeling 

However, be also aware that there are a lot of people who experience a silent heart attack. Women, obese, elderly, and diabetic patients can have silent attacks and depending on severity, either they go on with life as usual or can have a fatal attack.

Diagnosis
Once you are doubtful of a heart attack, the next step is to reach the closest medical facility for a diagnosis.  In addition to a detailed examination and history, the following two tests will be performed.

  1. Electrocardiogram (ECG): A 12-lead ECG will measure electrical activity of the heart and identify irregular electrical activity, which is indicative of a myocardial infarction.
  2. Blood tests:  Presence of certain enzymes in the blood, CK-MB and troponin are indicative of a heart attack.  A complete electrolyte profile also will be done, and increase or decrease of some electrolytes is helpful in diagnosing a heart attack.
  3. In addition to these two, chest radiography, cardiac angiography, echocardiogram, stress test, and computed coronary tomography may also be required to confirm the diagnosis.

Management
Once diagnosed, the first step would be to relieve the symptoms, negate the effects of reduced blood flow, and restore cardiac function. 

  1. Dissolve the clot: Using thrombolytics like clopidogrel 
  2. Nitroglycerin: To dilate the blood vessels and improve blood flow, especially to the heart muscles
  3. Anticoagulant therapy: Blood thinners are usually used to avoid blood clot formation; aspirin and heparin are the most commonly used agents.
  4. Drug therapy: Blood pressure maintaining drugs like beta blockers and/or angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are also used
  5. Use of Statins: Statins are used to reduce the amount of cholesterol in the blood and stabilize plaque deposits.

In very severe cases, angioplasty and stenting or coronary bypass surgery may be required. Educating people on how to identify a heart attack and manage it is very useful and can help save lives.

4569 people found this helpful

Exercising Post Heart Attack

DM Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
Play video

Here are some post heart attack tips 

3243 people found this helpful

How To Live After A Heart Attack

DM Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
How To Live After A Heart Attack

A heart attack makes you rethink and get a double take on life. Once you survive it, you tend to realize how close your brush with death has been and how important your lifestyle choices can be. Most people go on to live a productive life after a heart attack provided they can adhere to making healthy choices. Here's what you can do if you have experienced your first attack and want to change for the better:

  1. Start at the hospital: A person usually stays in the hospital for 3 days after an attack to monitor their condition. This duration increases if you have complications that involve procedures like a bypass surgery. Your first significant change will come in the form of your medication routine. Your existing dosage may be adjusted and you'll possibly be prescribed newer medicines that will treat and control your symptoms. You'll not only need to know the names of all your medicines, but when you have to take them. It's best you know exactly why you are taking each one of them, if there are other more economic alternatives since this may last a lifetime and what side effects they may have.
  2. Maintaining your mental health: Once bitten, twice shy applies for heart attack victims too. Not only do they live in a constant worry about another attack, every small symptom like a harmless muscle pull can trigger the fear factor. You also get into the "heart patient" dependent mode based on how much help you need to recover. Check for support groups and other heart attack survivors in your locality to see how they are coping. Read more about your recovery and try to keep a positive frame of mind.
  3. Go to a cardiac rehab: Many hospitals have a rehabilitation program that you can participate in as an outpatient or you can go to a clinic that specializes in it. Such programs help speed up your recovery. It is run by people who will hand hold you in bringing positive changes in your life to protect and strengthen your heart. You'll learn activities that positively improve heart functions and reduce your chances of developing complications or dying from heart disease. You'll also get benefit from exercises that'll be taught by a certified exercise specialist.
  4. Make a change in your lifestyle: Quit smoking that is an obvious one. You'll now have to lead a more active lifestyle with daily exercise. You'll also need to actively manage your diabetes and obesity. None of these changes can happen in a day. In fact, behavioral scientists suggest that you need to practice a new activity continuously for twenty one days for it to become a habit.
4761 people found this helpful

I am a 18 year old student. Yesterday I was not able to sleep properly because of the pain iny left arm.In the morning area around my heart starts aching. Even a slight movement is painful. Is it a symptom of heart attack? Can I get heart attack at age of 18.

DM Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
I am a 18 year old student. Yesterday I was not able to sleep properly because of the pain iny left arm.In the mornin...
Dear lybrate-user, it is not a symptom of heart attack. It looks like a muscular pain, and would subside after taking painkillers.
2 people found this helpful
Submit FeedbackFeedback

I have diagnose with angina. Should I go for angiography? I am taking atorvas and monotrate 10 mg both and aspirin for last two years.

DM Cardiology
Cardiologist, Delhi
I have diagnose with angina. Should I go for angiography? I am taking atorvas and monotrate 10 mg both and aspirin fo...
Dear if you are having angina, it is better to undergo coronary angiography, so we can prevent any future heart attacks.
86 people found this helpful
Submit FeedbackFeedback

I am 40 years old I am having blood pressure what I do ?

DM Cardiology
Cardiologist,
I am 40 years old I am having blood pressure what I do ?
Dear, High Blood Pressure What is hypertension? High blood pressure caused by a disease or another known medical problem is called secondary hypertension. Most cases of secondary hypertension are caused by kidney or hormonal problems. Normal blood pressures average 120/80 ("120 over 80") but can rise and fall with exercise or rest. The pressures are measured in millimeters of mercury, with the upper number (120) being the pressure at the end of the heartbeat (systolic pressure). The lower number (80) is the pressure at the beginning of the heartbeat (diastolic pressure). If repeated checks of your blood pressure show that it is higher than 140/90, you have hypertension. If your blood pressure is between 120/80 and 140/90, you may need treatment for high blood pressure if you have other health problems, such as diabetes. How does it occur? Many medical conditions, diseases, and medicines can cause secondary hypertension, including: ? narrowing of the arteries in the kidneys ? narrowing of the aorta, a large blood vessel that supplies blood to the lower body ? several types of kidney disease ? excess secretion of a hormone called aldosterone from the adrenal gland ? tumor of the adrenal gland ? Cushing's syndrome, a disorder in which there is too much corticosteroid hormone in the blood ? medicines such as estrogen and oral contraceptives ? abuse of drugs such as amphetamines, alcohol, or diet pills ? pregnancy. What are the symptoms? High blood pressure may not cause any symptoms. Even secondary hypertension may have few symptoms. Symptoms are usually general and may include: ? headaches ? dizziness ? fatigue ? restlessness and sleeplessness ? nosebleeds ? palpitations or an awareness of your heartbeat ? general feeling of ill health ? the need to urinate often ? round or "moon" face, excess body and facial hair, and weight gain if the high blood pressure is caused by Cushing's syndrome. How is it diagnosed? Your health care provider will ask about your symptoms and will do a physical exam. Blood tests, chest x-rays, and an electrocardiogram may be done. Your provider will want to measure your blood pressure on three different days when you are relaxed and not in a hurry and have not had alcohol for 72 hours. Your medical history is an important part of diagnosis. Your health care provider will ask about your personal and family history of high blood pressure and heart or kidney disease. How is it treated? Secondary hypertension is treated by treating the condition causing the high blood pressure. For example, if you have high blood pressure caused by Cushing's syndrome, treatment for Cushing's will lower your blood pressure. Your health care provider may recommend additional treatments to lower your blood pressure, such as diuretics or other medicines that reduce blood pressure. How long will the effects last? If the cause can be diagnosed and treated, your blood pressure should improve. If you are taking medicine to reduce your blood pressure and your underlying condition is treated, you may be able to cut down or stop taking the blood pressure medicine. How can I take care of myself? ? Always follow your health care provider's instructions for taking medicines. Don't take less medicine or stop taking medicine without talking to your provider first. It can be dangerous to suddenly stop taking blood pressure medicine. Also, do not increase your dosage of any medicine without first talking with your provider. ? Check your blood pressure (or have it checked) as often as your health care provider advises. Keep a chart of the readings. ? Don't smoke. ? Reduce the salt in your diet according to your health care provider's advice. ? With your provider's approval, start an exercise program that you can do regularly (such as biking or walking). ? Lose weight if you need to. ? Limit the amount of alcohol you drink. ? Try to reduce the stress in your life or learn how to deal better with situations that make you feel anxious. ? See your health care provider as often as he or she recommends. What can be done to help prevent secondary hypertension? Most of the conditions that cause secondary hypertension cannot be prevented. However, regular checkups can help detect many conditions before they become serious, including those that can result in high blood pressure.
1 person found this helpful
Submit FeedbackFeedback
View All Feed

Near By Clinics

sooryavansham consulting solutions

General Physician
Jasola, Delhi, New Delhi
View Clinic

Heart Care Foundation of India

Cardiologist
Greater Kailash, Delhi, New Delhi
View Clinic

Dr. Ajmera Diagnostics

Endocrinologist
Anand Vihar, Delhi, Delhi
View Clinic

Diabetes & Heart Centre

General Physician
Rohini, Delhi, New Delhi
View Clinic