A painful and problematic disease that affects the colon and is called Ulcerative Colitis. The most common symptoms here would be very loose bowels, urgency to go to the washroom, feeling of burning sensation and gas post every meal, inability to keep food down, cramps in the stomach, blood in the stool and also general feeling of fatigue.
HOW IS ULCERATIVE COLITIS DIAGNOSED?
A Gastroenterology expert would check these symptoms and do a stool test and ultrasound for confirming the same.
HOW IS ULCERATIVE COLITIS TREATED?
Your gastroenterologist or physician may prescribe a medication to reduce inflammation and swelling. These types of medications include sulfasalazine (Azulfidine), mesalamine (Asacol and Lialda), balsalazide (Colazal), and olsalazine (Dipentum). Reducing inflammation will help alleviate abdominal cramps and diarrhea. More serious cases may need corticosteroids, antibiotics, or medication to suppress immune function. Surgery is necessary when there is massive bleeding, chronic and debilitating symptoms. Surgical options include proctocolectomy with ileostomy (the most common surgical treatment) and ileoanal anastomosis.
DID YOU KNOW?
UC can happen at any age, but it usually starts between the ages of 15 and 30. It tends to run in families. The most common symptoms are pain in the abdomen and blood or pus in diarrhea.