Ulcerative colitis is an inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). IBD comprises a group of diseases that affect the gastrointestinal tract. Ulcerative colitis occurs when the lining of the large intestine (colon or bowel) and the rectum become inflamed. This inflammation produces tiny sores called ulcers on the lining of the colon. It usually begins in the rectum and spreads upward. It rarely affects the small intestine beyond the lower portion. The signs and symptoms are:
• abdominal pain
• increased abdominal sounds
• bloody stools
• rectal pain
• weight loss
HOW IS ULCERATIVE COLITIS DIAGNOSED?
A gastroenterologist orders the following tests to diagnose this condition:
1. Stool test
5. Barium Enema
HOW IS ULCERATIVE COLITIS TREATED?
For treating Ulcerative Colitis, the doctor will focus on the immune system, since its overreaction causes the condition in the first place. So, aminosalicylates and certain steroid based drugs could be prescribed by the doctor. In cases where the condition doesn't improve with medication, then a colon removal surgery remains the only option with the doctor.
DID YOU KNOW?
Diet and nutrition are one of the best ways to manage the problem of ulcerative colitis in the long run, specially eating smaller meals and avoiding very heavy and spicy foods.