Strep throat is bacterial infections that can make your throat feel sore and scratchy. Strep throat accounts for only a small portion of sore throats. The signs and symptoms are:
• Throat pain that usually comes on quickly
• Painful swallowing
• Red and swollen tonsils, sometimes with white patches or streaks of pus
• Tiny red spots on the area at the back of the roof of the mouth (soft or hard palate)
• Swollen, tender lymph nodes in your neck
• Nausea or vomiting, especially in younger children
• Body aches
HOW IS STREP THROAT DIAGNOSED?
The doctor will examine the throat and check for signs of inflammation. He may also check the neck for swollen lymph nodes and ask about other symptoms. If the doctor suspects strep throat, they may do a rapid strep test in the office. The health care provider swabs the back of the throat with a long cotton swab, collecting a sample. He will then send the sample to the lab to look for signs of bacteria.
HOW IS STREP THROAT TREATED?
It is treated with antibiotics and symptom relievers such as painkillers and fever reducing medications. Homeopathic medications are also used.
DID YOU KNOW?
If it’s left untreated, strep throat can cause serious complications. These complications include:
• an ear infection
• rheumatic fever, which is an inflammatory disease that affects the joints, the heart, and the skin
• post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis, which is an inflammation of the kidneys
• mastoiditis, which is an infection of the mastoid bone in the skull
• scarlet fever, which occurs when toxins created by the strep infection cause a scarlet-colored rash to develop on different parts of the body
• guttate psoriasis, which is a condition that causes small, red teardrop-shaped spots to appear on the body
• peritonsillar abscess, which is a pus-filled infection that develops in the back of the tonsils