Pulmonary Atresia is a heart defect present at the time of birth that’s normally diagnosed within the first few hours or days of life. In case of Pulmonary Atresia, the valve that lets blood out of the heart to go to the baby’s lung does not form correctly. Instead of opening and closing to allow blood to travel from the heart to the lungs, a solid sheet of tissue forms. As a result, blood can’t travel by its normal route to pick up oxygen from the lungs. The symptoms of Pulmonary Atresia are noticeable soon after birth and these include shortness of breath, fatigue, feeding problems, pale skin and blue-or gray toned skin.
HOW IS PULMONARY ATRESIA DIAGNOSED?
Although there is no known cause of Pulmonary Atresia, however, a Pediatric diagnoses Pulmonary Atresia by conducting X-Ray, Echocardiogram, and often Cardiac catheterization.
HOW IS PULMONARY ATRESIA TREATED?
For treating Pulmonary Atresia, the doctor can use internal medicine to enable the flow of blood from the heart to the lungs. Further treatment of the condition will depend on the detailed diagnosis of the exact nature and severity of the disease. Even an open heart surgery to replace the valve or a complete heart transplant can be carried out.
DID YOU KNOW?
Though a fatal problem with effective prognosis and treatment Pulmonary Atresia can be corrected and the child continues to have a normal life in the later years.