Plague is a serious bacterial infection that can be life-threatening and sometimes, Plague is referred to as the black plague. Plague is caused by bacterial strain called Yersinia pestis and this bacterium is found on animals throughout the world and is usually transmitted to humans through fleas. There are three basic forms of Plague namely Bubonic Plague, Septicemic Plague and Pneumonic Plague. Some of the common signs and symptoms of Plague include fever, chills, headache, general weakness and seizures.
HOW IS PLAGUE DIAGNOSED?
If a general physician suspects plague you might be advised a blood test to check for the bacteria in your body. A blood test can reveal if you have septicemia plague. To check for bubonic plague, your doctor will use a needle to take a sample of the fluid in your swollen lymph nodes. To check for pneumonic plague, fluid will be extracted from your airways by a tube that is inserted down your nose or mouth and down your throat. This is called an endoscopy. The samples will be sent to a laboratory for analysis. Preliminary results may be ready in just two hours, but confirmatory testing takes 24 to 48 hours. Often, if the plague is suspected, your doctor will begin treatment with antibiotics before the diagnosis is confirmed. This is because the plague progresses rapidly and being treated early can make a big difference in your recovery.
HOW IS PLAGUE TREATED?
The treatment of Plague usually involves strong antibiotics and often, breathing support. People suffering from Plague must be isolated
DID YOU KNOW?
Outbreak of plague can turn into an epidemic and hence it is vital to get vaccinated for the same if you live in a high-risk zone.