Multiple Sclerosis is a disease that affects the myelin sheath, the protective lining that covers the nerve cells of the brain and the spinal cord. This causes a disruption in the ability of the nerve cells to communicate leading to physical, mental and psychiatric problems. Symptoms include double vision, blindness in one eye, muscle weakness, trouble with sensation, or trouble with coordination. While the symptoms may disappear after the attack subsides, permanent neurological problems remain.
HOW IS MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS DIAGNOSED?
A neurology specialist will be able to diagnose the condition with the help of a neurological exam. MRI is the best imaging test for diagnosing the condition. A spinal tap, or lumbar puncture, can help your doctor find abnormalities in your spinal fluid.Doctors use blood tests to eliminate other conditions with similar symptoms.
HOW IS MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS TREATED?
There is no cure for Multiple Sclerosis, however, the treatment depends on speeding the process of recovery from attacks and slowing the progression of the disease and managing its symptoms. In most of the cases, a physical therapy helps in easing the pain.
DID YOU KNOW?
The usual life expectancy of the patient is about 30 years from the start of the disease - depending on age and health of the patient.