Meningitis is a medical condition in which the meninges are inflamed. Meninges are the membranes that cover the brain and spine. Meningitis is usually caused by a viral infection. In some cases Meningitis improves with time, while other worsen and turn into life-threatening conditions. Symptoms are:
• Sudden high fever
• Stiff neck
• Severe headache
• Nausea and vomiting
• Sensitivity to light
• No appetite or thirst
• Confusion of difficulty concentrating
HOW IS MENINGITIS DIAGNOSED?
The doctor or pediatrician can diagnose meningitis based on a medical history, a physical exam and certain diagnostic tests. During the exam, the doctor may check for signs of infection around the head, ears, throat and the skin along the spine. The doctor may suggest tests that include:
• Blood cultures.
• Imaging test - Computerized tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance (MR) or X-rays.
• Spinal tap (lumbar puncture). F
HOW IS MENINGITIS TREATED?
Acute bacterial Meningitis requires prompt intravenous antibiotic treatment. Antibiotics cannot cure viral Meningitis, an antiviral dosage may be required in this case.
DID YOU KNOW?
Fungal meningitis is very rare and only occurs in individuals with weak immune systems.