Malaria is a life-threatening disease that is usually spread by the bite of an infected female Anopheles mosquito. Congenital malaria occurs when passed from mother to fetus. Symptoms are:
• Shaking chills that range from moderate to severe
• High fever
• Profuse sweating
• Muscle pain
• Bloody stools
HOW IS MALARIA DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of malaria is based on the symptoms and a complete physical examination. The general physician may check for enlarged spleen and liver. Blood tests confirm diagnosis. Swelling of blood vessels of the brain, organ failure of kidney, liver and spleen, and low blood sugar are common complications of malaria.
HOW IS MALARIA TREATED?
Treatment is done at the hospital with medications. The doctor may prescribe medications and check for the results and based on the progress, continue or change the medications. Immediate treatment is essential.
DID YOU KNOW?
In extreme cases malaria can be a life-threatening disease and can be passed from mother who has malaria to the baby at birth.