Liver is an important organ of the body and it mainly plays an important role from protein production and blood clotting to metabolism. While a number of illnesses can affect the liver, Liver Disease is a broad term that covers all the possible problems that causes the liver to fail. Some of the common symptoms of Liver Disease include vomiting, nausea, abdominal pain, jaundice and weight loss, among others.
HOW IS LIVER DISEASE DIAGNOSED?
The doctor is likely to start with a health history and thorough physical examination. He may then recommend:
• Blood tests - A group of blood tests called liver function tests can be used to diagnose liver disease. Other blood tests can be done to look for specific liver problems or genetic conditions.
• Imaging tests - CT scan, MRI and ultrasound can show liver damage.
• Tissue analysis or Biopsy.
HOW IS LIVER DISEASE TREATED?
Besides medication, Liver Disease can be treated by surgery.
DID YOU KNOW?
The various types of liver diseases are:
• Alcohol-related liver disease – where the liver is damaged after years of alcohol misuse, this can lead to cirrhosis (scarring of the liver)
• Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease – a buildup of fat within liver cells, usually seen in overweight people or those who are obese
• Hepatitis – which is inflammation (swelling) of the liver caused by a viral infection or exposure to harmful substances such as alcohol
• Haemochromatosis – an inherited disorder where there's a gradual build-up of iron in the body, usually around the liver
• Primary biliary cirrhosis – a rare, long-term type of liver disease that damages the bile ducts in the liver