Heart attack is a term used for defining a situation where the heart doesn’t get enough blood supply and oxygen because of clotting in the arteries and thus gets starved for oxygen. Common symptoms of the same include acute pain in the chest around the heart area, extreme sweating and dizziness, panting followed with breath shortness.
HOW IS HEART ATTACK DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of the same is done by a cardiology expert who would also examine the patient while conducting tests like Echocardiography, blood test, ECG and other relevant tests to determine extent of heartache.
HOW IS HEART ATTACK TREATED?
The treatment for Heart Attack has to be given on an emergency basis. The patient is normally taken to a hospital and started on a series of drugs to address all the problems. These include blood thinners and to avoid further clogging of the arteries and painkillers to take care of the pain. The doctors normally keep a close watch for the first 36 to 72 hours to avoid any complications.
DID YOU KNOW?
The goal after the heart attack is to keep the heart healthy and reduce risks of having another heart attack. The best bet to ward off future attacks are to take medications, change lifestyle, and see the doctor for regular heart checkups.
If you are suddenly experiencing pain in your jaw, abdomen, chest or left hand, then you should be cautious. All these are signs of heart attacks. These signs may be accompanied by fatigue and nausea or vomiting. Some heart attacks are silent and the person does not know that he is suffering from heart attack.
Heart attack is caused due to the blockage of the artery supplying blood to the heart. The blockage is caused due to the build up of plaque, fatty deposits and cholesterol on the walls of the blood vessel. Main reasons for fat build up are high cholesterol, hypertension or even diabetes. All these factors cause the blood vessel to be blocked. Smoking and drinking can higher the chances of a heart attack. Proper management of diabetes and hypertension also reduces the risk. Obese persons should try to control their weight and hence prevent chances of getting heart attack.
In the event of a heart attack, immediate medical care is required. Once the person is hospitalized he will be given some treatments. They include restoration of the blocked artery and supply of blood to the heart. Another treatment is thrombolysis where the blood clot is cleared with the help of medicines. Sometimes both these treatments will not work, hence the patient is not offered any of them.
To understand heart attack better, we should understand the working of the heart. The heart like all other muscles is a muscle and once it stops working due to insufficient blood supply then a heart attack happens. Insufficient blood supply may be caused due to clots in the blood or due to blockage in the artery supplying blood to the heart. Plaque build up in the artery as well as cholesterol deposits can cause coronary artery blockage.
A heart attack is different from cardiac arrest. When a person suffers cardiac arrest he becomes unconscious and the heart stops working. In the event of a heart attack the person does not become unconscious. However, a heart attack can turn into a cardiac arrest and the heart will stop working.
As always said prevention is better than cure. Try taking all preventive measures to avoid a heart attack. A healthy lifestyle which is a mixture of good diet, regular exercise and stress free life can do wonders to your body and heart.
If you have a family history of heart attacks, then it is best to consult a cardiologist even before the heart attack happens. Try to get the list of best cardiologists from all over India through Lybrate. So why wait. Check out for the list of cardiologists in your city and undertake an online consultation to enable you to understand about heart attack. If any of your loved ones has experienced any symptom of heart attack then immediately consult the cardiologist. Lybrate has all the details to help you out in such crisis. You can consult doctors from all over India. Choose the doctor who you feel will give you the best solution to your problem in Navi Mumbai, Noida, Panchkula, Patna, Rajkot.
You can consult doctors online for Heart Attack from anywhere, anytime at Lybrate. View consultation fee, reviews and patient feedback before consulting. Find best doctors in Ajit Prasad Nagar, Arvind Marg, Auli Village, Balawala, Banjarawala, Bhauwala and in any other locality in Dehradun.
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