Dengue fever is caused by a mosquito. This is the same virus that causes Yellow Fever in Africa. The greatest risk of this disease is in India, South China, Mexico, Africa and the Caribbean. The symptoms include a sudden and very high fever, chills, fatigue, nausea and vomiting. Skin rashes and some amount of bleeding may also take place in this condition.
HOW IS DENGUE FEVER DIAGNOSED?
Dengue fever testing is used to determine whether a person with symptoms and any cases of exposure to being infected by dengue. The infection is difficult to diagnose without laboratory tests because symptoms may are similar to other diseases, such as malaria. Two types of testing are available which are antibody tests and molecular testing (PCR).
HOW IS DENGUE FEVER TREATED?
The treatment includes the prescription and administration of acetaminophen as well as aspirin and other non steroid based drugs including anti inflammatory medication. Corticosteroids are usually avoided in such cases. Hospital stay will be required for at least a few weeks.
DID YOU KNOW?
The acute phase of dengue with fever and muscle pain (myalgia) lasts about one to two weeks. Convalescence is accompanied by a feeling of weakness (asthenia) and fatigue, and full recovery often takes several weeks.