Colon or Colorectal cancer starts in the large intestine and the colon, which lie in the lower part of the digestive tract. This disease may be caused due to gene mutations or precancerous growth in this part of the body. This may include untreated polyps as well. People with a history of colon polyps are at maximum risk.
HOW IS COLON CANCER DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis will be done by the general physician or an Oncologist who will carry out a series of blood and other lab tests in order to check the cause of the symptoms like constipation, fatigue, loose motions, fever, changes in the colour of the stool and rectal bleeding. A Colonoscopy, CT Scan and X Ray will also be used for diagnosis.
HOW IS COLON CANCER TREATED?
Treatment for colon cancer depends on the stage of cancer. Small localized cancer may be treated through colonoscopy by removing localized polyps. Endoscopic mucosal resection is another treatment method for slightly larger polyps. Laparoscopic surgery may be performed to remove large polyps. For colon cancer that has grown in parts of the colon, partial colectomy or colostomy are performed. During surgery lymph nodes located nearby are also removed.
DID YOU KNOW?
Colon cancer is the third most commonly diagnosed cancer is the third leading cause of cancer death