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Colloid Goitre is a medical condition in which the thyroid gland is enlarged. Deficiency of iodine in the diet is the cause of colloid goitre. Symptoms are:
• Enlarged neck veins
• Swallowing difficulties
• Breathing difficulty
• Swelling of thyroid
HOW IS COLLOID GOITRE DIAGNOSED?
The health care practitioner will suggest some tests to diagnose the problem. The various tests are:
• Blood tests to monitor thyroid function,
• Radioactive iodine uptake (normal or increased)
• Thyroid scan
• Thyroid ultrasound
• Urinary excretion of iodine (low)
HOW IS COLLOID GOITRE TREATED?
Endocrinologists usually prescribe thyroid hormone replacement therapy. The simultaneous increase in iodine intake can help stop hormone replacement therapy over a period of time. In the case of very large goitres that do not go away with time, surgery may be needed. Other treatment methods are anti-thyroid medication and radioactive iodine. Persistent goitre, if left untreated, leads to thyroid cancer.
DID YOU KNOW?
Small- to moderate-sized goitres are relatively common in the United States. The Great Lakes, Midwest, and Intermountain regions were once known as the ""goitre belt."" The routine use of iodized table salt now helps prevent this deficiency. Risk factors for colloid nodular goitres include:
• Being over age 40
• Being female
• Having a family history of goitre
• Living in an area where there is endemic iodine deficiency
• Not getting enough iodine in the diet