Doctors for Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia in Dalanwala, Dehradun
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CHILDHOOD ACUTE LYMPHOBLASTIC LEUKEMIA
The Childhood Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia also commonly known as ALL is one of the most common types of cancers in children. This condition affects the bone marrow and the blood cells. Children with this condition develop a larger number of immature lymphocytes, a type of white blood cells, in their bone marrow. These lymphocytes interfere with the production of healthy white blood cells as well as red blood cells making the child more prone to lose immunity. This leads to increased risk of infections, anaemia and easy and continuous bleeding. The common symptoms of this condition include persistent fever, easy bleeding and bruising, flat dark-red spots under the skin that may be caused due to internal bleeding, joint pain, general weakness, loss of appetite and lumps around neck, stomach and groin.
HOW IS CHILDHOOD ACUTE LYMPHOBLASTIC LEUKEMIA DIAGNOSED?
The condition is diagnosed with a series of lab tests including but not limited to Complete Blood Count (CBC), haemoglobin test, bone marrow aspiration & biopsy, cytogenetic analysis, blood chemistry study and chest x-ray.
HOW IS CHILDHOOD ACUTE LYMPHOBLASTIC LEUKEMIA TREATED?
Treatment is carried out in two phases: induction therapy and post-induction therapy. Common treatment methods for acute lymphoblastic leukaemia are:
• Chemotherapy using a combination of anti-cancer drugs
• Consolidation and central nervous system treatment
• Bone marrow transplant
• Testicular radiotherapy
DID YOU KNOW?
Past treatment for cancer and certain genetic conditions affect the risk of having childhood ALL. Long-term side effects (late side effects) are rare, and most children with ALL grow and develop normally.