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Buttock pain is also known as the piriformis syndrome which is an uncommon neuromuscular disorder that is caused when the piriformis muscle compresses the sciatic nerve. The symptoms are pain and numbness in the buttocks while walking and sitting.
HOW IS BUTTOCK PAIN DIAGNOSED?
There is no definitive test for piriformis syndrome. In many cases, there is a history of trauma to the area, repetitive, vigorous activity such as long-distance running, or prolonged sitting. Diagnosis is done by physical exam using a variety of movements to elicit pain to the piriformis muscle. In many cases symptoms can be similar to other conditions, radiologic tests such as MRIs may be required to rule out other causes of sciatic nerve compression, such as a herniated disc.
HOW IS BUTTOCK PAIN TREATED?
Depending on the cause, buttock pain is treated. The medications used are acetaminophen, duloxetine, gabapentin, hydrocodone, lidocaine patch and NSAIDs. Physical therapy and homeopathic medications also help in relieving buttock pain.
DID YOU KNOW?
Piriformis syndrome is buttock pain caused due to compression or contraction of the Piriformis muscle on specific areas of the sciatica nerve.