Burkitt Lymphoma, also known as malignant lymphoma or Burkitt tumor, is a cancer of the lymphatic system, particularly in the immune B-cells. It is considered as the fastest growing human tumor, and proves to be rapidly fatal if left untreated. The endemic variant starts as tumors in the jaw or facial bones. It also affects the gastrointestinal tract, breasts and ovaries. Other common symptoms are:
• Loss of weight and appetite
• Night sweats
• Unexplained fever
HOW IS BURKITT LYMPHOMA DIAGNOSED?
Oncologists may order for biopsy of the enlarged lymph node for diagnosing the disease. Other diagnostic tests are:
• CT Scan of abdomen, chest and pelvis
• Chest X-ray
• PET or gallium scan
• Spinal fluid examination
• Blood tests for kidney and liver function test
• Testing for HIV disease
• Bone marrow biopsy
HOW IS BURKITT LYMPHOMA TREATED?
The treatment is usually with combintion chemotherapy. The agents used are:
DID YOU KNOW?
In children, intensive chemotherapy usually helps to cure the condition.