Excessive and unrealistic worry over a prolonged period of time is characterized as a general anxiety disorder. The patient suffers from an irrational fear, and especially an imminent fear of death. Some of the most common symptoms include insomnia, sweaty hands, restlessness, nausea, dizziness, dry mouth and heart palpitations.
HOW IS ANXIETY DIAGNOSED?
A general anxiety disorder can be diagnosed by consulting a Clinical Psychologist or Therapist.
HOW IS ANXIETY TREATED?
Anxiety disorders are treated based on the type of disorder. Antidepressant and anticonvulsant medications are given for reducing anxiety. Psychotherapy is given to the patient to address the emotional aspect of the disorder. Lifestyle changes and specific dietary changes are also recommended to combat these disorders.
DID YOU KNOW?
Diet and lifestyle alterations can help in alleviating anxiety.
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Have you ever suffered from excessive worry and felt that you cannot stop yourself from thinking about it? You are probably suffering from a condition, or perhaps not. But yet a when your excessive worrying tends to collides with your day to day activities, you might be suffering from General Anxiety Disorder. Anyone can develop a generalized anxiety disorder. Obsessive compulsive disorder is also condition from which you can suffer as the symptoms of both are interrelated. Obsessions and compulsions are both symptoms of Obsessive compulsive disorder. The obsessions include persistent and sudden urges or images which can cause anxiety attacks. These obsessions interfere with daily activities and you might have difficulty in concentrating. Some of the obsessions are as follows:
• Fear of dirt and contamination
• Thoughts wanting to arm yourself or others
• Unwanted sexual or religious thoughts
Obsessive compulsive disorder compulsions include the continuous drive to perform. Some of the compulsions are as follows:
• Cleaning and washing
• Urge to follow a disciplined life
Obsessive compulsive disorder can result from certain bodily and mental functions. Environmental factors can also be the cause of obsessive compulsive disorder. Psychotherapy and certain medications can help in reducing the symptoms, however complete cure is not possible.
The symptoms of generalized Anxiety Disorder vary from person to person. Given below are some of the mental and physical signs and symptoms of generalized anxiety disorder.
• Difficulty in concentrating
• Having trouble to sleep
• Fear of taking incorrect decisions
Sometimes there is no apparent reason to worry but still it makes you feel worried. In addition to the above mentioned symptoms, following are the symptoms common in children.
• Excessive worry about performance in school
• Fear of punctuality
• Lack of confidence
All the above disorders can result in high levels of depression. Signs of depression are as follows:
• Feeling of emptiness and sadness
• Lack of energy
• Lack of pleasure in performing daily activities
• Trouble in concentrating
• Lack of sleep
• Frustration, irritability and anger at petty issues
In older adults, the signs and symptoms vary such as:
• Personality change and difficulty in remembering
• Body aches
• Wanting to stay back at home
• Feeling of attempting suicide
Depression is a serious problem which if left untreated can cause severe damage. Other complications such as obesity, social isolation, self-mutilation, increase in consumption of alcohol and anxiety attacks may occur.
Treating generalized anxiety disorder and obsessive compulsive disorder.
The two main treatment are psychotherapy or talk treatment and medicines. A combination of these also proves to be effective.
Psychotherapy is a type of therapy which involves exposure to the feared object. This helps in reduction of some of the obsessions and compulsions. Psychotherapy takes time but can be extremely effective.
Antidepressants approved by the Food and Drug Administration are also effective such as:
Maintaining a healthy lifestyle, adequate exercise, healthy diet, family support and taking the directed medications are other home and lifestyle remedies for treating the disorders.
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