The causes of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorder include injury to the teeth or jaw, misalignment of the teeth or jaw, teeth grinding, poor posture, stress, arthritis, and gum chewing. The common symptoms include:
• pain in the jaw joint,
• jaw clicking and popping,
• ear pain,
• popping sounds in ears,
• stiff or sore jaw muscles,
• pain in the temple area, or
• locking of the jaw joint.
HOW IS TMJ DISORDERS DIAGNOSED?
Pain is the most common reason for people with TMD to seek medical advice. Joint noises may require auscultation with a stethoscope to detect. Clicks of the joint may also be palpated, over the joint itself in the preauricular region, or via a finger inserted in the external acoustic meatus, which lies directly behind the TMJ. The differential diagnosis is with degenerative joint disease (e.g. osteoarthritis), rheumatoid arthritis, temporal arteritis, otitis media, parotitis, mandibular osteomyelitis, Eagle syndrome, trigeminal neuralgia, oromandibular dystonia,[medical citation needed] deafferentation pains, and psychogenic pain
HOW IS TMJ DISORDERS TREATED?
Not all cases of TMJ disorders need a full course treatment. In most cases, the condition will go on its own. Medications, physical therapies and counselling along with surgical procedures are the various options to consider.
DID YOU KNOW?
Physical therapy including ultrasound, moist heat and ice coupled with exercises to stretch and strengthen jaw muscles has proved to be beneficial for person suffering from TMJ disorder