Temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD) is an umbrella term covering pain and dysfunction of the muscles that move the jaw and the joints which connect the mandible to the skull. The most important feature is pain, followed by restricted mandibular movement and noises from the temporomandibular joints during jaw movement. Although TMD is not life-threatening, it can be detrimental to quality of life because the symptoms can become chronic and difficult to manage.
HOW IS TMD DIAGNOSED?
TMD diagnostic criteria includes
• Pain in muscles of mastication, the TMJ, or the area around the ear, which is usually made worse by manipulation or function.
• Asymmetric mandibular movement with or without clicking.
• Limitation of mandibular movements.
• Pain present for a minimum of 3 months.
HOW IS TMD TREATED?
Treatment is based on the severity of the condition. Generally, doctors would prefer you to wait if the pain is bearable and would suggest medications such as NSAIDs along with some basic dental work.
DID YOU KNOW?
In some cases dental work or surgery may be needed to.