Typhoid is a bacterial infection caused by Salmonella typhi bacteria. Typhoid spreads through contaminated food and water or through close contact with someone who’s infected. Some of the common signs and symptoms of Typhoid include high fever, abdominal pain, headache, constipation or diarrhea.
HOW IS TYPHOID DIAGNOSED?
Since the bacteria enter the intestine also, a stool test is done to diagnose Typhoid. Blood tests are also advised by the General Physician. The doctor will conduct a physical examination also to be sure there are no other indications besides the Typhoid fever.
HOW IS TYPHOID TREATED?
The only effective treatment for typhoid is antibiotics. The most commonly used are ciprofloxacin (for non-pregnant adults) and ceftriaxone. Other than antibiotics, it is sensible to rehydrate by drinking adequate water. In more severe cases, where the bowel has become perforated, surgery may be required.
DID YOU KNOW?
That Typhoid can relapse after a few weeks if proper care is not taken to ensure the bacteria have been completely removed?