Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease spread by the bite of infected sandflies. There are several different forms of leishmaniasis in people. The most common forms are cutaneous leishmaniasis, which causes skin sores and visceral leishmaniasis, which affects several internal organs (usually spleen, liver and bone marrow). Symptoms of cutaneous leishmaniasis depend on where the lesions are located and may include:
• Breathing difficulty
• Skin sores, which may become a skin ulcer that heals very slowly
• Stuffy nose, runny nose and nosebleeds
• Swallowing difficulty
• Ulcers and wearing away (erosion) in the mouth, tongue, gums, lips, nose and inner nose
HOW IS LEISHMANIASIS DIAGNOSED?
A General Physician diagnoses Leishmaniasis by conducting a biopsy and physical examination to determine the severity of the disease.
HOW IS LEISHMANIASIS TREATED?
The most common medications used for treating this problem are liposomal amphotericin B and Miltefosine. Alongside, the doctor would also give you iron supplements to enhance blood count and paracetamol to bring fever down. In some cases paromomycin is also used for treatment.