Facial Trauma, also known as maxillofacial trauma, is any physical trauma caused to the face. Facial trauma may be caused by injuries to the soft tissue by burns, lacerations or bruises or fractures, eye injuries or nasal fractures. Symptoms depend on the type of injury.
• Pain, bruising or swelling in case of fractures of facial bones
• Profuse nosebleeds in case of nose fractures or fracture at base of skull
• Deformity of facial structures
• Loss of teeth due
• Black eye in case of eye injury
HOW IS FACIAL TRAUMA DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis of this condition of Facial Trauma is as complicated as the structure of the face. It requires a team of doctors from different disciplines to analyze the X-ray and CT Scan reports and understand the precise nature of damage caused. There can be fractures and checking that the injury around nose area is not hampering the patient from breathing freely. This will be done by the Ear Nose Throat (ENT) specialist. Where bone fractures are observed the orthopedist has to step in to make his/her analysis and suggest treatment options.
HOW IS FACIAL TRAUMA TREATED?
Surgery is done if the injury prevents normal functioning or causes a major deformity.
The goal of treatment is to:
• Control bleeding
• Create a clear airway
• Treat the fracture and fix broken bone segments
• Prevent scars, if possible
• Prevent long-term double vision or sunken eyes or cheekbones
• Rule out other injuries
DID YOU KNOW?
There is a possibility of the face being left with permanent scars and other facial distortion even after being treated.