or cataract surgery depending upon the intensity of the problem. Phacoemulsification Surgery could be defined as a kind of modern cataract surgery where eye's internal lens gets emulsified. It's done with an ultrasonic hand tool. A balanced salt solution is replaced with aspirated fluids to maintain the anterior chamber. Phacoemulsification Surgery Treatment isn't that complicated. Two incisions are made in the eye. Thereafter, a circular opening is created on lens surface and then a surgical instrument is inserted into eye. With the help of sound waves, the cataract is broken into smaller pieces. Many a time, a laser is used for the same. Now with the help of suction, cataract and lens pieces are removed from the eyes. Thereafter an intraocular lens implant (IOL) is inserted inside the lens capsule. These incisions seal themselves without stitches. During the cataract surgery the cloudy lens is removed. It is then replaced with the help of an artificial lens which is known as an intraocular lens. The patient need not stay in hospital overnight and go home the same day of the surgery. Some of the complications due to cataract surgery are infection in the eye (endophthalmitis), swelling and fluid in the centre of the nerve layer (cystoid macular edema), swelling of the clear covering of the eye (corneal edema) and bleeding in the front of the eye (hyphema). The cost of the surgery could be around INR 35,000.