It is a form of high blood sugar affecting pregnant women. Like other types of diabetes, gestational diabetes affects how the cells use sugar (glucose). Gestational diabetes causes high blood sugar that can affect pregnancy and the baby's health. For most women, gestational diabetes doesn't cause noticeable signs or symptoms. During pregnancy, the placenta, which connects the baby to the mother’s blood supply, produces high levels of various other hormones. Almost all of them impair the action of insulin in the mother’s cells, raising blood sugar. Modest elevation of blood sugar after meals is normal during pregnancy. As the baby grows, the placenta produces more and more insulin-blocking hormones. In gestational diabetes, the placental hormones provoke a rise in blood sugar to a level that can affect the growth and welfare of the baby. Gestational diabetes usually develops during the last half of pregnancy — sometimes as early as the 20th week, but generally not until later.
HOW IS GESTATIONAL DIABETES DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of the same is done by a gynaecology expert who would check your sugar levels along with blood pressure.
HOW IS GESTATIONAL DIABETES TREATED?
Treatment involves managing the condition with some lifestyle and diet changes. Women with gestational diabetes may be induced labour pre term as a full term pregnancy is usually not recommended. Insulin therapy will be needed in some cases.
DID YOU KNOW?
Gestational diabetes usually resolves after the baby is born. A second pregnancy within one year of the one when the mother had gestational diabetes results in a higher incidence of recurrence.