Holistic Health Meridian in Musheerabad, Hyderabad - Book Appointment, View Contact Number, Feedbacks, Address | Dr. K. Ashok

Holistic Health Meridian

Practice Statement
Our mission is to blend state-of-the-art medical technology & research with a dedication to patient welfare & healing to provide you with the best possible health care.

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Holistic Health Meridian is known for housing experienced s. Dr. K. Ashok, a well-reputed Acupuncturist , practices in Hyderabad. Visit this medical health centre for s recommended by 107 patients.

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Clinic Address
#1-7-145/11,Srinivasa Nagar Colony, Goloconda X Road, Musheerabad. Landmark: opp. Lane to Usha Mayuri Theatre , Hyderabad
Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh
Details for Dr. K. Ashok
  • Masters Of Science In Dietetics And Food Service Management Msc. (DFSM), Certified Diabetes Educator (CDE), Advanced Clinical Nutrition Program, Post Graduate Diploma In Clinical Nutrition And Dietetics PGD, Bachelors Degree In Applied Nutrition Bhsc
    Finally! It s Diwali, the festival of lights. The festivities have already started and you have let your guard down by happily munching on sweets and festive savouries. While your cravings are satisfied, it s a different story for your body. Calories are getting piled up with almost little exercise, unhealthy habits are playing havoc with your metabolism. You might just see yourself 3-5 kilos heavier post Diwali.

    The usual source of high calorie food during Diwali are the sweets that you eat. Laden with sugar and ghee, they are a recipe for disaster. So the question here is, how do you control the craving and keep away from calories? Follow these tips and you shall thank us later:

    Drink up: No! Not the beer. It is very important that you drink at least 2-3 liters of water regularly. Dehydration can make you crave for sweets as the body may get confused between thirst and hunger. This also means that you need to avoid carbonated beverages such as sodas and other soft drinks.
    Load up on protein: Eat protein based foods such as chickpeas and cottage cheese to fill up your protein quotient. Protein keeps your metabolism elevated and also makes you feel fuller. Try this: eat a protein rich snack before you head out as it will help reduce your appetite thus, helping you to avoid binge eating.
    Choose sweets wisely: If you must eat sweets, then make sure you don t overindulge. Stick to one or two sweets; also pick sweets that are less sugar laden. For example; choose the rasgulla instead of the gulab jamun and squeeze the rasgulla before eating it in order to avoid the sugary juice within it.
    Smile at the sight of nuts: Nuts such as cashews and almonds contain heart healthy fats that are good for you. Keep the portion size small as they are high calorie food, eat them regularly as they promote satiety; which means your chances of gorging on sweets considerably reduce.
    Never forget to exercise: If you did not pay much heed to what you had, make sure you burn those extra calories off. Go for a run, swim or even a game of football; anything that keeps your heart rate elevated to the fat burning zone for 30-40 minutes.
    Be aware of what you eat: Being aware of what you are eating is the most important tip that you can ever get. You need to be conscious about the type of food you eat and also how much of that you consume. Eating healthy does not mean you can eat too much, as they still contain calories.
    Eat Slowly: Eat your calorie laden foods slowly then you might end up eating much lesser than otherwise. Also, slow eating include better digestion, better hydration, easier weight loss or maintenance, and greater satisfaction with our meals.
       5 Thanks
  • M.Sc, Internship From AIIMS - Diploma in Diet and Nutrition, Diploma in Diet and Nutrition
    Festivals without sweets are unheard of in India. Think of Diwali and you re sure to conjure visions of mithai , dried fruits and laddus . These sweetmeats are rich not only in taste, but also in calories. This makes festival food a big problem for weight management. Thankfully, there are ways to have a sweet celebration without putting on excess weight.

    Here are a few tips.

    Eat in moderation: It is impossible to completely avoid sweets during this festive season. However, you can keep a check on the amount you eat. Limit yourself to one or two pieces of mithai instead of gorging on them. Avoid second helping of sweets at all costs.
    Pick your sweets carefully: Not all sweets have the same calorific value. Sweets that are deep fried such as gulab jamuns have a higher calorific value than rasgullas. Similarly homemade sweets are usually much lower in fat content than store bought ones. If you are making sweets at home, try replacing the sugar with jaggery to lower the fat content. Eating dry fruits over sweets can also help minimize your calorie intake.
    Do not skip your meals: Eating heavy sweets may make you want to skip your regular meals, but this is a terrible idea. Do not miss out on your regular servings of fruits, vegetables and carbs. Do not replace your normal meals with snacks and dried fruits. If necessary, lower your portion size and have a light soup for dinner instead of your regular meal.
    Avoid sweet drinks: Since you cannot avoid eating sugar, skip drinking sugar. Avoid sweetened drinks such as colas and processed juices. Instead, pick light drinks such as buttermilk, lemonade and jaljeera. Green tea is also a good option during Diwali. If possible, avoid alcohol.
    Stay hydrated: When eating such rich and heavy food, it is important to drink plenty of water through the day. This keeps the body hydrated and helps flush toxins from the body. Drinking water also reduces the urge to snack and can help keep a control over your food intake.
    Eat mindfully: Chew your food and mithai slowly while eating. This will ensure that you thoroughly enjoy it and will keep you satiated for longer. Avoid eating on the go. Mindful eating also reduces the urge to snack excessively and hence controls your food intake.
    Exercise: Do not make Diwali an excuse to not exercise. Set aside half an hour at the beginning of the day to exercise and kick start your metabolism. Breathing exercises such as Pranayam and anulom vilom can also help clear your respiratory passages and help prevent problems sue to the pollutants in the air.
       1 Thanks
    Causes and risk factors of hunchback
    Hunchback results when the vertebrae in the upper back become increasingly wedge-shaped and the cause for this can be various problems such as:
    Disc degeneration.
    Cancer and treatment for cancer.
    Scheuermann's disease.
    Congenital/birth defects.

    Risk factors: there are certain groups of people who are at increased risk for developing hunchback such as:
    Adolescent girls who have a poor posture.
    Boys aged between 10 and 15 are at increased risk of developing scheuermann's kyphosis.
    Older patients suffering from osteoporosis are at a higher risk for spinal fractures which can contribute to hunchback.
    Patients having connective tissue disorders (marfan syndrome) are more prone to developing hunchback.
    Signs and symptoms of hunchback

    Patient may not have any signs or symptoms if the hunchback is mild.
    Abnormally curved spine.
    Stiffness in the back.
    Pain in the back.
    Investigations for hunchback

    Physical exam.
    Neurological exam to check reflexes and muscle strength.
    X-rays to determine the degree of curvature and to detect deformities of the vertebrae.
    Computerized tomography (ct scan) for more detailed images.
    Magnetic resonance imaging (mri) to rule out tumor or infection.
    Nerve tests are done if the patient is experiencing any muscle weakness or numbness to check the nerve impulses.
    Lung function tests are done for severe hunchback to check if the curve is affecting the patient's ability to breathe.
       1 Thanks
  • MD - Dermatology, MBBS
    Spending a day out at the beach or going up on a hike is something most people love to do. What they, however, do not want is the after effects of being out in the sun the sunburn. While sunscreen lotions do help to a large extent, being in the sea can wash off the sunscreen, leaving the skin exposed to the imminent damage. Also, the effect of most sunscreens wears off with time, thereby, invariably producing some damage to the skin. However, there are simple ways to reduce the damage and in some cases even reverse the damage done by the sunburn.

    Listed below simple ways with which you can treat a sunburn:

    The minute you realize sunburn has set in, reduce further damage by getting out of the sun.
    If you were out in the beach, rinse off with regular water as early as possible to clear the chlorine and sand and salt water. The salt water irritates the skin and aggravate the damage further.
    Take a pain-killer which will reduce the inflammation and control the overall effect of swelling and pain. This can also help the mild headache that can develop because of being out in the sun.
    The sun dries the skin and therefore, make sure you make an extra effort and moisturize your skin. Use creams that contain aloe vera, glycerin or hyaluronic acid. Keeping them in the fridge for a while produces an extra-refreshing effect.
    Make a compress containing egg white or green tea and skimmed milk. The green tea will reduce inflammation and the egg white will supply the necessary proteins for the skin to recover.
    Not just the skin, the sunburn also leaves you dehydrated overall. Ensure the water intake is increased and consume water rich food like watermelon, grapes, and cucumber.
    If there are sun blisters as a result of the sunburn, do not touch them. Peeling them can produce scars, which can be permanent.
    On spots that are painful after the sunburn, slices of potatoes or cucumber can be used to rub the area. This will produce a cooling effect and also reduce swelling.
    Vinegar contains acetic acid and reduces pain, swelling, and inflammation that happens subsequent to a sunburn. Towel soaked in vinegar can be used to wipe the area or vinegar can be added to the water for a bath.
    Mint is another wonderful agent to manage sunburn. Include it in tea or add peppermint oil to lukewarm water for that healing drink.
    These are some tips to treat a sunburn and reduce the damage (sometimes permanent) that can happen as a result.
  • PGD IN ULTRAASONOGRAPHY, Non invasive cardiology course, MD - Medicine, MBBS
    General Physician
    More than millions of people worldwide suffer from joint and knee ache on a daily basis. Usually, this type of pain comes with age, although it can also be a consequence of wearing uncomfortable shoes and having a poor body posture.

    Luckily for those who have this health issue, there is a 100% effective and natural cure. The ingredients of this remedy are rich in magnesium and silicon, known as pain-soothing compounds that have the power to strengthen the tendons and ligaments as well.

    Let's take a look at the recipe for the so called gelatin treatment:

    2 tbsp of unflavored gelatin
    1 orange
    A ripe banana
    2 tbsp of honey

    First, squeeze the orange. Next, peel off the banana and mash it. Afterwards, add the honey to the mashed banana. Then, dissolve the gelatin in water. Use a double boiler to heat it and improve its consistency. After you do this, warm up the orange juice a bit, and add the gelatin to it. Stir the mixture to prevent lumps.

    Next, transfer the gelatin blend into molds and put them in the fridge for 20 minutes. Then, remove the gelatin from the molds, turning it upside down on a plate, and add the honey and banana mixture.
       2 Thanks
  • DNB (Orthopedics), Diploma in Orthopaedics, MBBS
    Knee replacement surgery is a procedure that is used to replace a worn out knee joint with an artificial knee joint. Such a surgery is advised if your knee is causing pain and limiting your daily activities, provided other treatments have failed to cause the desired impact.
    Once the knee replacement surgery is completed, the focus shifts to the recovery phase.
    The duration of the recovery depends on the type of surgery and the individual.
    After the surgery, painkillers are administered to provide relief from the pain.
    In some cases, oxygen is administered through various tubes if required.
    A blood transfusion may also be required after a knee replacement surgery.
    The surgical wound will require a dressing to allow it to heal faster and prevent infection.
    A drain will be attached to the wound to drain out the blood from it and prevent accumulation of blood in the wound.
    The dressing of the wound should be changed regularly.
    Post- Surgery Care
    Post-surgery, you will need assistance to help you walk. If the surgery that you underwent was minimally invasive, then you should be able to walk on the very same day. Your physiotherapist will prescribe and show you some exercises to strengthen the knee. It is important that you follow his/her instructions to avoid complications.
    A passive motion machine is sometimes prescribed as it helps to restore the movement of the knee. It helps in reducing the swelling by keeping your leg elevated and moving the knee when you are lying down.
    Here are some knee replacement recovery tips:
    Avoid doing any work that puts pressure on the knees.
    Eat nutritious meals so that the body receives proper nourishment, thus allowing your leg to heal faster.
    Avoid heavy exercises which can strain your knees.
    Perform all the exercises prescribed by your physiotherapist to speed up the recovery process.
    Do not sit with your legs crossed for a few months after the surgery.
  • MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
    Folic acid is an important form of vitamin B which women must take during pregnancy. It is a form of man-made vitamin B known as folate. Folate plays a significant role in producing red blood cells and helps in the development of your baby s neural tube into the brain and spinal cord, preventing any kind of birth defects in your baby. Birth defects of the brain or spinal cord may occur in early stages of pregnancy. Therefore, by the time a woman discovers her pregnancy, it may become too late to prevent the defects.
    How much folic acid should be taken?
    A woman should start taking folic acid within the first three to four weeks of pregnancy, as birth defects may occur during this time. Women who start taking folic acid a year before getting pregnant produce healthy babies without birth defects.
    400 mcg of folic acid is the recommended dose for all women who are of childbearing age and also in the first trimester of pregnancy. Multivitamins with the recommended amount of folate and folic acid supplements are generally prescribed as they help the mother deliver a healthy child. From the fourth to ninth month of pregnancy, the dose must be increased to 600 mcg.
    Benefits of Folic Acid-
    Without sufficient folic acid in your body, the neural tube of your developing baby may not close properly. This may lead to neural tube defects, which include:
    Spina bifida, a condition where the spinal cord or vertebrae develop incompletely. A baby with spina bifida may be disabled permanently.
    Anencephaly, a condition that features incomplete development of the brain. Babies affected with anencephaly do not live long.
    Having a sufficient supply of folic acid prevents these neural defects from developing in your baby.
    Taking folic acid before and during pregnancy protects your baby against many other conditions. They include:
    Cleft lip and palate.
    Low weight during birth.
    Chances of miscarriage.
    Premature birth.
    Folic acid also reduces the risk of developing pregnancy complications in the mother such as heart diseases, stroke, several cancers and Alzheimer s disease.
    Folic acid is naturally found in dark-green vegetables, which you must consume in abundance. Other sources of folic acid include fortified breakfast cereals, beef liver, lentils, egg noodles and great northern beans.
       1808 Thanks
  • Masters Of Science In Dietetics And Food Service Management Msc. (DFSM), Certified Diabetes Educator (CDE), Advanced Clinical Nutrition Program, Post Graduate Diploma In Clinical Nutrition And Dietetics PGD, Bachelors Degree In Applied Nutrition Bhsc
    In our everyday eat-and-run, huge-portion-sized culture, maintaining a healthy weight can be a challenge, and losing weight can be a massive challenge. While there is no easy fix to weight loss, there are plenty of steps that you can take to develop a healthy relationship with food, curb emotional triggers to overeating, and achieve long-lasting safe weight-loss. Here are a few safe options to lose weight the right way.

    Cut out high-calorie condiments, sugars and refined carbs:

    In spite of aiming to cut down on carbs, most of us consume way more sugar and refined carbohydrates than we actually plan to. Eliminating candy and desserts from our diet is not the only solution, though. Sugar is hidden in foods as diverse as bread, canned soups, pasta sauces, margarines and many foods labelled low fat. All this hidden sugar quantifies to nothing but a lot of empty calories.

    Plump for low sugar products and use fresh ingredients instead of canned goods whenever possible. By slowly reducing sugar in your diet, you will give your taste buds time to adjust to the change and will be able to wean yourself off the craving for sweets.

    According to dietician in bandra, in order to avoid insalubrious spikes in blood sugar, avoid refined carbs like white bread, white rice or pasta, and go for their whole-grain counterparts instead.

    Hoof it up:
    Exercise is the key to weight loss. Recent studies show that people who manage to exercise at least one fifty minutes per week are more successful with weight loss. People who do not have time to exercise can make a few small lifestyle changes, like taking the stairs instead of the elevator or parking the car a bit farther from the destination, so that they will have to walk.

    Drink it down:
    Water can be considered as liquid gold when it comes to weight loss. Water powers your workouts, boosts your energy and increases your metabolism. It also helps you heed your hunger cues and keeps you from drinking other things. Drinking more water may decrease calorie intake and reduce the risk of long-term weight gain and obesity. Drinking water before meals will reduce appetite and intake, thus leading to weight loss.

    Try the veggie-loaded plate method:
    Many best nutritionist recommend using your plate to guide your food selection and portion sizes. You can fill one half of your plate with vegetables and the other half can be split between protein and starchy carbohydrates. And if you decide to go for a second serving, it better be all vegetables. Studies have shown that people who consume five or more servings of fruits and vegetables per day are more successful with weight loss.

    Work flax seeds into your routine:
    One of the easiest and safest things according to best dietitian in kemps corner, warden road, nepeansea road, you can do to speed up your weight loss is to incorporate at least two tablespoons of flax seeds into your daily food regime. You can add it to your morning oatmeal, blend it with your smoothie or sprinkle it over your soup or salad. Flax seeds are the epitome of nutritional benefits and a great source of soluble fiber. They help in lowering cholesterol levels and make you feel fuller for a longer time.

    Article purely in unique way written by best dietitian Geetanjali Ahuja Mengi
       3 Thanks
  • Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
    Have you been noticing an increased level of fatigue for quite some days and that s pushing you to doze off at the desk? Don t grab that energy drink with an attractive name, sniff through an energy bar in place of gulping down that chemical cocktail. If you are willing to take your energy levels off the charts, it s important to pay attention to your daily meals and check whether they are able to cater to your daily needs of energy.

    Here goes a list of top 6 things that can spike up your energy levels:

    1. Water: You may have heard of it quite a few times, but that makes sense. Human body has 60 percent water constituency implying that the muscles, skin and brain have a considerable amount of water. Several studies show that even a bit of dehydration can reduce your energy levels by slowing down the metabolism. Thus, keep hydrated as much as possible, and you can even add basil, mint, lime juice or something healthy to make it tastier.

    2. Seeds, nuts and oils: Just because almonds and peanut butter have high levels of fat content, it doesn t necessarily signify that you should be avoiding them. All these are healthy fats, and your body would definitely love the healthy treat and keep you brimming with energy.

    3. Greek yogurt: This healthy food consists of high levels of protein and lower amounts of sodium and sugar than regular yoghurt. It will definitely keep you fuller than normal. You can even add a stream of honey or a splash of vanilla or small bits of dark chocolate. This is an easy option for your afternoon cravings, and your body would love it.

    4. Bananas: This fruit contains all the essential vitamins that give your body natural energy and you can eat them on-the-go and there is hardly any need for a dressing. If you are not a lover of this nutritious fruit, then you can dip it in chocolate sauce or add a slab of peanut butter or anything that would make it tastier.

    5. Lean protein: You must have learnt in your school biology lesson that protein gives energy? It is required for all functions of the body, including blood clotting, repairing of cuts and nicks as well as production of antibodies. Eat as much baked salmons, hard-boiled eggs, walnuts, apples, sweet potatoes as you can.

    6. Dark chocolate: If any of the above mentioned foods couldn t put a smile on your face, then this is surely going to succeed in doing so. Keep good amount of dark chocolate with you and grab it anytime you feel fatigued or sleepy.

    These yummy foods are yummy treats in the truest sense, and they would surely help in resetting your energy levels.
       7765 Thanks
  • B.Sc. Food & Nutrition, M.Sc. Food & Nutrition
    Goals and attitudes:

    Compared with previous attempts, how motivated to lose weight are you this time? score 1 for not at all, 2 slightly, 3 somewhat, 4 quite, 5 extremely 

    How certain are you that you will stay committed to a weight loss program for the time it will take to reach your goal?
    score 1 for cannot, 2 can somewhat, 3 uncertain, 4 can tolerate well, 5 can easily

    Consider all outside stress in your life (work, family obligations, etc.) to what extent can you tolerate the effort required to stick to a diet?
    score 1 for very unrealistic, 2 somewhat unrealistic, 3 moderately unrealistic, 4 somewhat realistic, 5 very realistic

    Think honestly about how much weight you hope to lose and how quickly you hope to lose it. Figuring a weight loss of. 5kg to 1 kg per week, how realistic is your expectation?
    score 1 for always, 2 frequently, 3 occasionally, 4 rarely, 5 never.

    While dieting, do you fantasize about eating a lot of your favorite foods?
    score 1 for not at all, 2 slightly, 3 somewhat, 4 quite, 5 extremely

    While dieting, do you feel deprived, angry, or upset?
    score 1 for not at all, 2 slightly, 3 somewhat, 4 quite, 5 extremely

    Scored 6 to 16 - not a good time to diet; inadequate motivation and commitment and unrealistic goals can get in your way

    Scored 17 to 23 - think about ways to boost your diet readiness before you begin

    Scored 24 to 30 - bingo, your path is clear.

    Hunger cues:
    When food is mentioned, do you want to eat even if not hungry? score 1 never, 2 rarely, 3 occasionally, 4 frequently, 5 always.

    Do you have trouble controlling your eating when your favorite foods are around the house? score 1 always, 2 frequently, 3 occasionally, 4 rarely, 5 never.

    How often do you eat because of physical hunger?
    score 1 never, 2 rarely, 3 occasionally, 4 frequently, 5 always.

    Scored 3 to 6 - try to control the attitudes that occasionally make you overeat

    Scored 7 to 9 - dieting will be easier if you try to resist external cues and eat only when you are physically hungry.

    Control overeating:
    Score 1 if you would eat much less, 2 if you would eat somewhat less, 3 if it would make no difference, 4 if you would eat somewhat more, and 5 if you would eat much more:

    Although you planned to skip lunch, you are talked into going out to eat.
    You go off your diet by eating a fattening, forbidden food.
    After faithfully following your diet you decide to test yourself by eating a %u201ctreat.%u201d

    Scored 3 to 7 - you recover rapidly from mistakes, but should get professional help if you often alternate between strict dieting and eating out of control
    Score 8 to 11 - you have a flexible, balanced program that is not disrupted by unplanned eating
    Score 12 to 15 - your reaction to problem-causing eating events can be improved.

    Binging and purging:
    Have you ever eaten lots of food rapidly and felt the eating was excessive and out of control?
    score 2 for yes, 0 for no.

    If yes, how often over the past year?
    score 1 for less than once a month, 2 about once a month, 3 a few times a month, 4 about once a week, 5 about 3 times a week, 6 daily:

    Have you ever purged to control your weight by using laxatives, diuretics, or induced vomitingscore 5 for yes, 0 for no.
    If yes, how often during the past year? score 1 for less than once a month, 2 about once a month, 3 a few times a month, 4 about once a week, 5 about 3 times a week, 6 daily:

    Scored 0 to 1 - binge eating and purging are not your problem
    Scored 2 to 11 - get professional help if these eating patterns arise more often
    Scored 12 to 19 %u2013 your potentially serious eating problem needs immediate professional attention.

    Emotional eating:
    For each of the next three questions, score 1 never, 2 rarely, 3 occasionally, 4 frequently, 5 always.

    Do you overeat when you feel anxious, depressed, angry or lonely?
    Do you celebrate feeling good by overeating?
    When things don%u2019t go well with others or on your job, do you eat more than you would like?

    Scored 3 to 8 - you don%u2019t seem to let emotions affect your eating
    Scored 9 to 11 - monitor your occasional tendency to eat in response to emotional highs and lows and find alternative activities
    Scored 12 to 15 - you need to find other ways than eating express your feelings.

    How often do you exercise?
    score 1 for never, 2 rarely, 3 occasionally, 4 somewhat, 5 frequently.

    How confident are you that you can exercise regularly?
    score 1 for not at all, 2 slightly, 3 somewhat, 4 highly, 5 completely.

    Do you have a negative or positive picture about exercise in your mind?
    score 1 for completely negative, 2 somewhat negative, 3 neutral, 4 somewhat positive, 5 completely positive.

    How sure are you that you can work regular exercise into your daily schedule?
    score 1 for not at all, 2 slightly, 3 somewhat, 4 quite, 5 extremely.

    Scored 4 to 10 - change attitudes that are blocking your way to regular exercise
    Scored 11 to 16 - to feel more positive about exercise, think of ways that are fun and fit your lifestyle
    Scored 17 to 20 - your path is clear to a more active life.

    In case of any diet/nutrition related query or to book an appointment with dt. Silky mahajan please send us a mail at info@foodsandnutrition. In or call on 080 6741 7780 (dial extension: 778).
       3 Thanks
  • B.Sc. Food & Nutrition, M.Sc. Food & Nutrition
    Discipline is the first step towards success:
    Self-discipline is a pattern of behavior where you choose to do what you know you should do, rather than what you want to do. It's the inner power that pushes you to get out of bed to exercise rather than sleeping in. When you are consistent in doing the things you know you should do, when you know you should do them, here are the benefits you will enjoy:

    You will achieve your goals. When you are consistent in doing the things you know you should do, your odds of achieving your goals will be dramatically increased. You self-esteem will soar. Every time you push yourself to do something you know you should do, you are building your self-esteem. People's respect for you will grow. This includes everyone from your spouse to your employer who witnesses your efforts.

    You will influence the lives of others. Every good and right thing you do, influences the lives of those who are watching and can have a ripple effect on future generations. You will see greater success in all areas of your life. Always remember, for every disciplined effort there is a multiple return. Think about it. You will enjoy a more rewarding and satisfying life.

    Set your target:
    This approach will allow you to get adjusted with your new routine as well. As your progress further & see the results with these small targets, automatically you feel confident can revise your target to achieve more. Now, interesting part is: how to set your target. For example, you weight is 60 kgs, height is 158 cm & age is 28 years. In this example your bmr should be 1400 kcal. If currently you are doing intensive exercise for at least 20 minutes 1 to 3 times per week then a rough estimate of the number of calories required per day based on your current activity level 1925 kcal/day.

    Based on this activity level, after subtracting 500 calories your new target (calories/day) would be 1425 which should result in roughly 500 gms of weight loss per week. Definitely if you increase your activity levels then you can expect more weight loss per week.

    Number of servings per day:
    It is essential to realize that not eating will only reduce your metabolism which will in turn hinder the process of losing weight. Instead eat 5-6 small meals a day which will keep your digestive system running thus it'll keep burning calories. Breakfast is the most important meal of the day and you must not skip it. You notice the days you skip breakfast you will tend to be more hungry all day. Make sure your breakfast is rich in insoluble fibers since they contain almost zero calories.

    Understanding portion size:
    Let's do the math here. Say you're asked to leave 25% of your food on the plate and just eat the rest. You need 2000 calories a day which means you'll be leaving around 500 the whole day. Now instead of leaving the food, serve yourself in a smaller plate. That way you can eat everything on your plate and you needn't worry about leaving a certain amount. This way you won't even realize when you burn those 500 calories! same way, you can set your target weight loss of calories per day and work your way accordingly.

    Watch out your drink:
    Diet sodas and fizzy drinks are filled with calories even though their advertisements state otherwise. When you drink diet soda's which contain artificial sweeteners these trick our body to think that we haven't consumed too many calories which in turn makes us eat more, thus consuming more calories than we already do. Similarly when you drink cup after cup of tea or coffee in the work place you’re drinking more calories than you can even comprehend. Thus it's better to drink water or green tea to keep your mouth busy and to ward off unnecessary calories.

    Start reading nutrition labels:
    Not only diet soda's, you must make sure you read and understand the nutrition labels of all processed products properly. It is essential to know what is going into your body and the subsequent effect it will have. Just because the cover might say its fat free doesn't make it totally true, you must read the nutrition label at the back and know what all the product really contains since there is enough margin for error allowed by the law in regard to trans fat, saturated fat etc. A lot of packets also provide information per cup serving or per 100 grams. In such cases it is essential to consider these values in terms of your consumption.

    *don't* skip meals:
    Firstly skipping meals could lead to a lot of weakness and fragility. Apart from that, skipping meals leads to a reduction in tor activity ie a key regulator of muscle growth cells. When you skip meals your muscle starts wasting away much faster than it normally would. The brain's exclusive fuel ie glucose is compromised within 4-6 hours of not eating. Basically the glucose stored in the liver as glycogen runs out during this time period. When blood glucose dips too low the liver converts glycogen into glucose and releases it into the blood. But if this has depleted due to lack of food, the body and brain eventually run less efficiently. This could cause major brain drain and will hinder your productivity.

    Exercise is the most important and easiest way to burn calories. If you have time restraints you could burn these calories while doing daily household work! cleaning the house for 2 hours or gardening for an hour and a half burns 500 calories. You could even get some exercise in while you take your kids out to play or when you walk your pet! if you can barely manage to get an hour's worth of free time join an aerobics, zumba or spinning class. They'll help you distress as well as burn off those calories without you even realizing how the time went by.

    Based on this activity level, after subtracting 500 calories your new target (calories/day) would be 1425 which should result in roughly 500 gms of weight loss per week. Definitely if you increase your activity levels then you can expect more weight loss per week.

    Balance is essential:
    You cannot completely stop eating. Nor can you stop eating carbs and fat's just to maintain a certain body weight. It's essential to eat every type of food, just in balanced proportions. Try eating more vegetables and salad instead of rice or roti's here it is important to remember you need both to maintain a healthy balanced diet, so you can't just skip the carbs. Another thing, you needn't give up on your taste buds completely! eat what you enjoy, just make sure you eat everything in a balance and you're good to go. It won't kill you to have a slice of pizza, or even satisfy your sweet tooth by having some dessert. Plus once you've had a little bit, you won't crave it anymore that instantly cuts down the possibility of overdosing on any unhealthy sin. Not only will you feel healthier and fitter, you'll also manage to imbibe somewhat of a healthy lifestyle.

    If you follow these small mantra's on a daily basis, in no time they'll seem totally natural to you. This way you need not make drastic changes in your routine, nor will you struggle with any eating disorder! it's a win-win situation. For more details and information you can check out our other blogs or even contact Dr. Silky mahajan for the same. Happy eating!

    In case of any diet/nutrition related query or to book an appointment with dt. Silky mahajan please send us a mail at info@foodsandnutrition. In or call on 080 6741 7780 (dial extension: 778).
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  • B.Sc. Food & Nutrition, M.Sc. Food & Nutrition
    Clean eating? check. Regular workouts? you got it. Calorie counting? well, yeah. Yet you can't lose weight? no matter how hard you try, the weighing scale just doesn't seem to reduce those double digits. It's like the fat in your body is refusing to leave, just like a clingy bf/gf. So we came up with a list to debunk the myths about losing weights. Here is a to-do and not-to-do list which will certainly help you achieve your target body weight.

    The first step is to control your carb and sugar intake. Don't fall for these zero calorie drinks and 1 g net carb bread. Even multi grain bread is just a fancy way of saying (or not saying- in this case) the bread contains carbs. It's all just a hoax. Be aware of what you're eating, portion size and don't just believe what's written on the label. Anyway after the whole maggi wave that shook up our country and its youth; it's time to be a little more aware about what is actually going inside your body. It's not possible to give up carbs completely, but try to have them in a balanced proportion. Processed foods and supposed diet sodas should be a total no-no. Did you know, if you replace a bottle of soda with water daily, you would easily lose up to 15 kgs in one year.

    Now that brings us to the second essential factor. Drink lots of water. Even when you decide to go on a detox or a cleanse, have lots of water and fiber rich foods. Loss of fluid without medical supervision is risky, but combining that with fasting is even worse. Make sure you have around 8-12 glasses of water a day! the reason behind this is that if you stop having water then the kidney slows down which increases the work load of the liver. If the liver is working too hard then it starts to store fat instead of burning it. You get what that leads to right.

    Third essential factor is sleep. A minimum of 7-8 hours a night is needed. Sleep deprivation cause's the release of cortisol i. E a fat storing hormone. The maximum amount of fat burning hormone is released during deep sleep! speaking of good habits, while you try to inculcate these it's time to let go of the bad habits. And that means alcohol, smoking and other such habits. Nicotine might be a weight suppressant substance but the withdrawal symptoms include major hunger binges. Alcohol is basically the refined juice of natural foods which basically makes it pure concentrated sugar. That will without doubt make you gain fat easily.

    It's a proven fact that breakfast skippers weigh more than those who eat breakfast. The worst thing to do while attempting to lose weight is to skip any meal. Those who skip a meal usually end up consuming more calories than those who eat all three meals. Breakfast is the most essential meal of the day and should never be missed! a good breakfast contains equal amounts of protein and fiber.

    Apart from this, don't over exercise but don't forget to have your daily dose of physical activity. Work on your will power skills to give up the dessert lover life and move towards healthy eating. Good eating habits and regular exercise are a lifestyle; not only to lose weight but also to remain fit and healthy!

    In case of any diet/nutrition related query or to book an appointment with dt. Silky mahajan please send us a mail at info@foodsandnutrition. In or call on 08067417780 (dial extension: 778)
  • B.Sc. Food & Nutrition, M.Sc. Food & Nutrition
    This must always be under control. Over eating is just unnecessary fat for the body and insufficient eating will cause your metabolism to slow down.

    Body goals:
    In your mind you must have a certain goal which you want to attain drop 10 kg's, beach body, fat stomach, bigger biceps they're all part of your body goals.

    Make sure your diet contains enough green leafy veggies, lean protein, carbohydrates and a certain amount of fat. Even the occasional dessert and cheat meal should be incorporated in your diet.

    No matter how often you eat right, how many hours of sleep you get and whether or not you count calories, until and unless your exercise daily you'll never be able to have a totally healthy lifestyle.

    The first step towards a long term healthy lifestyle is frequency. It takes 21 days to form a habit, after that it seems just natural. You need to be frequent and consistent to attain such long term goals.

    Green tea:
    It helps boost the metabolic rate, reduce the belly fat and can lower the risk of various diseases. Try to drink at least 3-5 cups of green tea every day. Plus its 0 calories, so what's the harm?

    Home food:
    This one's the best way to eat healthy and avoid junk food. By cooking at home you know exactly what you're eating and you're well aware of what nutrients go into your mouth. Plus it's the easiest way to maintain a balanced diet (since the balance is in your hands now)!

    You need inspiration to maintain long term success. It could be from apparent weight loss, from reading a book about healthy living or even by watching someone maintain a healthy lifestyle. This can't be done by mindlessly following some diet!

    Sometimes envying others might help you get the best results. When you envy someone for their clean eating habits or perfect body, you will probably want to achieve that yourself - which will be your biggest motivator for long term success.

    You will literally wake up one day and decide you want to start living a healthy lifestyle! it's time to kick start everyday towards making these healthy changes.

    Losing weight safely:
    Who doesn't want to shed 5 kgs in a month? but you can't do this by starving yourself or going on a detox where you just eat fruits and drink water! that's totally unhealthy. It is essential to let your weight loss journey take its time, so that you have long lasting results.

    Mental health:
    Mental and physical health goes hand in hand. It is important that you focus on strengthening your mind as well, not only you body. Falls in metal health will eventually affect your physical health as well!

    From carbs to protein to minerals, each and every nutrient is essential for maintaining a healthy diet as well as to perform normal bodily functions. Eating everything in the right proportion will promote a long lasting healthy lifestyle.

    Observe what changes you are making, divide them into healthy and unhealthy changes and then continue with only the healthy changes. Your observation skills will help you get rid of the unnecessary and unhealthy changes instantly.

    You need to promise yourself you're going to stick to this new lifestyle no matter how hard it gets! promise yourself to eat healthier every day, to exercise a little more everyday and definitely promise yourself to stay away from the unhealthy goodies!

    It's important to quit the bad habits! binge drinking, smoking, stress eating and all these others habits aren't going to help you maintain a healthy lifestyle.

    Raw foods:
    Raw foods are the best form of food you can get! they help prevent diseases, give your body a lot of energy and contain essential vitamins and minerals.

    Sleeping for 6-8 hours every night is a requirement for proper body function! it's the time your body needs to recuperate, repair your muscles and even improves your mood. Exercise and good eating are useless without sufficient sleep.

    Tips like these will really help and motivate your to manage a long term successful healthy lifestyle. Take tips from experts, from dietitians and even from people you look up to for inspiration you never know which trip does the trick.

    You need to understand what your body needs, how much weight you need to gain/lose to be fit (not skinny, not thin- but fit) and how often you should exercise. It is important to understand nutritional facts on packaged items and what goes into your body. Understanding is essential for better results!

    Yes lean protein and meats are important, but you can't have a balanced diet unless you're eating enough green leafy vegetables. Incorporate them in every meal!

    Weight cannot be defined as per your weighing scale or bmi. Your focus cannot be how can I lose weight you need to focus on how you can continue with your healthy lifestyle.

    Xtreme activities:
    Go for extreme activity classes like zumba, cross fit, army circuit training, power yoga and other such high intensity activities! it's a good change from your usual workout and will probably have more effective results.

    From increased flexibility to increased strength, from meditating to improving bone health; yoga has all round benefits which are only going to improve your lifestyle.

    Zero dieting policy:
    You cannot diet (and I mean not eating at all) to lose weight and look thin. Starving and minimal eating doesn't help you to maintain a long term healthy lifestyle. Your diet must be full of rich foods.

    In case of any diet/nutrition related query or to book an appointment with dt. Silky mahajan please send us a mail at info@foodsandnutrition. In or call on 08067417780 (dial extension: 778)
  • MBBS, DNB (General Medicine)
    Cholesterol is a vital component, which helps the body to make healthy cells. This wax like component is found in the lipid of the blood. An increased cholesterol count elevates the risk of heart diseases in a person. It thickens the vessels of the arteries resulting in less oxygen flow in the heart. This, in turn, increases the chances of a stroke. High cholesterol can happen from lifestyle habits and inheritance. It is completely treatable and preventable.

    What causes high cholesterol?
    The blood carries the cholesterol which is attached to the proteins. The combination of cholesterol and protein is known as the lipoprotein. Primarily there are two different kinds of cholesterol that the lipoprotein carries:

    Low-density lipoprotein: LDL is the bad guy that carries all kinds of cholesterol present in the body. It eventually rests on the walls of the arteries, making it narrow and hard.
    High-density lipoprotein: This is the good guy which scans the excess cholesterol and take them back to the liver.

    Ideally, the body should have low LDL and high HDL. But often the reverse happens, resulting in high cholesterol and cardiac diseases. Factors such as unhealthy diet, inactivity for most of the day and obesity is responsible for the same. Even the genetic set up can play a hand in a high count of LDL in the body. There is nothing that can be done in this case except to seek medical help.

    6 factors that put you at risk:

    Poor diet: Cholesterol levels are dramatically increased when baked products and saturated fats are consumed in an excess amount. Other high cholesterol food products include dairy products, processed fats and red meat. Refraining from this food items will drastically reduce the chances of getting high cholesterol in the body.
    Obesity: Obesity results from too much of fat storage in the body. It not only fatigues a person faster, but puts a person at high risk of getting cholesterol. The body mass index should be always lesser than 30 to abstain the risk of cholesterol.
    Waist circumference: A waist circumference of more than 40 inches in men and 35 inches in women can increase the risk of cholesterol.
    Diabetes: This is one of the major causes of high cholesterol. It not only damages the artery lining, but results in higher LDL and lower HDL.
    Less workout: Leading a life which is devoid of exercise and jogging can increase the chances of getting high cholesterol. Exercise boost HDL count in the body and mitigates the risk of low HDL.
    Smoking: The blood vessel walls get damaged with smoking. The blood vessels start accumulating fatty acids thereby increasing the chances of getting high cholesterol.
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  • BPTh/BPT
    Exercising outdoors is fun and refreshing in its own way. An early morning jog or doing pull ups on the goal post are fun ways of working out. Summers are usually the best time to take your workouts outside, as it decreases stress levels and revitalizes your body. It is also a good method to increase vitamin D levels in the body as the body is exposed to the sun.

    In spite of this, there are some disadvantages of taking your workout outside. Let's focus on them:

    1.Chances of accidents go up
    It is very common to see people jogging on the road with their headphones plugged in. Incidents of joggers being hit by cars are fairly common, due to the fact that they are unable to hear the honking of a car or may change course along the road without realizing a vehicle is nearby.

    2.Too much exposure to the sun
    Long distance runners are mostly affected as they log plenty of miles. This can lead to ultraviolet ray exposure which increases the risk of skin cancer. It can also lead to sunburns and tanning of the skin. It is also known to suppress immune system and increase the risk of various infectious diseases.

    3.Injury problems
    Working outdoors increases your chances of injuries. Running on hard surfaces tends to cause damage your calf, hamstrings and thighs. It can put more stress on your knee, calf and cause various problems such as runner's knee and shin splints.

    4.Difficult to find Help
    If you suffer from a serious injury while exercising outside, then it may be difficult to find help. If you injure a joint and are unable to walk, then it may be a problem in getting you proper treatment. This delay in treatment may cause the injury to aggravate.
       3589 Thanks
  • BHMS
    One should think logical and practically before jumping into unknown terrains. It's always better to know your body and it's nature as each individual is born with a unique identity (due to the role played by genetics).

    The metabolic rate differs from person to person and so there cannot be a one plan that fits all regarding weight loss or weight gain.

    Some important points to be noted.

    Always check with your physician and see that you are fit to reduce or gain weight.

    Infact it very important to confirm that you are overweight or underweight before you start anything!

    See that you do not suffer from thyroid problems, diabetes or hypertension or any other illnesses.

    Ensure that any change in lifestyle (including dieting and exercising) is comfortable for you and does not cause pain or discomfort.

    There are no short cuts for success. It can be dangerous to use supplements or steroids, or even thinking of starvation or avoiding a particular nutrient in order to achieve fast results.

    Use common-sense in taking important decisions. If some body promises miraculous changes without a scientific basis and that too in a short period if time, be aware! it can cause more damage than the promised benefits in the future.

    Always stick to a balanced diet as the body requires all the nutrients.

    Always include exercise whether it's weight loss or weight gain.

    Always prefer natural ingredients over artificial ones.

    Keep good hydration (your thirst should be the best indicator). When you are thirsty please drink plain and clean water and nothing else. An average of 8-10 glasses of water would be sufficient. If you are active and do workouts (exercise) then you can increase a few more glasses of water.

    Avoid all junk food, fried food, very salty food, ready-made juices, sodas (cold drinks) tobacco and alcohol.
    Eat freshly prepared food only. Have green salads, sprouts, whole grains (all types of grains), pulses, seeds, nuts, fruits and vegetables so that there is a good portion of all the nutrients in your diet.

    Keep a track of your progress. Keep checking the vital parameters once in a week so that you are safe and healthy. And enjoy the process of transformation which should be slow and study. You should remember that it's not a competition with anybody but a conscious decision to stay fit and healthy which should make you happy and motivated.
       1 Thanks
  • Masters Of Science In Dietetics And Food Service Management Msc. (DFSM), Certified Diabetes Educator (CDE), Advanced Clinical Nutrition Program, Post Graduate Diploma In Clinical Nutrition And Dietetics PGD, Bachelors Degree In Applied Nutrition Bhsc
    World osteoporosis day 20 October 2016
    Osteoporosis is a medical condition in which the bones become brittle and start thinning due to the loss of tissues. Doctors advise food rich in calcium, vitamin d and vitamin c to help maintain healthy bones as well as to reduce the risk of this condition. Regular muscle-strengthening exercises are also helpful in preventing osteoporosis. According to recent studies, the following foods help prevent osteoporosis and relieve painful symptoms.

    It is no big surprise that the superstar of foods for osteoporosis is milk. Milk brims with bone strengthening calcium which is a crucial nutrient for healthy bones. Milk is packed with vitamin d, which is important for the absorption of calcium in the body, improves bone health and also boosts the immune system. If you are worried about the weight gain factor, go for low-fat or skimmed milk.

    A perfect osteoporosis diet should always include fish as it is an impeccable source of calcium. Fish, especially salmon is packed with vitamin d, an important nutrient which helps the body absorb and process calcium. Sardines are also a rich source of calcium. The calcium in fish helps maintain bone mass and also maintain bone structure.

    Almonds are a great source of vitamin e, manganese, calcium and riboflavin, and are an inseparable part of the osteoporosis diet plan. It supports bone health in many ways. Almonds are a chock-full of essential nutrients that help build strong and healthy bones. For people suffering from osteoporosis, it is must to incorporate a handful of almonds in their daily diet plan.

    An ideal diet for osteoporosis is never complete without eggs. Eggs are packed with vitamin d, vitamin k, vitamin e, vitamin a, phosphorous, folate and selenium. They are one of the best natural sources of protein which protects our bones and promotes healthy hair and nails. The phosphorous in the eggs is an important component for healthy bones and aid in strong bone formation.

    Yogurt is one of the most noted food items that can be incorporated in your diet to reduce the problems of osteoporosis. Yogurt is a milk product and is a great source of animal protein. It also contains several other nutrients like calcium, potassium, vitamin b2, vitamin 12, vitamin d and magnesium. In women, during their menopause, there is a notable deceases in the estrogen levels which in turn can cause thinning of bones, yogurt restores the estrogen levels and ensures bone health.

    Bananas are very nutritious fruits and one of the most effective foods to prevent osteoporosis. One of the main reasons to incorporate bananas into the osteoporosis diet plan is its high potassium content. Regular intake of banana helps the body to absorb calcium and other essential bone healthy nutrients that ensure bone health and lowers the risk of osteoporosis.

    Cabbage is one of the best foods for osteoporosis and ensures strong, healthy bones. It is a great source of fiber, vitamin b6, vitamin d, folate, iron, magnesium, calcium and potassium. Folate plays a pivotal role in carrying out many bodily functions like bone repair and bone maintenance. Cabbage also helps in the process of bone metabolism.

    Original contents of article written by #dietician#geetanjaliahujamengi#mumbai#gmnclinic#dietexpert
  • Masters in Dietetics and Food Service Management -, B.Sc.- Dietitics / Nutrition -, Reebok Instructor Course
    Breakfast is considered the most important meal of the day, no matter which culture you belong to. The age old saying goes that you should have breakfast like a king, lunch like a prince and dinner like a pauper. Let's look at some of the menu items, which are not considered ideal for breakfast menus on a regular basis along with a few others which are.

    Some of the unhealthiest breakfast foods:

    Chole bhatture or oily pooris: These are favorite items within Indian breakfast menus. However, they are full of oil and saturated fats. Apart from contributing to diabetes and blood pressure, bloating, acidity, and heartburn are also common side effects.
    Pakoras, samosas or kachoris: Common items which are included in many breakfast and snack menus, these oily fries are major contributors to bad cholesterol, reduce good cholesterol and is are major contributors to obesity.
    Sugary cereals: While plain corn flakes are good, sugary cereals have processed sugar and are a no-no for breakfast items as they could cause elevated blood glucose levels and thus cause a host of problems.
    Medu vada: While having a medu vada once or twice is alright, having it as a daily breakfast item will add a lot of oil to your diet and so, should be avoided.
    Bakery items: Many bakery items such as doughnut, Tiffin cakes, and sweet breads usually tend to have a lot of processed sugar, refined flour and additives which can be harmful to your health.

    Some healthy breakfast foods:

    Idli: This is a staple breakfast item in southern India and is very healthy as it is prepared by steaming rice mixes. However, reduce spicy chutneys or side dishes while consuming idlis as they can be quite bad for health.
    Upma: Another export of the south, upma is now loved all over India and the world. Made with suji or rawa and very little oil, this is a great and filling breakfast alternative.
    Poha or Chivra pulao: Made from flattened rice flakes, poha, also known as chivda pulao, is a great healthy alternative and should be incorporated in breakfast diets.
    Indian veg sandwiches: As long as the bread is whole wheat, this is a very healthy option as it is usually made with vegetables like tomatoes, cucumbers and potatoes and also has chutney as the dressing.
    Dosa: Another great option from southern India, this is a great breakfast food if the sambar and accompanying dishes are cooked in less oil and have fewer spices.
    Khakra: This dish which comes from Gujarat is also a great breakfast item and can also become a low calorie snack for cravings in between meals.
       7047 Thanks
  • Bachelors Of Physiotherapy, Diploma in Nutrition and Health Education
    From an early age we re taught that alcohol is bad for us, but is that really true? Drinking yourself silly every night can have disastrous consequences, but having one drink a day is associated with a number of health benefits. The key here is moderation. Moderate drinking can be defined as one drink a day for women and two drinks a day for men. This is a daily quote system and not to be taken as an average over time.

    Here are a few ways your body can benefit from the occasional drink:

    It boosts cardiovascular health: Many types of alcohol are rich in phenols. This helps fight stress, reduces the risk of hypertension and can protect the heart against a number of cardiovascular conditions. Moderate amounts of alcohol can also increase the amount of good cholesterol in the body and influence the clotting of blood. Higher levels of cholesterol help protect against heart diseases while by influencing the blood clotting process, alcohol can indirectly help prevent the formation of blood clots in the arteries.
    It slows aging: Some types of alcohol like wine are rich in antioxidants. This helps flush toxins out of the body and can slow down the aging process. An antioxidant called resveratrol that is found in red wine can even increase the lifespan of cells and activate enzymes that slow down the aging process. It is also said to increase DNA stability thus extending a person s lifespan.
    It can help fight diseases: Alcohol is said to lower the risk of catching a cold. A warm drink like brandy can also be used to treat sore throats and a cough. Tonic water contains quinine that is anti inflammatory and has analgesic properties. Though medication for malaria is now easily available, tonic water can be used to treat the initial phase of the disease if proper medication is not available.
    It enhances your libido: Excessive drinking can dampen your sex drive, but when consumed in moderation, alcohol can lower the risk of erectile dysfunction. Moderate amounts of alcohol also help lower inhibitions and thus encourage people to form sexual relationships.
    It improves cognitive ability: Almost all forms of alcohol contain ethanol that helps neurons resist wear and tear. This can lower a person s risk of suffering from Alzheimer s or dementia later in life. It can also enhance problem solving abilities and encourage creativity.

    All of the above benefits are applicable only if alcohol is consumed in moderation. Thus do not use them to binge drink.
       8246 Thanks
  • MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS, DGO
    Vulvar cancer is an invasive and cancerous growth, which occurs in the vulva (the external vaginal or reproductive tract opening in females). The main types of vulvar cancer include:
    1. Squamous cell carcinoma: This condition gives rise to abnormal growths that generally originate from the most common forms of skin cells known as squamous cells. They are characterized by open sores, scaly red patches, elevated growths with a depression in the centre or warts which might crust or bleed. They can cause disfiguring and sometimes can prove to be fatal if their growth is allowed.

    2. Melanoma: This is a form of cancer that is known to develop cells that contain pigment called melanocytes. It is one of the most dangerous forms of cancer and is more commonly found in women.

    3. Basal cell carcinoma: Basal cell carcinoma contributes to around 1 - 2% of vulvar cancer. This form of cancer tends to be slow-growing lesions on the labia majora (external large vulvar folds), but is capable of occurring anywhere else on the vulva. The behaviour bears resemblance to basal cell cancers that occur in other locations. Their growth is local and the risk of deep invasion or metastasis (spreading of the cancer) is low. Treatment of basal cell carcinoma involves excision. However, these types of lesions tend to recur if they are not removed completely.

    Symptoms of vulvar cancer include:
    1. Itching, bleeding or burning sensation on the vulva that is not relieved.
    2. Occurrence of skin changes such as rashes or warts, on the vulva.
    3. Pain in pelvis, particularly during sex or urination.
    4. Changes in skin colour of the vulva (abnormally red or white).
    5. Lumps, ulcers or sores that occur on the vulva which do not subside

    Treatment options of vulvar cancer include:
    1. Surgery: This is the most common form of treatment wherein, the cancer is removed without affecting the sexual function of the woman. Some of the surgical procedures include:
    i. Laser Surgery
    ii. Wide local excision (small portion of the cancerous tissue)
    iii. Radical local excision (removing a major portion of benign tissues as well)
    iv. Ultrasonic surgical aspiration (tumour is broken into small pieces using fine vibrations)
    v. Vulvectomy (removal of all or part of vulva)

    2. Radiation Therapy: This treatment procedure involves using radiations such as X-rays to target and destroy the cancer cells. The two forms of radiation therapy are external radiation therapy and internal radiation therapy.

    3. Chemotherapy: This form of treatment uses oral administration or injection of chemicals into the veins so that the growth of cancerous cells is stopped, either by elimination of the cells or by prohibiting cell division.
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