Anaswara,Keezhcherimel, Chengannur in Chengannur - Book Appointment, View Contact Number, Feedbacks, Address | Dr. Sajeev Kumar

Anaswara,Keezhcherimel, Chengannur

Child Psychologist, Counselling Psychologist, General Physician, Multi Speciality, Pediatrician
14 Recommendations
Practice Statement
Our goal is to offer our patients, and all our community the most affordable, trustworthy and professional service to ensure your best health.

More about Anaswara,Keezhcherimel, Chengannur

Anaswara,Keezhcherimel, Chengannur is known for housing experienced s. Dr. Sajeev Kumar, a well-reputed General Physician, Multi Speciality, Pediatrician, Child Psychologist, Counselling Psychologist , practices in Chengannur. Visit this medical health centre for s recommended by 71 patients.

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Clinic Address
Chengannur, Kerala - 689121
Details for Dr. Sajeev Kumar
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Professional Memberships
Indian Academy of Paediatrics
Indian Medical Association (IMA)
Past Experience
Family Physician Paediatrician certified student counsellor at Anaswara
  • M.B.B.S, D.C.H, C.S.C
    General Physician, Multi Speciality, Pediatrician, Child Psychologist, Counselling Psychologist
    Consultation Charges: Rs 200
    14 Recommendations · 15384 people helped
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  • C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
    General Physician
    Polio is a virus that has the potential to infect any parts of the body including, but not limited to nerves and muscles. Primarily there are 3 types of polio namely, non-paralytic, spinal paralytic and bulbar. This disease shows minimal to no symptoms in more than 90 percent of the cases. 5 percent of the cases can show symptoms such as nausea, diarrhea, vomiting, sore throat and abdominal pain. Polio is a communicable disease and can cause massive damage if a proper dosage is not taken. It can spread through air, physical contact with an infected person, coughs etc.

    Polio can cause paralysis: Polio has a far-reaching permanent effect on the body. It can cause paralysis on any of the limbs leading to permanent disability. This severely alters a child s life. The far-reaching consequences of the virus can only be negated through vaccination.
    Weak muscle: Polio can result in weak muscles, respiratory problems and loss of reflex. If the breathing muscle collapses, it can result in the death of a person. Any of the above-mentioned symptoms can lead to weak body development altering the fate of a child.
    It can spread fast and quick: Polio spreads very fast through the air, physical contact, saliva and water. It not only affects a single life but put millions at risk of the disease. A 1916 outbreak of the disease killed 6000 people in the United States and left several thousands of people disabled.
    It reduces the risk of infection: 3 dosages Polio vaccination under the age of 6 can save a baby from getting polio in future. The body successfully creates polio antibodies from the vaccines and gets enough ammunition to fight it if the virus attacks it in future.
    Social responsibility: Massive amount of awareness campaigns have been run by countries all over the world to permanently eradicate polio from the face of the earth. As per the latest reports, only 3 countries are reported to have babies affected with polio; Afghanistan, Pakistan and Congo. It is, therefore, a social responsibility to take part in the mission of removing polio from the face of the earth once and for all.
    Save future generation: Although polio is not known to be a disease which passes through heredity, there still lies a chance for the future generation to get this disease. In order to negate that from happening, it makes sense to get the vaccines on time.
    Give your kid a head start: Every kid deserves to have an equal amount of privileges like others. One small mistake on part of the parents can heavily cost a child s future. In order to make sure your kids grow up with any apprehension of polio, it is very important to treat them with polio vaccines.
       2871 Thanks
  • C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
    General Physician
    Iron is definitely one of the most important ingredients and nutrients that we require. Most of the health problems in the world are caused due to iron deficiency, including low immunity and anaemia, among many others. The lack of iron can lead to a variety of development delays and can also affect the haemoglobin levels in the blood which gives rise to symptoms like dizzy spells and fatigue.

    So what are the underrated facts about iron that we need to know? Read on to know more!

    1. Transport of Oxygen: Iron is credited with the transport of oxygen within the human body. It is a well known fact that all the cells, atoms and tissues in our body need oxygen, in order to grow and maintain livelihood. The red blood cells in our body are a good source of this oxygen as they contain an iron rich protein called haemoglobin. This element is what takes the oxygen which is later released in a more targeted manner. While two grams of oxygen can exist in the cells at any given point, this supply can diminish if the dietary iron intake reduces which can lead to a condition called anaemia.

    2. Production of Energy: Iron is also an element that helps in the metabolism, which has great implications for the various organs and muscles of the human body. The cells of our body are known to burn these calories in the diet so as to create energy which activates these organs. If the iron resources become low in these cells, then the process does not take place in a proper manner, which can lead to symptoms like fatigue before the organ functionality gets compromised.

    3. Iron Rich Food: The kind of foods and materials contain iron include legumes, lentils, fish, tofu, seafood, pork, soybeans, liver, green vegetables like spinach and ladies fingers, raisins, strawberries, and other fortified food like cereals. It is a well known fact that plant foods tend to contain lower levels of iron as compared to animal foods like red meat. Also, there are many spices that are rich in iron including cumin and cardamom, which can be used on a daily basis to pepper your salads and stir fry preparations.

    4. Cooking and Storage: Iron usually gets sucked out of food when the food is cooked for long or processed and packaged under highly intense condition or with excessive salt additives. Also, when you cook plant sources too much, then the iron can escape by way of the water that it leaves, which evaporates.

    Find out a good way to bring iron into your diet, but remember that too much of iron can also lead to toxicity.
       5118 Thanks
  • C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
    General Physician
    Sleep is the best reliever of all stress and physical pain. Not only is it important to get sleep, but also to sleep soundly and without any disturbance. The quality matters. Here are a few tips to get better sleep:
    1. It is important to maintain the same sleep schedule every single day. This helps to naturalize your body clock and get the best quality sleep.
    2. Switch off all mobile phones, laptops and other electronic devices. Their artificial glow not only hampers your eyesight, but also prolongs the amount of time your body takes to relax and fall off to sleep.
    3. If your back pain causes you to continually wake up in the middle of the night in discomfort, then sleep with a pillow or cushion between your legs so as to straighten out your back and relieve pent up stress.
    4. The importance of your pillow can never be stressed upon enough. Your pillow should be not too fat, hard or soft. It should just about support the natural curve of your neck, so that it is perfectly aligned with the centre of your body. Correct sleeping postures are extremely important.
    5. Make sure your room is nice and dark so as to stimulate the secretion of a hormone called melatonin that is regulated by light exposure. Darker the room, greater melatonin, making you more sleepy.
    6. Those who exercise regularly and well are known to be fitful sleepers. Exercise well before bedtime. If required, do some light yoga or stretching exercises that promote sleep.
    7. What you eat throughout the day makes a difference to the quality of your sleep. Stay away from too much caffeine, alcohol, or a heavy meal just before sleeping. They only make you stay awake for longer and may cause heartburn or stomach trouble. Don't drink too much water, or else you will be making more midnight trips to the bathroom than clocking those sleep hours.
    8. Try to keep your head clear of all worries and stress when in bed. Regular meditation and deep breathing can help.
    There is no end to all the things you can do to sleep well and comfortably. It is important to be self-disciplined to sleep well and hence be a healthy individual.
       3737 Thanks
  • C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
    General Physician
    It's impossible to tickle ourselves. The reason is the brain's cerebellum, which is responsible for predicting our body's movement. And in the case of tickling oneself it controls how our sensations are processed. The intensity that we feel when we tickle ourselves is not the same that we would experience when done by somebody else. Thus instead of writhing with discomfort or pleasure, we are calm.

    Would you like to share this interesting fact with family or friends? go ahead and share!
       481 Thanks
  • C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
    General Physician
    Taste receptors are not only found in the intestines but also in the brain. Researchers have discovered the presence of sweet taste receptors in the hypothalamus.

    Would you like to share this interesting fact with family or friends? Go ahead and share!
       472 Thanks
  • C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
    General Physician
    A flu shot can prevent a heart attack! here?s how.

    Every year, heart diseases become a major reason of death all over the world. But did you know that a simple vaccine like a flu shot can be instrumental in saving you from a heart attack?

    Read on to find how this simple vaccine can save your life.

    Influenza or flu has been linked with heart diseases for long and patients suffering from these diseases are always advised to be cautious in the flu season to reduce the risk of heart attacks. The ?journal of the american medical association? recently published a study, which revealed that people who have already observed symptoms of heart diseases in them, can diminish their chances of getting a heart attack and stroke by opting to get a flu shot. Among the 6735 participants of the study, 50% were given flu shots. The results observed declared that there was 36% less chance of heart diseases and stroke resulting in death in people who had received this vaccine. Moreover, recent sufferers of a heart attack were proved to be at 55% reduced threat of experiencing another major heart problem after taking the shot.

    How can the flu vaccine reduce the risk of a heart attack?

    The flu vaccine works towards strengthening your immune system, and thereby decreasing the risks of a potential stroke.

    One theory suggests that if a person is suffering from flu, he/she experiences an increased heart rate, elevated body temperature and augmented oxygen content of the blood, besides an alteration in the consistency in blood, which can give rise to a blood clot. Now, heart attack is mostly caused when an artery of a person is 85-90 per cent blocked by plaque, but a person having flu may be at a risk of getting it merely with 40 per cent artery blockage. The function of the flu shot is to prevent flu, which in turn prevents plaque build up in your body, thereby reducing chances of a heart attack.

    Another hypothesis is that the flu shot intervenes with the functioning of the immune system of your body, and helps in developing antibodies, which provide better protection against different types of infections, thus preventing heart attacks and strokes.

    If you would like to consult with me privately, please click on 'consult'.
       15 Thanks
  • C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
    General Physician
    7 healthy habits to maximize your productivity every day

    1.Start your day the night before. Make sure that you know what is on your calendar for the next day. Get anything you need in the morning set aside and ready at night.

    2. Move first thing. Getting out of bed and making your body move gets the blood flowing and the brain synapses connecting again. Go for a walk or a gym.

    3.Tame your brain. Meditation or mindfulness practice is an essential workout for your head. It only takes 10 to 20 minutes in the morning to adopt a practice that can really help you effectively manage your day, and your life.

    4. Get help with staying organized. To be efficient, you need to be organized.

    5.Remember to eat. Don’t skip meals. Eat healthy. Your body and your brain need fuel.

    6.Batch your time. Time batching is an efficient way to get some uninterrupted productivity time Keep aside 1-2 hours to problem solve, think, brainstorm and otherwise handle the work you need to do without being disturbed.

    7.Disconnect from work. When you leave work in the evening, try to disconnect from work. Give time to your family.

    You can consult me privately in cs you need any help
       1 Thanks
  • C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
    General Physician

    • Curb portions: Always order for one if you are two people and if you are alone set aside some of what is on your plate to bring home.
    • Resist refined carbohydrates.
    • Load your plate with colorful choices at the salad bar with vegetables, fruits, and small amounts of lean protein. Skip the creamy dressings.
    • Choose dishes that are grilled, roasted, steamed, or sautéed.
    • Don’t be afraid to request a salad, vegetables, or fruit instead of starchy side dishes.
    • In non–vegetarian food, order only fish or seafood.
    • If you decide to have dessert, share it with your dining companion(s).
       141 Thanks
  • C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
    General Physician
    • Women must keep their abdominal circumference lower than 80 cm and men 90 cm
    • Keep your fasting sugar lower than 80 mg %.
    • Keep your blood pressure lower than 80 mm Hg.
    • Keep your heart rate lower than 80 per minute.
    • Keep your bad LDL cholesterol lower than 80 mg %.
    • Do not consume more than 80 grams of caloric solid or liquid food at once.
    • Observe a carbohydrate fast 80 days a year.
    • Do not consume alcohol and if you do, restrict it to not more than 80 ml in a day or 80 grams in a week.
    • Consume at least 80 fruits and vegetables servings in a week.
    • Do not consume more than 80 ml/gram of ghee, oil and butter in a week.
    • Ensure to sit out in the sun for at least 80 days in a year to fulfill the body’s requirement of vitamin D
    • Walk for 80 minutes in a day.
    • Brisk walk for 80 minutes in a week.
    • Keep noise pollution less than 80 dB.
    • Avoid areas where the Particulate Matter 2.5 and PM 10 levels are higher than 80
  • C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
    General Physician
    Sitting for three hours per day or longer may reduce an individual’s life expectancy. A study calculated that limiting the time people spend sitting to 3 hours or fewer each day would increase the life expectancy of the population by two years. Cutting down TV watching to fewer than two hours each day would bump life expectancy up by another 1.4 years.

    When you are sitting, your leg muscles (the largest in the body) are completely inactive, which causes problems with how you handle your blood sugar and how you handle cholesterol.
  • C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
    General Physician
    Diwali can be hazardous to people. Some of these hazards are as below:

    Candles: with diwali approaching, one should be careful of candle pollution. Candles made from beeswax or soy, although more expensive, apparently are safer because they do not release potentially harmful pollutants. However an occasional paraffin candle and its emissions does not harm but lighting many paraffin candles daily or lighting them frequently in an unventilated bathroom around a tub, may cause problems. Pollutants from burning candles can also cause respiratory irritation and allergy. The candles, which are made from petroleum, are a source of known human carcinogens and indoor pollution.

    Diwali sweets: white sugar in sweets can lead to uncontrolled diabetes and gain weight in individuals. Adulterated khoya can cause gi upset. Artificial coloring in sweets can cause cancer in long run. Eating chocolates can add to calories in blood sugar. The best items for diwali are fruits and dry fruits.

    Diwali fire hazards: diwali should not lead to fire with resultant burns and loss to life. If burn injury occurs, the affected part should be put in the running water till burning disappears. Blisters should not be punctured, as they work like a natural dressing.

    Eye injury: particle of crackers can cause eye burn. Continuous water should be poured into the affected eye till the burning is over.

    Safe dressing: if medicated bandage is not available, iron a clean piece of cloth, it will work like a medicated bandage.

    Alcohol hazards: diwali is often used as a festival of gambling and drinking alcohol. Avoid driving after consuming more than 30 ml of alcohol in one hour. While gambling one should not argue with others as someone under the influence of alcohol may cause harm.

    Diwali pollution: patients with copd may worsen during; they should cover their mouth and nose with wet cloth, when they are exposed to smoke.

    Noise pollution: excessive noise pollution during diwali day can cause hearing loss. Wear ear plugs to avoid noise-related ear injury. Noise pollution can also cause high blood pressure and mental irritation.
  • C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
    General Physician
    A planned program of walking is good for people with blockage of leg blood vessels called peripheral arterial disease (pad). Normally when there is pain in the calf muscles in the leg on walking, the usual tendency is to rest and not walk. A study of 156 people with pad published in jama showed that regular six-minute walks on a treadmill improved their endurance and quality of life. The study examined patients with symptoms and without symptoms. Over the six months of the study, the participants who did their regular six-minute treadmill walks increased their walking distance by about 69 feet, while those who did not walk regularly saw a decrease of 49 feet.

    There is the potential for greater oxygen extraction from the blood under maximum exercise conditions. The muscles can make better use of blood flow and the oxygen release that comes from it.

    Such exercise leads to improvement in" collateral circulation" i. E. Growth in the number of blood vessels supplying the legs. Clinicians should urge all pad patients, whether or not they have symptoms, to engage in a regular, supervised exercise program.

    Walking is a standard recommendation for people with pad. A recommended regimen is a 40-minute walk three times a week for at least six months. Persistent leg pain is an indication that help is needed. In the absence of that symptom, physicians can test for pad by measuring the difference in blood pressure between an ankle and an arm.
  • C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
    General Physician
    Women are not diagnosed or treated as aggressively as men. Even though more women than men die of heart disease each year, women receive only 33% of all angioplasties, stents and bypass surgeries; 28% of implantable defibrillators and 36% of open-heart surgeries, according to the National Coalition for Women with Heart Disease. Although the traditional risk factors for coronary artery disease — such as high cholesterol, high blood pressure and obesity — have a detrimental impact in men and women, certain factors play a bigger role in the development of heart disease in women.

    1. Metabolic syndrome — a combination of increased blood pressure, elevated blood glucose and triglycerides — has a greater impact on women than men.

    2. Mental stress and depression affect women's hearts more than they do men's.

    3. Smoking is much worse for women than men.

    4. A low level of estrogen before menopause is a significant risk factor for developing microvascular disease.

    5. Though women will often have some chest pain or discomfort, it may not be the most prominent symptom. Diffuse plaques build-up and diseased smaller arteries are two reasons why symptoms can be different in women.

    6. In addition to chest pain, pressure or discomfort, signs and symptoms of heart attack in women include: Neck, shoulder, upper back or abdominal discomfort, Shortness of breath, Nausea or vomiting, Sweating, Light-headedness or dizziness and unusual fatigue.

    7. Endothelial dysfunction is more common in women. In this the lining of the artery does not expand (dilate) properly to boost blood flow during activity, which increases the risk of coronary artery spasm and sudden death.

    8. WISE study results suggest that the commonly used treatments for coronary artery disease — angioplasty and stenting — are not the best option for women with more diffuse plaques.

    9. Typical tests for coronary artery disease — angiogram, treadmill testing and others — are not reliable in women.

    10. The WISE study showed that in some women, plaques accumulate as an evenly spread layer along artery walls, which is not visible using traditional testing methods.
       6 Thanks
  • C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
    General Physician
    Thorough washing and proper cooking of fruits and vegetables can eliminate most bacteria that cause food poisoning.

    Food-borne illnesses or food poisoning usually occurs due to eating food that is contaminated with bacteria or their toxins. Virus and parasites can also be cause food poisoning. People have known for long that raw meat, poultry and eggs can also harbor diseases causing microbes. But in recent years most outbreaks of food borne illnesses have been due to fresh fruits and vegetables.

    Food poisoning can cause abdominal pain, nausea, headache, fatigue, vomiting, diarrhea and dehydration. Symptoms may appear several hours to several days after eating tainted food. For example, salmonella bacteria will cause illness 12 hours to 3 days after ingestion lasting about 4-7 days.

    The most common way to treat food poisoning is to drink plenty of fluids. The sickness usually subsides within a few days.
  • C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
    General Physician
    Stress may be broadly defined as comprising of three components, namely a "known situation, interpretation of a situation and the physical and mental reaction to that interpretation of the situation".

    • Stress is a situation: There cannot be a stress without a situation. One cannot be stressed about some event occurring in USA without knowing the person or the situation. The situation requires familiarity with the particular sensory object (known situation).

    • Stress is an interpretation of a situation: Without interpretation, stress is not possible. The same situation can be interpreted differently by different people. A stimulus may be stressful to one but not to the other.

    • Stress is a physical and mental response to the interpretation of the situation: Stress manifests because of a chemical imbalance resulting due to sympathetic over-activity, which manifests as mental and or physical symptoms.

    Stress is the body’s physical and mental response to the interpretation of a situation. Management of stress, therefore, involves either changing the situation, changing the interpretation of the situation or making the body resistant to physical and mental changes in the situation.

    Practicing Patanjali’s eight limbs of yoga via living a yogic lifestyle, adhering to the various Dos and Don’ts in life as taught in various religious teachings, and learning to meditate helps our body to resist these sympathetic–activating changes and handle the stressful situation. These involve proper diet, exercise, meditation and relaxation exercises. Changing the interpretation of a situation involves counseling. Cognitive behavior therapy used in counseling is one such example. Change in interpretation requires deeper understanding of the problem and removal of the obstacles. This can be done by using Ganesha’s principles of stress management, Rosenburg’s Principle of Non–Violent Communication, or the principles of counseling from Bhagwad Gita. Change of the situation is the final resort for solving the problem, even though this may not be always possible. For example, in a dispute between husband and wife, divorce should be the last choice, after all counseling efforts have failed to resolve the issue.
  • C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
    General Physician
    Water is essential to good health, yet needs vary by individual. These guidelines can help ensure you drink enough fluids.

    How much water should you drink each day? It's a simple question with no easy answers. Studies have produced varying recommendations over the years, but in truth, your water needs depend on many factors, including your health, how active you are and where you live.

    Although no single formula fits everyone, knowing more about your body's need for fluids will help you estimate how much water to drink each day.

    Health benefits of water

    Functions of water in the body
    Water is your body's principal chemical component and makes up about 60 percent of your body weight. Every system in your body depends on water. For example, water flushes toxins out of vital organs, carries nutrients to your cells, and provides a moist environment for ear, nose and throat tissues.

    Lack of water can lead to dehydration, a condition that occurs when you don't have enough water in your body to carry out normal functions. Even mild dehydration can drain your energy and make you tired.

    How much water do you need?

    Every day you lose water through your breath, perspiration, urine and bowel movements. For your body to function properly, you must replenish its water supply by consuming beverages and foods that contain water.

    So how much fluid does the average, healthy adult living in a temperate climate need? The Institute of Medicine determined that an adequate intake (AI) for men is roughly about 13 cups (3 liters) of total beverages a day. The AI for women is about 9 cups (2.2 liters) of total beverages a day.

    What about the advice to drink 8 glasses a day?

    Everyone has heard the advice, "Drink eight 8-ounce glasses of water a day." That's about 1.9 liters, which isn't that different from the Institute of Medicine recommendations. Although the "8 by 8" rule isn't supported by hard evidence, it remains popular because it's easy to remember. Just keep in mind that the rule should be reframed as: "Drink eight 8-ounce glasses of fluid a day," because all fluids count toward the daily total.
    Generally, if you drink enough fluid so that you rarely feel thirsty and your urine is colorless or light yellow — and measures about 6.3 cups (1.5 liters) or more a day if you were to keep track — your fluid intake is probably adequate. If you're concerned about your fluid intake or have health issues, check with your doctor or a registered dietitian. He or she can help you determine the amount of water that's right for you.

    To ward off dehydration and make sure your body has the fluids it needs, make water your beverage of choice. It's also a good idea to:

    Drink a glass of water or other calorie-free or low-calorie beverage with each meal and between each meal
    Drink water before, during and after exercise
    If any more doubts you can " consult me "
       15 Thanks
  • C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
    General Physician
    Nicotine present in the tobacco has been used for its medicinal value for quite some time for diseases like Parkinson’s disease and ulcerative colitis. A study from University of Miami School of Medicine, USA, now has shown that people from families prone to Parkinson’s disease are less likely to develop the disease if they drink coffee on a regular basis.

    Both coffee and nicotine have a link with dopamine in the brain. Dopamine is a chemical that decreases in patients with Parkinson’s disease. It is possible that people who are going to have Parkinson’s disease have lower levels of dopamine. Those with low levels of dopamine may be more likely to enjoy caffeine.

    Parkinson’s disease is caused when brain cells that produce dopamine die. The disease is progressive, affecting about one percent of people older than 65. Symptoms start out with shaking and can progress to paralysis. There is no cure, although a number of drugs can make symptoms better for a time.
       1 Thanks
  • C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
    General Physician
    Obesity in adulthood is associated with a striking reduction in life expectancy for both men and women. Among 3457 subjects in the Framingham Study, done in the United States, those who were obese (Body Mass Index or BMI ≥30 kg/m2 at age 40 years lived 6 to 7 years less than those who were not (BMI ≤24.9 kg/m2). Those who were overweight (BMI 25 to 29.9 km/m2) at age 40 years lived about 3 years less, and those who were both obese and smoked lived 13 to 14 years less than normal–weight nonsmokers. The steady rise in life expectancy during the past two centuries may come to an end because of the increasing prevalence of obesity. Being overweight during adolescence also increase the risk of premature death as an adult. The analysis of Nurses’ Health Study has shown the risk of premature death increases with higher BMIs at age 18 years. For a BMI at age 18 of 18.5 to 21.9, 22 to 24.9, 25 to 29.9, and ≥30 kg/m2, the hazard ratio for premature death were 0.98, 1.18, 1.66, and 2.79, respectively.

    A prospective study from the United States, at National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, valuated the relationship between BMI and risk of death over a maximum follow–up period of 10 years among over 500,000 men and women aged 50 to 71 years. Among the subset of individuals 50 years of age (when prevalence of chronic disease is low) who had never smoked, an increased risk of death was associated with being either overweight (20 to 50 percent increase in those between 26.5 to 29.9 kg/m2) or obese (two– to over threefold increase in those ≥30 kg/m2).

    Overweight and obesity, when analyzed together, is associated with increased mortality from diabetes and kidney disease. Obesity, when analyzed alone, is associated with increased cardiac mortality and cancers considered to be obesity–related (colon, breast, esophageal, uterine, ovarian, kidney, and pancreatic cancer), but not with mortality from other cancers or non–cardiac mortality.

    There are some recent studies which showed that obese people live longer. Overweight was shown to be associated with reduced mortality from non cancer, non–cardiovascular causes, but not with cancer or cardiovascular mortality. In them being underweight was associated with increased mortality from non cancer and non–cardiac causes, but not cancer and cardiac CVD causes. Obesity and increased central fat are associated with increased morbidity in addition to mortality. Overweight and obese individuals have a higher relative risk of hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and diabetes mellitus compared with normal weight individuals. The risk of hypertension and diabetes increases with increasing BMI.

    In the Nurses’ Health and the Health Professionals studies, the risk of developing a chronic disease (gallstones, hypertension, heart disease, colon cancer and stroke (in men only)) increased with increasing BMI, even in those in the upper half of the healthy weight range (BMI 22.0 to 24.9 kg/m2). Obesity is measured by using a measurement called BMI, which is calculated by dividing a person’s weight in kilograms by the square of their height in meters.

    A BMI of 18.5 to 23 is considered normal (Asians). One below 18.5 is considered underweight and 25 or above is considered obese.
       11 Thanks
  • C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
    General Physician
    A study published in the journal Archives of Internal Medicine has shown that people who regularly take painkiller drugs like ibuprofen or naproxen are 51 percent more likely to develop kidney cancer. There is no increased risk from taking aspirin or paracetamol. The mechanism through which painkillers could cause kidney disease is the inhibition of prostaglandin synthesis with resulting papillary and tubular injury, and ultimately damage to DNA.

    The study analyzed data from 77,525 women in the Nurses’ Health Study and from 49,403 men in the Health Professionals Follow–up Study. The risk was related to the duration of use of the painkillers. There was a decrease in the risk by 19% if the painkiller was used for less than four years. There was a 36 per cent increase in risk of kidney cancer for people who used them regularly for 4 to 10 years. The risk increased almost three times for those who used these drugs regularly for 10 years or more.

    The good news is that kidney cancer is uncommon so the risk is small for average users.

    Two other important causes of kidney cancer are obesity and smoking. So people on painkillers should not smoke and should also keep their weight under control to prevent kidney cancer.
  • C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
    General Physician
    Older people ‘should exercise to build muscle even into their 80s’

    Older people should exercise to build their muscles even into their eighties, according to a review which suggests it will help them with everyday tasks.

    Climbing the stairs, housework, walking and even washing was made easier if elderly people worked out 2 or 3 times a week, said Chiung–ju Liu of the Department of Occupational Therapy at Indiana University.

    People lose muscle as they age, which can make daily chores more difficult. Working out by using small weights or elastic bands can help to rebuild these muscles.

    By "walking well", however, you power yourself around all day using muscles in your bottom, midriff and the backs of your thighs. This brings dramatic, sustainable results.
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