A common skin condition where darkening of the skin takes place in particular spots is Melasma. Here the skin tends to get darker in patches and it usually is accompanied with discolouration of the skin on cheeks, nose bridge area, chin, etc. The common cause of the same is usually attributed to sun exposure and other body parts can get the same too.
HOW IS MELASMA DIAGNOSED?
A physical examination is most often enough for a diagnosis of this disorder but a test known as the Wood's lamp examination could be performed. In this test a special light is used to examine skin for infections and other disorders. A skin biopsy could also be recommend to rule out any other diseases.
HOW IS MELASMA TREATED?
Topical steroids may be given to reduce the darkness. Chemical peels, dermabrasion, and microdermabrasion are other possible options if the condition does not heal by itself, which is normally the case.
DID YOU KNOW?
Protective clothing while going out in sun helps prevent Melasma