A Hole in the Heart is a congenital condition and can even be found in newborn babies. The causes for this condition could be difficult to immediately fathom. It could be due to Down syndrome which is connected to the genes or chromosomes or even due to the mother taking to smoking or alcohol during pregnancy. The actual condition may manifest itself in different forms. Symptoms include breathing difficulty and in adults, being unable to do any exercise.
HOW IS HOLE IN THE HEART DIAGNOSED?
Cardiologists conduct a physical examination and check for specific symptoms. If he or she suspects atrial septal defect, then an Echocardiogram and a chest X-ray may be ordered. An electrocardiogram helps identify heart rhythms. Other imaging techniques like MRI and CT scan may help confirm diagnosis.
HOW IS HOLE IN THE HEART TREATED?
In most of the cases, doctors perform a surgery to cure the disease and medication to thin the blood and prevent clots may also be prescribed instead of surgery.
DID YOU KNOW?
The outlook for children with atrial septal defects (ASDs) and ventricular septal defects (VSDs) is excellent. Advances in treatment mean that most children with these heart defects have normal, active and productive lives with no decrease in lifespan. Many children with these defects need no special care or only occasional checkups with a cardiologist (a doctor who specializes in heart problems) as they go through childhood and adult life.