Fluid retention is a medical condition in which excessive fluid accumulation is observed in the circulatory system, body cavities and tissues. Water is an integral part of our body, it is part of the blood and the body cells. Kidney failures, insufficient heart pumping are some of the causes of fluid retention in the body. Symptoms are:
• Swollen feet, ankles and abdomen
• Stretched and shiny skin
• Stiff joints
• Weight gain
• Dimpling of skin after being pressed
• Puffiness of eyes and face
HOW IS FLUID RETENTION DIAGNOSED?
A General Physician should be contacted for this condition. The doctor will first conduct a physical examination and understand the medical history of the patient and also order some tests. These include chest X-ray and blood and urine tests. Serious cases can be referred to a Nephrologist as well.
HOW IS FLUID RETENTION TREATED?
Fluid retention is treated by use of medications along with steroids. Histamine can be given to reduce the inflammation. An active lifestyle is also suggested for such patients along with reduction of sodium in the diet that causes water retention. If fluid retention happens as an allergic reaction then anti-allergen is also given.
DID YOU KNOW?
This problem usually aggravates before periods, during pregnancy, hormonal changes and extreme weight gain.