Brugada Syndrome is a heart disorder that causes sudden death due to abnormal ECG patterns. The abnormal ECG patterns are caused by incomplete right bundle-branch block and ST-segment elevations in the anterior precordial leads. Symptoms are:
• Syncope and cardiac arrest
• Nightmares or thrashing at nights
• Asymptomatic, but routine ECG with elevated ST levels
• Associated atrial fibrillation
HOW IS BRUGADA SYNDROME DIAGNOSED?
A cardiologist will diagnose the issue by listening to your heartbeats with a stethoscope before performing tests and scans like the Electrocardiogram, which will be used with medication. Also, genetic testing may be carried out, since this condition is known to be a hereditary one. The cardiologist may also conduct an Electrophysiology Test.
HOW IS BRUGADA SYNDROME TREATED?
There is no exact treatment modality that reliably and totally prevents ventricular fibrillation from occurring. Treatment lies in the termination of the arrhythmia before it causes death. This is done via insertion of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator which continuously monitors the heart rhythm and will shock the wearer if ventricular fibrillation is sensed.
DID YOU KNOW?
Brugada syndrome can lead to sudden death. Those that are affected are mainly young to middle-aged men and some women.