Bone marrow suppression occurs when the bone marrow, a heavy liquid found inside certain bones becomes diseased and ceases to function properly. The bone marrow helps produce red blood cells and lowered activity of the bone marrow as such can lead to a range of medical conditions. It can be caused by a number of factors, the most prominent being genetics. Another cause of such suppression is bone marrow cancer. Bone marrow suppression symptoms are varied. It ranges from the signs of anaemia (fatigue, shortness of breath and pale skin) to weakening of the immune system (high frequency of infections, fever, diarrhoea). Other bone marrow suppression symptoms include excessive bleeding and easy bruising, the presence of blood in the urine, passing blackish bowels and formation of red spots on the skin. Diagnosis and treatment for suppression is done by a haematologist. For those suffering from bone marrow cancer, chemotherapy and radiation treatment are the most commonly used options. Yet one should immediately consult a haematologist on suspecting such a condition.
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