Blood vessels of arteries can get choked or clogged due to deposits like cholesterol, cellular waste, fibrin, and plaque buildup, all of which can eventually lead to coronary heart disease. These blocked blood vessels can pose a serious health threat if not treated on time, and can also turn out to be fatal in some cases. The symptoms include choking, chest pain, nausea and vomiting, as well as excessive and sudden sweating.
HOW IS BLOCKED BLOOD VESSELS DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis for blocked blood vessels is done by a cardiologist. He will initiate the process by a physical exam and medical and family history. He will advise tests which include EKG, stress testing, echocardiography, Chest X-ray, blood tests, angiography and Cardiac Catheterization to determine the situation.
HOW IS BLOCKED BLOOD VESSELS TREATED?
Treatment of blocked blood vessels depends on the extent of blockage. For minimal blockage and prevention of further build up, lifestyle changes like eating less fatty food, exercising regularly, stress management etc may be prescribed. For severe blockages surgical treatment methods like stent placement, bypass surgery and balloon angioplasty may be performed. For control of cholesterol, medication may be prescribed.
DID YOU KNOW?
Blocked blood vessels can be a sign of coronary artery disease, also called heart disease. Continuous buildup of cholesterol-containing deposits (plaque) in coronary arteries leads to blockage of vessels. It stops the supply of enough oxygen-rich blood to the heart, especially when it's beating hard. The affected may show the following symptoms: Chest pain (angina), Shortness of breath, Heart attack. The following may cause this problem: Smoking, High blood pressure, Sedentary lifestyle, High cholesterol, Diabetes or insulin resistance.