Blocked blood vessels can be a sign of coronary artery disease, also called heart disease. Continuous buildup of cholesterol-containing deposits (plaque) in coronary arteries leads to blockage of vessels. It stops the supply of enough oxygen-rich blood to the heart, especially when it's beating hard. The affected may show the following symptoms: Chest pain (angina), Shortness of breath, Heart attack. The following may cause this problem: Smoking, High blood pressure, Sedentary lifestyle, High cholesterol, Diabetes or insulin resistance.
HOW IS BLOCKED BLOOD VESSELS DIAGNOSED?
A cardiologist diagnoses the block in the blood vessels by conducting the following tests:
4. Stress test
HOW IS BLOCKED BLOOD VESSELS TREATED?
Treatment of blocked blood vessels depends on the extent of blockage. For minimal blockage and prevention of further build up, lifestyle changes like eating less fatty food, exercising regularly, stress management etc may be prescribed. For severe blockages surgical treatment methods like stent placement, bypass surgery and balloon angioplasty may be performed. For control of cholesterol, medication may be prescribed.
DID YOU KNOW?
Diabetes and hypertension can also cause choking of the blood vessels.