The growth of abnormal tissue (tumour) in the bladder lining cause bladder cancer. It can be categorized into non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer and muscle-invasive bladder cancer. Symptoms: • Blood in urine is the most common symptom • Need to urinate on a more frequent basis • Burning sensation while passing urine In some cases, a bladder cancer spreads into the surrounding muscles. Some of the symptoms of the advanced stage are bone pain, pelvic pain, swelling of the legs, weight loss, etc.
HOW IS BLADDER CANCER DIAGNOSED?
A urologist diagnosed bladder cancer by conducting the following investigations: 1. Urinalysis 2. Urine cytology 3. Ultrasound 4.CT/MRI 5. Cystoscopy and biopsy
HOW IS BLADDER CANCER TREATED?
Bladder cancer can be cured if detected early. Treatment choices are: • Surgery for cancer removal • Chemotherapy • Radiation therapy • Immunotherapy
DID YOU KNOW?
Chemotherapy and Radiation can also be used for treatment of bladder cancer.