Orthopedic surgery or orthopedics is the branch of surgery concerned with conditions involving the musculoskeletal system. Orthopedic surgeons use both surgical and nonsurgical means to treat musculoskeletal trauma, spine diseases, sports injuries, degenerative diseases, infections, tumors, and congenital disorders. There can be many medical problems that can affect the bones, joints, ligaments, tendons, and muscles.
Bone problems include bone deformities, bone infections, fractures, spinal deformities, need for amputation etc.
Joint problems include arthritis, bursitis, dislocation, joint pain, inflammation and ligament tears.
Ankle and foot injuries include bunions, fasciitis, heel spurs, heel pain, foot and ankle deformities, hammer toe, sesamoiditis, tarsal tunnel syndrome etc.
Hand and Wrist problems include fractures, joint pain, ganglion cyst, tendinitis and carpal tunnel syndrome.
Shoulder issues include frozen shoulder, impingement syndrome, rotator cuff tear and torn labrum.
Knee problems include cartilage and meniscus surgeries, dislocation of kneecap, ligament sprains and tears.
Spine problems include slipped disk, scoliosis, spinal stenosis, spinal cord injuries, and injury to the spine.
Sometimes, treatment involves injections of medicine into the painful area. This may involve corticosteroid injections into joints, tendons, and ligaments and Hyaluronic acid injection to help relieve arthritis pain. Surgical procedures used in the treatment of orthopedics include amputation, arthroscopic surgeries, cartilage surgery to knee, arthroplasty, ligament reconstructions etc. Orthopedic care often involves a team approach. Your team may include a doctor, a non-doctor specialist as well as others. Non-doctor specialists are professionals such as a physical therapist.
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