A bone fracture occurs due to high force impact or stress, or a minimal trauma injury which weaken the bones, such as osteoporosis, bone cancer. When one experiences a bone break or a bone fracture, it's imperative for bone to heal properly in its original position. There are several treatments for a broken bone and the doctor recommends a treatment based upon several factors like severity and the location of the breakage point. Some bones can heal by wearing a cast, whereas others may require more invasive treatments, such as bone fracture repair. Bone fracture repair is a surgical procedure to fix a broken bone using metal screws, pins, rods, or plates to hold the bone in place. It is also known as open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) surgery. Bone fracture repair is used when a broken bone does not or would not heal properly with casting or splinting alone. Improper healing that requires ORIF surgery can occur in cases when the bone is sticking through the skin as in case of compound fractures and fractures that involve joints, such as wrists and ankles. If bones that are surrounding the joints could not be repaired, a person's functional mobility could be severely impacted. Complications from this surgery are very rare and may include an allergic reaction to anesthesia, bleeding, blood clots followed by an infection. One can minimize one's risk for complications by disclosing all medical conditions and medications one is taking as well as following one's orthopaedic's post-procedure orders carefully. These may include instructions on keeping one's dressing clean and dry. Bone fracture repair surgery can take several hours. You may be given general anesthesia to put you to sleep during your surgery or local anesthesia to numb only the broken limb.
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