Virus is the main cause of dengue fever and there are no specific antibiotics to treat it. Antiviral medications are also not indicated for dengue fever. For typical dengue, the treatment is concerned with relief of the symptoms and signs. Home remedies such as rest and fluid intake (oral rehydration) are important. Pain relievers such as aspirin and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) should only be taken under a doctor's supervision because of the possibility of worsening bleeding complications. Acetaminophen(Tylenol) and codeine may be given for severe headache and for joint and muscle pain (myalgia). Dengue fever usually causes fever, skin rash, and pain (headaches and often severe muscle and joint pains). The disease has also been termed "break bone fever" or "dandy fever" because the unusually severe muscle and joint pains can make people assume distorted body positions or exaggerated walking movements in an effort to reduce their pain. There is no vaccine to prevent dengue fever. The best way of dengue Fever prevention is to avoid bites by infected mosquitoes, particularly if you are living in or traveling to a tropical area. This involves protecting yourself and making efforts to keep the mosquito population down. The acute phase of dengue virus with fever and muscle pain (myalgia) lasts about one to two weeks. Convalescence is accompanied by a feeling of weakness (asthenia) and fatigue, and full recovery often takes several weeks.
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