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Dr. U. Meenakshisundaram

Neurologist, Chennai

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Dr. U. Meenakshisundaram Neurologist, Chennai
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My favorite part of being a doctor is the opportunity to directly improve the health and wellbeing of my patients and to develop professional and personal relationships with them....more
My favorite part of being a doctor is the opportunity to directly improve the health and wellbeing of my patients and to develop professional and personal relationships with them.
More about Dr. U. Meenakshisundaram
Dr. U. Meenakshisundaram is a popular Neurologist in Kodambakkam, Chennai. He is currently associated with Spot Hospital in Kodambakkam, Chennai. You can book an instant appointment online with Dr. U. Meenakshisundaram on Lybrate.com.

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Spot Hospital

New No 36 Old No 16, Dr Ambedkar Road, Kodambakkam, Landmark: Near Samiyar Madam Bus Stop, ChennaiChennai Get Directions
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Causes and Symptoms of Dementia

MBBS, MD - Psychiatry, MBA (Healthcare)
Psychiatrist, Davanagere
Causes and Symptoms of Dementia

Dementia cannot be singularly regarded as a specific disease, but rather indicates a group of symptoms associated with your memory, cognitive thinking, and social abilities, up to the point where daily functioning gets affected. In most cases, dementia steadily worsens over time (progressive dementias). Dementia is not to be confused with memory loss alone; because it is natural with old people to experience memory loss, but that does not necessarily mean they have dementia. If the reason is dementia, then you may require medical treatment.

Causes:

Dementias are generally caused either by damage to or changes in the nerve cells operating in the brain. The causes can be grouped differently based on the type of dementia experienced and the part of the brain affected. While some causes can be reversed with effective treatment, others, unfortunately, cannot.

The most common causes of dementia which cannot be reversed include:

  1. Alzheimer's disease
  2. Vascular dementia
  3. Parkinson's disease
  4. Frontotemporal dementia
  5. Dementia with Lewy (dementia which is neurodegenerative and progressive in nature) bodies
  6. Severe head injuries

Other irreversible causes which are relatively rarer than usual include:

  1. Huntington's disease (breakage of the brain's nerve cells)
  2. Creutzfeldt-jakob disease (irreversible and fatal brain disease)
  3. Multiple sclerosis or amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
  4. Infections like syphilis
  5. Leukoencephalopathies (diseases affecting the brain's'white' areas)
  6. Brain injuries
  7. Multiple system atrophy

Causes of dementia which can be treated include:

  1. Hypothyroidism
  2. Heavy metal poisoning
  3. Certain brain tumors
  4. Chronic alcoholism
  5. Hiv/aids
  6. Vitamin b12 deficiency
  7. Medicinal side effects or abnormal drug reactions
  8. Normal pressure hydrocephalus
  9. Certain cases of encephalitis

Symptoms

Symptoms of dementia include:

  1. Memory loss
  2. Difficulty finding the right words
  3. Difficulty exercising judgments, especially during emergencies
  4. Inability to recall particular events or to recognize people and places
  5. Depression or other mood disorders, in addition to symptoms like uncontrolled aggression or constant agitation.
4074 people found this helpful

Hi doc. Three years ago I got an accident and my right hand got paralyzed yet. That situation doctors named that breichal plexus and I done a nerve surgery under my shoulder. My question is there is any better treatment or hope in my present situation.

Membership of the Royal College of Surgeons (MRCS)
General Surgeon, Chennai
Dear brachial plexus injury that happened three years ago is not easy to treat. After reading what information you have given the first thing that comes to my mind is to do active and passive physiotherapy. At this stage get a nerve conduction study done, that will give information about the viability of nerves. Once that is know a further treatment plan can be charted. Regards
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My father 75 years of age is feeling numbness in toe and below knees. Which doctor we should consult and what should be the problem.

MS - Orthopaedics, MRCS Ed UK, FASM(Fellowship in Arthroscopy and Sports Medicine), DNB (Orthopedics)
Orthopedist, Bangalore
My father 75 years of age is feeling numbness in toe and below knees. Which doctor we should consult and what should ...
Hello Lybrate user, There can be many causes of this problem of your father. It could be due to uncontrolled diabetes mellitus or due to nerve compression (sciatica). I would suggest you take him to a diabetes specialist and an orthopaedic surgeon so that he is properly evaluated.
2 people found this helpful
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C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician,
Managing wounds at home

A wound is a disruption of the normal structure and function of the skin.
Antibiotic therapy is not indicated in all wounds and is reserved only for infected wounds.
It is important to keep blood sugar under control while managing a wound.
All wounds, which are contaminated or have foreign bodies, need debridement.
Irrigation of the wound reduces bacterial load and also removes loose material.
Wound irrigation can be done with warm saline.
Principles of wound management are: scrub, clean and dress.
Scrubbing means that dressing should be done with clean hands, which requires proper scrubbing of the hands.
Would cleaning means that the wound should first be cleaned.
After cleaning, the wound requires a proper dressing.
Some wounds may require suturing, especially if the wound is of less than six hours duration.
In an accident if a finger is cut or a tooth is removed, one should preserve the finger or the tooth and take it to the nearest hospital along with the patient for reimplantation.
The best way to carry the amputated finger or uprooted tooth is to put them in a plastic bag and put that bag in a box containing ice.
Skin burns should be treated firstly by putting the area under the running water till the burning disappears.
In a patient with burns, the blister that forms should not be punctured.
Presence of pain is also a good sign and indicates that the burns are superficial.
3 people found this helpful

I am 54 yrs old male. I have peripheral neuropathy of the unknown kind. i am not diabetic. Have a foot fall Can you help me ?

MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Patna
I am 54 yrs old male. I have peripheral neuropathy of the unknown kind. i am not diabetic. Have a foot fall Can you h...
Another reason for foot drop is neuritic leprosy. You may consult dermatologist who may examine your peripheral nerves and put you on antileprotic medicines for few months to cure.
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Dear sir often when I sit on ground for long period my leg goes numb what precaution should I take.

Master Of Physiotheraphy
Physiotherapist, Ghaziabad
Dear sir often when I sit on ground for long period my leg goes numb what precaution should I take.
That's a normal thing with every one. When we sit on ground for long then your nerves, muscle get compressed so you feel numbness in legs. To avoid this try to change the position, do ankle toe movement, sit with a mat to reduce the undue pressure.
2 people found this helpful
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There is a Bulge in between my thumb and my index finger. It feels like it's moving and it is causing a considerable amount of pain. My thumb is numb.

FRHS, Ph.D Neuro , MPT - Neurology Physiotherapy, D.Sp.Med, DPHM (Health Management ), BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Chennai
There is a Bulge in between my thumb and my index finger. It feels like it's moving and it is causing a considerable ...
Do Take UST and laser Therapy for pain relief 12 days followed by mobilisation exercise from physiotherapist Best wishes.
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Respected doctors, I am a male of 29 years of age, I am suffering from generalized anxiety disorder feeling like I am in a dream like state, light headed, foggy vision, stiff head, head feeling numb, depersonalization, tough to carry on life since 1 and half year. One of psychiatrist tell me that I had taken lots of medicine as I was hospitalized 3 times in a year and therefore depersonalised has taken place and feeling numbness in head due to heavy medicine and waves r feeling in my head. Eat healthy sleep healthy will create stamina and slowly your anxiety will be improved. please answer.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology
Psychologist, Palakkad
Respected doctors, I am a male of 29 years of age, I am suffering from generalized anxiety disorder feeling like I am...
Dear Viraj, General Anxiety disorder treatment consists of Cognitive Behavioral Therapy, life style changes, relaxation therapy and meditation. Once you learn how to manage your anxiety yourself with the help of the above treatment methods, You will be cured. The process is a bit lengthy and could take any period between one year to 2 years according to the depth of the anxiety problem and the circumstances at which the patient lives. Keep the period of treatment in mind, prepare yourself to take up the treatment and consult a psychologist online or in person. Take care.
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I am 43 years old my problem is that my hand is shaking while writing. What can I do for this problem.

MBBS
General Physician, Cuttack
It could be due to anxiety, nervousness or thyroid disorder. do thyroid function test and consult doctor
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Brain Surgery - Know The Purpose Behind It!

IFAANS, DNB (Neurosurgery), MBBS
Neurosurgeon, Ghaziabad
Brain Surgery - Know The Purpose Behind It!

The most powerful and amazing organ in our body is the brain. It differs from many other organs of our body not only by its shape, but also by its special type of cell called neurons. When these cells gets affected or dead it can never be reverted or regenerated which is the most exclusive nature found only in brain cells. The cells in other parts of our body has the capacity to regenerate (can be replaced or new one can be grown or produced), but brain cells are exception. Hence any damage to the brain, injury or trauma is really a crucial thing to be considered with utmost care.

Brain surgeries really need skill, proper training, confidence and intelligence to perform this highly complicated and risky surgery.

Purpose:
Brain surgeries are performed to:

  1. Remove the brain tissues that are grown abnormally
  2. Aneurysm is clipped to prevent flow of blood cliff off an aneurysm
  3. Biopsy purpose or to remove the tumour
  4. Make a nerve free
  5. Drain the abnormal blood or clot collection or to drain any excessive fluid collection caused by infection.
  6. To implant artificial electronic device as a treatment for conditions like Parkinson’s disease

Types:

  1. Biopsy: A part of brain tissue is removed for the brain or whole tumour is removed.
  2. Craniotomy: The skull bone is opened to remove tumour, an aneurysm and drain fluid or blood from infection.
  3. Minimally invasive endonasal endoscopic surgery: Endoscopic devices are inserted through the nose to remove the lesions or tumour.
  4. Minimally invasive neuroendoscopy: Similar to endonasal surgery but small incision is made.

Risks:

  1. Anaesthesia risks like breathing difficulty, allergic reaction to medications, excessive bleeding or clots and infection.
  2. Risk related to the brain surgeries are seizures, coma, swelling of brain, infection to brain or meanings, surgical wound infection that intrudes to the brain structures, abnormal clot formation and bleeding.
  3. General risks include muscle weakness, disturbances in memory, speech, vision, coordination, balance and other functions that are controlled by the brain. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a neurosurgeon.
1753 people found this helpful

Hello sir, I am suffering from migraine from 7-8 year I visited different doctors and after taking medicines the migraine either stop or reduces but after 6-8 month it get again started. Most of the time it starts in the morning. I don't smoke and drink but sometime I go to sleep 30-60 minutes later than usual. I observed that in some cases it stop after bathing or sometimes I apply cream (jhandu bam) which reduces the pain. But in most of the cases it remains for 4-5 hrs afters started. Please help.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology
Psychologist, Palakkad
A number of factors may trigger migraines, including: Hormonal changes in women. Fluctuations in estrogen seem to trigger headaches in many women. ... Foods. Aged cheeses, salty foods and processed foods may trigger migraines. ... Food additives. ... Drinks. ... Stress. ... Sensory stimuli. ... Changes in wake-sleep pattern. ... Physical factors. Do work with your doctor for a cure. Take care.
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Natural Ways To Cure Brain Hemorrhage

M.Sc. in Dietetics and Food Service Management , Post Graduate Diploma In Computer Application, P.G.Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics , B.Sc.Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai
Natural Ways To Cure Brain Hemorrhage

Natural ways to cure brain hemorrhage

1. Herbal plants

Cayenne pepper, a kind of red pepper can stop external bleeding like brain hemorrhage. Frequent use of this spice will protect and prevent the risk of a stroke as it improves the blood movement in the body, including the brain. A daily inclusion of this spice in your cooking will work as a great medicine to your brain. This herbal cooking formula can be applied for one to two-weeks time to get rid of the brain haemorrhage.

2. Ginkgo biloba

The extracts from ginkgo biloba, one of the oldest species of trees can effectively treat brain hemorrhage. It can improve blood circulation and thin of the blood, allow more oxygen to our brain tissue. It is taken to repair brain damage after a stroke. It has been proved that it can minimize the effects of a stroke; hence the person affected with brain haemorrhage can be suggested to apply this remedy.

3. Fish oils

Fish oil helps in the thinning of the blood and improves circulation. For those who are vegetarian can consume dha, a kind of omega-3 fatty acid, a structural component of our brain. Krill oil, a kind of fish oil which is highly expensive is also known to be good for the brain as it contains omega-3 fatty acids and other necessary compounds help in the functioning of the human brain. Daily consumption of fish oil for a period of two weeks can help in solving the problem of a brain haemorrhage.

4. B vitamins and stroke

Daily intake of vitamin b supplement can reduce the risk of a second stroke. The vitamin b supplement is a combination of vitamins b9, b6, and b12, which can reduce the level of amino acid in the blood, a contributing factor to heart disease. Vitamin b can prevent any sort of cardiac attack, including a stroke. Also it helps the patients to get rid of depression. Vegetables contain vitamin b can also significantly prevent a brain hemorrhage.

5. Healing crystal

Magnet therapy is believed to be very powerful when it comes to recovery after a stroke. It helps in the proper circulation of blood flow in the body by allowing minerals to spin in the blood. The crystal melanite, a great remedy for stroke can be used as a liquid or can be applied to the forehead.

6. Take up yoga

Yoga needs no introduction, it is an age-old remedy for all types of diseases. Post-stroke, a person should perform yoga regularly and do the deep breathing exercises as much as he can. These are the ayurvedic techniques which will tremendously help in blood circulation as well as oxygen flow in all parts of our body including the brain. Performing yoga on a regular can increase your brain power and solve the problem related to a brain haemorrhage.

2 people found this helpful

My father is 55 years old and has recently undergone a surgery to remove tumour in the testicular area along with left testicle and lymph nodes. Post biopsy results in the tumour and lymph nodes have detected cancer. All tumour marker tests i.e. LDH, AFP and HCG have shown normal values. Also FNAC test showed normal value prior to the surgery. What should be our next steps in this case? What are the implications and what is the cure/survival rate for testicular cancer?

MBBS, MS - General Surgery, FIAGES(Fellowship in minimal access surgery), FMAS (Fellowship in Minimal Access Surgery)
General Surgeon, Ghaziabad
My father is 55 years old and has recently undergone a surgery to remove tumour in the testicular area along with lef...
Hi there. Testicular tumor is a slow growing tumor. Since all markers are negative than its most likely a seminoma. I think you should consult a oncologist for the requirement of chemotherapy. Since lymph nodes were involved than chances of recurrence and prognosis is not that good.
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Hi, I am 22 years old, I losses my sensing of touch on some parts of my left hand from elbow towards arm including my little finger. My skin was peel off in this part. I am suffering from same problem with my both legs since 3 months. What should i do?

FRHS, Ph.D Neuro , MPT - Neurology Physiotherapy, D.Sp.Med, DPHM (Health Management ), BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Chennai
Hi, I am 22 years old, I losses my sensing of touch on some parts of my left hand from elbow towards arm including my...
It might be of nerve deficit disorder do consult neurologist asap to rule out the same and for proper management best wishes.
1 person found this helpful
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My father is 70 years old and suffering with alzheimer's Dementia. Brain screening is done and they say that it's shrinkage to brain. So no surgery is applicable but tablets course of Nuhenz, Alzil 5/5 is going on. He was stable but nowadays it is observed that he is urinating at any time without consent at any place. What to do? It can be stopped?

DM - Neurology
Neurologist, Hyderabad
Alzheimer's disease is a progressive brain disease in which brain tissue shrink and degenerate with time and it is not treatable. Only during initial few years some symptomatic treatment may be helpful. Urine problem usually occurs gradually towards late stage of disease. It is difficult to treat. You may take terol la for some symptomatic releif of urine problem. Better take help of your neurologist.
3 people found this helpful
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Hello doc, it seems that I have a lot of headaches lately, I assume that it is migraine, what should I do to reduce the effects of migraine?

MBBS
General Physician, Cuttack
If you have recurrent attack of headache1. It could be a tension headache due to anxiety/stress, depression inadequate sleep, low bp/high bp, migraine, prolonged use of cell phone/computer, chronic anaemia, refractive error, chronic sinusitis, organic brain lesion 2. Avoid stress, physical and mental exertion, have adequate sound sleep for 7-8 hours daily in the night 3. Go for regular exercise 4. Practice yoga, meditation and deep breathing exercise to calm your mind, control your emotion and relieve stress 5. Check for refractive error, sinusitis hemoglobin, bp 6. Avoid prolonged use of cell phone/computer 7. Consult neurologist to rule out other causes of headache, if required take a ct scan of head to exclude any brain lesion 8. If it is migraine you have to take migraine prophylactic drug after consulting neurologist.
1 person found this helpful
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My right leg is always like senseless. Electric shock kind of a feeling. I have never felt like that. Is this because of exercise? Gym?

BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Delhi
1. Drink plenty of water empty stomach in morning 2. Start with the Physiotherapy treatment 3. Learn exercise from Physiotherapist 4. Don't sit on floor 5. Take calcium vitamin D 3 and Methylcobalmine supplement for one month minimum.
1 person found this helpful
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I am having bleeding in my nose what I do, sometimes it come from ears, I have migraine sometimes. I am 18 years old.

MS - ENT
ENT Specialist, Gandhinagar
I am having bleeding in my nose what I do, sometimes it come from ears, I have migraine sometimes. I am 18 years old.
Bleeding from Nose: cold water on nose and head will help...if no result, endoscopy of nose to locate the bleeder and cautery of bleeder will cure you....
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I have the Migraine problem and gets severe headache how can I help myself with daily work.

MBBS, Diploma In Dermatology And Venerology And Leprosy (DDVL)
Dermatologist, Raigarh
Migrae migraine is more of a preventable disease than curative. You have to identify the triggers of your headache and avoid them. Avoid exposure to bright light, loud sound, sunlight. Avoid stress. Avoid chocolate and coffee. Have enough sleep. Drink 3-4 litres of water daily. I can prescribe you prophylactic medicines too if you want.
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