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Dr. Prema Krishnaswamy

Gynaecologist, Chennai

Dr. Prema Krishnaswamy Gynaecologist, Chennai
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I want all my patients to be informed and knowledgeable about their health care, from treatment plans and services, to insurance coverage....more
I want all my patients to be informed and knowledgeable about their health care, from treatment plans and services, to insurance coverage.
More about Dr. Prema Krishnaswamy
Dr. Prema Krishnaswamy is a trusted Gynaecologist in Alwarpet, Chennai. You can meet Dr. Prema Krishnaswamy personally at C V Krishnaswami Clinic in Alwarpet, Chennai. Book an appointment online with Dr. Prema Krishnaswamy on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has an excellent community of Gynaecologists in India. You will find Gynaecologists with more than 35 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Gynaecologists online in Chennai and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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No 34, Murrays GATE Road, Alwarpet, ChennaiChennai Get Directions
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How smoking during pregnancy can affect your health and that of your child's?

Diploma in Laparoscopic Surgery, DGO, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
How smoking during pregnancy can affect your health and that of your child's?

Smoking during pregnancy can adversely affect not only your health but that of your unborn too. Kicking this habit can help you to have a safer pregnancy as well as a healthier baby. If not, it can lead to a number of serious pregnancy complications including the death of your baby. According to various findings, smoking during this period can double your prospects of having a baby with low birth weight as well as your chance for stillbirth.

What happens when you smoke while pregnant?

The cigarette smoke is made up of about 4000 chemicals, which includes about 60 cancer causing substances, lead, and cyanide. Of these toxins in cigarette smoke, carbon monoxide and nicotine are the two toxins that make up much of smoking-related pregnancy complication. The toxins go directly to your baby through the bloodstream, the only source of nutrients and oxygen for your offspring. By working in tandem, the nicotine and carbon monoxide toxins bring about a decrease in the supply of oxygen for your baby. While nicotine cuts off oxygen supply by constricting the blood vessels, the red blood cells responsible for carrying oxygen also pick up carbon monoxide molecules and take them directly to your baby.

What effects does it have on your little one?

When you smoke, you put your baby on harm's way and here's what happens to your baby:

- In terms of weight, it has been revealed that while smoking one pack daily can bring about a 226 gm decrease in the baby's weight, smoking two packs every day can affect your baby's weight by about 453 gm. A stunted growth during this period can negatively affect your child later in life.

- Due to the negative effects of the toxins, the development of your baby's lung and body gets hampered. It may also make your baby prone to Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SID) and asthma.

- It can also increase your baby's chance of suffering from a heart defect. Research shows that babies whose mothers smoke during the first three months of pregnancy have 20-70% chance of developing congenital heart problems compared to babies whose mothers didn't smoke.

- Smoking can affect the development of his brain functions and cause him or her to suffer from low IQ, learning disabilities as well as behavioral issues.

'Consult'.

Related Tip: 7 Dangerous Changes that Smoking Causes to Your SKIN

4386 people found this helpful

Hi I am 28 years old. on 2014 sep I delivered a baby, again when we should try for 2nd one. Please suggest

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FMAS, DMAS
Gynaecologist, Noida
Hi I am 28 years old. on 2014 sep I delivered a baby, again when we should try for 2nd one. Please suggest
Hello, You should ideally keep a gap of at least 3 years between two children . Till then you may use an IUCD like multi load for spacing your children. regards
1 person found this helpful
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Hello I'm 16 years and 11 months old. I started my periods at 12. I have developed very little bust size (maybe an A). I want to know if some foods or exercises can help me improve my bust size.

MBBS, DNB (Obstetrics and Gynecology), MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Hello I'm 16 years and 11 months old. I started my periods at 12. I have developed very little bust size (maybe an A)...
you are underweight for your height. Pls eat well, carbs, fats and proteins and gain some weight, do pectoral muscle exercises, bust will improve.
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Hi, im 36 weeks pregnant. My, FHR 148/MIN EFBW 2675GMS.+/-250GMS CONGENITAL ANOMALIES NO E/O GROSS/LETHAL ANOMALIES BIOPHYSICAL PROFILE =GOOD PLACENTA =POST. LEFT.LAT. UPPER SEGMENT GRADE 2+ CERVICAL LENGTH =3.8 CMS UMBILICAL CORD = normal please Dr. tell me sub reports normal hai na? But Dr. ek cheez samjh nahi ari report mi mention hai "Single Loop of Cord Around The Fetal Neck Noted oN Doppler" Is ka kay meaning hai? Kuch problems ki bat hai kay im so worried about my baby please gve Mr. rply please Thanks.

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
Hi, im 36 weeks pregnant. My, FHR 148/MIN
EFBW 2675GMS.+/-250GMS
CONGENITAL ANOMALIES NO E/O GROSS/LETHAL ANOMALIES
B...
At 36 weeks , single loop of cord around the neck on ultrasound is a normal feature. It is only at the time of labour that it becomes significant--- if it doesnot allow the head of the baby to come down during normal delivery or it gets compressed leading to fetal heart irregularities. So, as of now , all is well. Don't worry at all as long as you can feel your baby movements and your B.P. is normal.All the best.
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I have redness and rashes below my penis on my scrotum , it itches at times , I do not know how did I get it ? Which cream should I apply, will it go by it self, is it a sexually transmitted disease?

BHMS
Homeopath, Raebareli
I have redness and rashes below my penis on my scrotum , it itches at times , I do not know how did I get it ? Which ...
You should take sul 30 - once daily no its not std maintain hygiene wash your under-garments daily with dettol water.
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I've been trying to get pregnant but things are not working out. I'm unable to quit smoking. What are the best ways to boost them?

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology
Psychologist, Palakkad
I've been trying to get pregnant but things are not working out. I'm unable to quit smoking. What are the best ways t...
Dear, Tobacco is addictive. Cigarette also contains 4000+ carcinogenic chemicals other than nicotine. The best method is to leave it and continue with your will power. There are other methods like Nicotine Replacement therapy and pharmacotherapy combined. If you?re ready to stop smoking and willing to get the support you need, you can recover from nicotine addiction and abuse abuse?no matter how bad the addiction or how powerless you feel. The first step in treating nicotine addiction is accepting that you have a problem. Confronting an addiction and accepting responsibility for your actions isn?t easy. But it?s a necessary step on the road to treatment and recovery. You should then consult a psychiatrist / psychologist who fill follow this treatment. 1. Detoxification using medicines. 2. Behavior modification with the help of therapies. 3. Counseling. 4. Medication to sustain and 5. Long term support. These given steps are essential for any addict to get effectively rid of smoking. Therefore, you need to stick to the treatment plan and cooperate with your psychiatrist / psychologist. Take care.
2 people found this helpful
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I am suffering from PCOD from last 1 year. Having delayed cycles and oligomenorrhea. My biggest problem is the acne on my back and chest and day by day my skin colour of face hand is getting dark. please tell me some treatment.

BHMS
Homeopath, Navi Mumbai
I am suffering from PCOD from last 1 year. Having delayed cycles and oligomenorrhea. My biggest problem is the acne o...
hi, pcod is spreading like an epidemic although its not an infectious disease. this is probably the impact of today's lifestyle. so the most logical treatment would be to make positive lifestyle changes. it can be supported with homeopathic medicines. it can take care of the hormonal imbalance you are going through. few positive lifestyle changes i would suggest are regular yoga and meditation, eating healthy at proper time, drink enough water. all the best
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I have acnes on my back and they come up periodically and I want to get rid of them! And those have left me with black spot scars on my back. How should I get rid of the scars and well as acnes permanently. Please suggest me some medications that are truly very effective.

MD - Ayurveda, Bachelor of Ayurveda, Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Ayurveda, Jammu
I have acnes on my back and they come up periodically and I want to get rid of them! And those have left me with blac...
U should take liquid maha manjishtadi kwath. This will purify ur blood and give glow to your skin from within.for dark spots u should apply phytobright dark spot corrector
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Ways to Avoid STDs

Fellow,European Committee of Sexual Medicine, Diploma in Psychological Medicine, M.B.,B.S
Sexologist, Jaipur
Ways to Avoid STDs

A STD is transmitted by means of physical intimate contact and intercourse. These diseases are caused by parasites, virus or bacteria. Usually STDs are preventable provided you make the right choices concerning your sexual health. Refraining from sex isn’t a feasible idea at all. But fortunately there are alternatives too to curb the menace that STDs are:

  1. Mutual monogamy: Two people who have sex only with one another don’t have any opportunity to bring a new STD into the relationship. If you and your partner have been tested and are healthy, remaining faithful to each other is a very good way to reduce your chances of contracting an STD.
  2. Get Vaccinated: One important prevention tool against STIs is vaccination. Currently, vaccines are available to protect against infection with HPV, hepatitis A and hepatitis B. Talk to your healthcare provider to see which vaccines might be recommended for you.
  3. Protect Yourself: Condoms work really well in stopping most STIs from being passed from an infected partner to another when they are used consistently and correctly every time a person has oral, vaginal or anal sex. Consistently and correctly means that a person makes sure they use a condom every time they have oral, vaginal or anal sex and put it on and use it the right way.
  4. Avoid alcohol and drug use: Avoiding alcohol and recreational drug use reduces the risk of contracting an STI, having an unwanted pregnancy, or being coerced to have sex. Alcohol and drug use can reduce our ability to make good decisions. It may also make us more likely to be talked into into participating in an activity without being able to give our full consent.
  5. Consider male circumcision: There's evidence that male circumcision can help reduce a man's risk of acquiring HIV from an infected woman (heterosexual transmission) by as much as 60 percent. Male circumcision may also help prevent transmission of genital HPV and genital herpes. You can also take the package for Having Safe Sex.

Coping and Support

It's traumatic to find out you have an STI. You might be angry if you feel you've been betrayed or ashamed if there's a chance you infected others. At worst, an STI can cause chronic illness and death, even with the best care in the world. Between those extremes is a host of other potential losses is trust between partners, plans to have children and the joyful embrace of your sexuality and its expression. If you wish to discuss about any specific sexual problem, you can consult a specilized sexologist and ask a free question.

3519 people found this helpful

I am 35 years old unmarried female. I have a ankle pain in legs & swelling. My periods also not coming regularly. Please suggest, what to do?

B.H.M.S., Senior Homeopath Consultant
Homeopath, Delhi
I am 35 years old unmarried female. I have a ankle pain in legs & swelling. My periods also not coming regularly. Ple...
Please send me your latest x ray of ankle joints, serum uric acid level. You can take sepia 30 / 5 drops in little water thrice a day for one week. Revert back after one week with feedback.
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I'm pregnant. My baby heart rate is 149bpm in 8th week and b160bpm in 11th week. I'm very curious about my baby gender. Any one tellmee what baby I'm having.

MS, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Gurgaon
I'm pregnant. My baby heart rate is 149bpm in 8th week and b160bpm in 11th week. I'm very curious about my baby gende...
Hello, its illegal in india to do sex determination of intra- uterine fetus. So please wait till delivery.
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My wife age is 30 years. Small hypodensities / artifacts in the bilateral frontal lobes, what is the main problem in the above decide?

MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Patna
Dear , this ct scan report is useless as it does not clarify between hypodensity and artefacts. Artefacts means there may be some defect in machine or material while doing the procedure. So it is better to do a mri brain/ repeat ct from some other place.
2 people found this helpful
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I had unprotected sex with my girlfriend on 17th Feb. She took ipill in 48th hour. Her menstruation due date was around 1st of march but started on 6th of march and continued for 4 days. Then after on 8th of march exactly 20 days after sex she took pregnancy test (via kit) and the result was negative. Can there be any possibility of pregnancy. Should we recheck again to get accurate results.

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, DNB, Fellowship in Infertility
Gynaecologist, Mumbai
I had unprotected sex with my girlfriend on 17th Feb.
She took ipill in 48th hour. Her menstruation due date was arou...
Once she had periods. Unlikely she would be pregnant because of the intimate act. But stop being a risk taker. Get to better and safe contraceptive.
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Hello my wife has pain in her breast in left side. Like muscle catch. When she lift anything from left hand she gets pain. And when she takes deep breath she gets pain. Only In left side below her Breast.

Fellow Breast Surgery (MUHS), DNB (General Surgery), MBBS
Oncologist, Aurangabad
The way you have described your wife's pain, it is unlikely, although not impossible, to be due to any disease in breast. If it would have been due to breast disease, other brest complaints like lump, heaviness, skin changes, blood or pus discharge, might have been present. But nothing can be said surely unless a doctor examines her. So it will be better to see a doctor relating to muscles and bone diseases, (orthopedician), to rule out cause of pain originating in the wall of the chest which lies below the breast. He will suggest solution as well as if a breast surgeon is to be seen or not. Hope this helps.
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I have swelling and pain in mah right breast when I concern to mah nearby doctor she told me that the disease name is costochondritis so will you pls tell me whether it is a serious issue or not whether there is a problem or tumor or not and if I want to make tests which test I should do.

MBBS, MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, FMAS, DMAS
Gynaecologist, Noida
I have swelling and pain in mah right breast when I concern to mah nearby doctor she told me that the disease name is...
Hello, COSTOCHONDRITIS is a rib AND CARTILAGE INFLAMMATION AND NOT BREST RELATED AT ALL. This can be controlled with NSAIDS.
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How to lose weight from thyroid and pcod problem and what diet to I have to take?

MBBS, DGO, MD, Fellowship in Gynae Oncology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
How to lose weight from thyroid and pcod problem and what diet to I have to take?
Start doing regular exercise or any workout. Quit coffee, canned and fried food. And get a proper diet chat from dietitian.
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I am married for 6 years and planning for kids for last 3 years .Doctors has advised that everything is normal and you keep trying for it. But I have a problem of premature ejaculation .is it in any way could be the cause that my wife is not conceiving. Please help.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Kolkata
I am married for 6 years and planning for kids for last 3 years .Doctors has advised that everything is normal and yo...
If you are achieving ejaculation within the vagina, then premature ejaculation is not the reason for not conceiving.
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ARTHRITIS PREVENTION

M. Ch. (Orthopedic), MS - Orthopaedics, Diploma In Orthopaedics (D. Ortho), MBBS
Orthopedist, Gurgaon
ARTHRITIS PREVENTION
The fact is, there is no sure way to prevent arthritis. But you can help to prevent, that is, reduce your risk, and delay the potential onset of certain types of arthritis. If you have healthy joints right now, do all you can now to maintain mobility and function and avoid the pain and disability associated with arthritis.

There are more than 100 types of arthritis and related conditions, and have all have risk factors, individual features, behaviors and circumstances that are associated with the disease.

There are risk factors that are not modifiable. That means there is nothing you can do about them. Being female and having a family history of arthritis (genetic profile) are two examples of factors that make people more likely – but not certain -- to get some types of arthritis.

In contrast, some risk factors are considered to be modifiable. They are the behaviors and circumstances that can be changed in order to reduce risk, delay onset or altogether prevent arthritis. Here are just a few examples arthritis and related diseases and associated modifiable risk factors:

Osteoarthritis – Maintain a healthy weight
Rheumatoid arthritis – Do not smoke
Gout – Eat a healthful diet, low in sugar, alcohol and purines
In some cases, preventing a prior incident can significantly reduce the risk of arthritis. Avoiding sports injuries through proper equipment, adequate training and safe play can prevent ACL (anterior cruciate ligament) tears that may lead to osteoarthritis in a few years or several decades later.

Right now, because scientists don’t fully understand the causes or mechanisms behind these diseases, true prevention seems to be impossible. However, there is real hope that someday some or all types of arthritis and related conditions can be prevented. The breakthroughs may be closer than they seem. Consider this: Many types of arthritis are thought to result from a combination of genetic predisposition and an environmental trigger, such as a virus or toxin. Discovery of the trigger for a type of arthritis may be the key to its prevention, even in someone with genetic risk.
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