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Dr. M.Selvaraj

Psychiatrist, Chennai

Dr. M.Selvaraj Psychiatrist, Chennai
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Our team includes experienced and caring professionals who share the belief that our care should be comprehensive and courteous - responding fully to your individual needs and preferences....more
Our team includes experienced and caring professionals who share the belief that our care should be comprehensive and courteous - responding fully to your individual needs and preferences.
More about Dr. M.Selvaraj
Dr. M.Selvaraj is a trusted Psychiatrist in Vanagaram, Chennai. Doctor is currently associated with Serene Life Hospital in Vanagaram, Chennai. You can book an instant appointment online with Dr. M.Selvaraj on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has an excellent community of Psychiatrists in India. You will find Psychiatrists with more than 28 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Psychiatrists online in Chennai and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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86/2A, 14/4C, 1st Floor,Kanniamman Nagar Main Road, Maduravoyal Earikkarai.Vanagaram, ChennaiChennai Get Directions
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How I can improve my brain memory because it is very poor. I forget many thing during examination which is prepared by me.

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician,
Strategies for Remembering 1.Become interested in what you're learning. We're all better remembering what interests us. Few people, for example, have a difficult time remembering the names of people they find attractive. If you're not intrinsically interested in what you're learning or trying to remember, you must find a way to become so. 2.Find a way to leverage your visual memory. You'll be surprised by how much more this will enable you to remember. For example, imagine you're at a party and are introduced to five people in quick succession. How can you quickly memorize their names? Pick out a single defining visual characteristic of each person and connect it to a visual representation of their name, preferably through an action of some kind. Remember: Memory is predominantly visual. 3.Create a mental memory tree. If you're trying to memorize a large number of facts, find a way to relate them in your mind visually with a memory tree. Construct big branches first, then leaves. Branches and leaves should carry labels that are personally meaningful to you in some way, and the organization of the facts (" leaves") should be logical. 4.Associate what you're trying to learn with what you already know. It seems the more mental connections we have to a piece of information, the more successful we'll be in remembering it. This is why using mnemonics. Write out the items to be memorized over and over and over. 5.When reading for retention, summarize each paragraph in the margin. This requires you to think about what you're reading, recycle it, and teach it to yourself again. Even take the concepts you're learning and reason forward with them; apply them to imagined novel situations, which creates more neural connections to reinforce the memory. 6.Do most of your studying in the afternoon. Though you may identify yourself as a" morning person" or" evening person" at least one Study. Suggests your ability to memorize isn't influenced as much by what time of day you perceive yourself to be most alert but by the time of day you actually study—afternoon appearing to be the best. 7.Get adequate sleep to consolidate and retain memories. Not just at night after you've studied but the day, you study as well. Far better to do this than to stay up cramming all night for an exam.
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What is the treatment for anxiety problem? how it can be cured? how much time it will take to cure? is the anxiety is a psychological problem?

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology
Psychologist, Palakkad
Anxiety is a psychological problem. You cannot fix a time limit to cure anxiety because it is a defense mechanism of your body. You should not try to cure it. If you cure it, your body' s defense mechanism is shattered. You must be able to distinguish between mental disease and mental disorder. Your problem is a mental disorder. Not a mental disease. Therefore no medicines are required. Mental disorder can be successfully treated with the help of awareness, meditation, psychotherapy techniques, life style changes etc. I think two or three counseling sessions and psycho therapy techniques should solve your problem. Let me know if you are willing to undergo counseling sessions and self esteem building therapy through mobile. Take care.
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Hello doctor my age 26 my problem is too much anxiety from my birth. Is problem se mera concentration week ho gya hai & always depressed, panic,aggressive, over pugessiv nature ho gya hai mera. How to kill this problem? I need to recover from this. Pls doctor suggest me homeopathy medicine single or mixture combination who is better for remove my problem for always.

Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd
Psychologist, Bangalore
Hello doctor my age 26 my problem is too much anxiety from my birth.
Is problem se mera concentration week ho gya hai...
You may either have a genetic predisposition towards depression and anxiety or there may be some childhood experiences contributing to this development. If you have an anger-related depression then there are some major ramifications to take into account. I believe there may be some genetic predisposition or there has been some childhood issue, related to anger, that needs urgent attention. You must go and meet with a counselor immediately and if that person advises that you meet with a doctor you must do so and cooperate to your utmost. Please visit these professionals along with your parents. In the meantime please do the following sincerely because you could resolve the problem better with good cooperation: Have a good night’s sleep, have a good breakfast of more proteins, meditate often, remain free of stress, eat a lot of fiber, nuts, avocado, exercise regularly, eat dark chocolate, do Yoga meditation exercises, etc. I suggest you do the opposite of what this depression makes you feel like doing (actually, not doing): you will need to fight this condition. You must become active; stay upright during the daylight time; meet people; never sleep during the day, wake up by 6 am every day, play some active games, especially contact games, do physical exercises, talk to people and join some social clubs, attend Yoga classes etc. Watch sitcoms on TV or comedies and cheer yourself up. Go for excursions in groups, for outings, camps, conferences, and religious conventions. Get a pet dog and spend time training it, exercising it and relating to it. Expose yourself to some sunlight every day, at least, 30 minutes but not in the scorching heat. Whatever happens, please incorporate these three important adaptations in your life: always be responsible, be respectful, and be functional. If you did these three, lots of things will go well in life. Please pray and have faith in God to alleviate your sufferings. Don’t wait for others to help. Use your own motivation, which might be at its lowest, but persevere and win this battle. Above all to be really happy, you need to live in love and for love. Learn all about emotions and how to handle them and that will get you out of the depression rather easily and quickly. A counselor is there only to facilitate you, all the hard word must come from you, and your cooperation with that person is very critical for your success. Be positive every day and learn to be contented with what you have. Do some left brain exercises: it is the happy brain. Here are a few suggestions: shut your left nostril and breathe, move your eyes from right to left and vice versa for at least half a minute at a time, and do callisthenic exercises with some form of counting, regularly. Whatever happens please cooperate with the therapy and do not discontinue until the condition is completely resolved.
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C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician,
10 Facts About Dreams
What Researchers Have Discovered About Dreams

Dreams can be fascinating, exciting, terrifying or just plain weird. Learn more about some of the things that researchers have discovered in these ten facts about dreams

1. Everybody Dreams
Men do it. Women do it. Even babies do it. We all dream, even those of us who claim not to. In fact, researchers have found that people usually have several dreams each night, each one lasting for between 5 to 20 minutes. During a typical lifetime, people spend an average of six years dreaming!

2. But You Forget Most of Your Dreams
According to estimates by dream researcher J. Allan Hobson, as much as 95 percent of all dreams are quickly forgotten shortly after waking. Why are our dreams so difficult to remember? According to one theory, the changes in the brain that occur during sleep do not support the information processing and storage needed for memory formation to take place. Brain scans of sleeping individuals have shown that the frontal lobes, the area that plays a key role in memory formation, are inactive during REM sleep, the stage in which dreaming occurs.

3. Not All Dreams Are In Color
While approximately 80 percent of all dreams are in color, there are a small percentage of people who claim to only dream in black and white. In studies where dreamers have been awakened and asked to select colors from a chart that match those in their dreams, soft pastel colors are those most frequently chosen.

4. Men and Women Dream Differently
Researchers have found a number of differences between men and women when it comes to the content of their dreams. In one study, men reported more instances of dreaming about aggression than women did. According to dream researcher William Domhoff, women tend to have slightly longer dreams that feature more characters. When it comes to the characters that typically appear in dreams, men dream about other men twice as often as they do about women, while women tend to dream about both sexes equally.

5. Animals Probably Dream
Have you ever watched a sleeping dog wag its tail or move its legs while asleep? While it's hard to say for sure whether the animal is truly dreaming, researchers believe that it is likely that animals do indeed dream. Just like humans, animals go through sleep stages that include cycles of REM and NREM sleep. In one study, a gorilla was taught sign language as a means of communication. At one point, the gorilla signed "sleep pictures" possibly indicating the experience of dreaming.

6. You Can Control Your Dreams
A lucid dream is one in which you are aware that you are dreaming even though you are still asleep. During this type of dream, you can often "direct" or control the content of the dream. Approximately half of all people can remember experiencing at least one instance of lucid dreaming, and some individuals are able to have lucid dreams quite frequently.

7. Negative Emotions Are More Common in Dreams
Over a period of more than forty years, researcher Calvin S. Hall collected more than 50,000 dream accounts from college students. These reports were made available to the public during the 1990s by Hall's student William Domhoff. The dream accounts revealed that many emotions are experienced during dreams including joy, happiness and fear. The most common emotion experienced in dreams was anxiety, and negative emotions in general were much more common than positive ones

8. Blind People Dream
While people who lost their eyesight prior to age five usually do not have visual dreams in adulthood, they still dream. Despite the lack of visuals, the dreams of the blind are just as complex and vivid as those of the sighted. Instead of visual sensations, blind individuals' dreams typically include information from the other senses such as sound, touch, taste, hearing and smell.

9. You Are Paralyzed During Your Dreams
REM sleep, the stage of sleep during which dreaming occurs, is characterized by paralysis of the voluntary muscles. Why? The phenomenon is known as REM atonia and prevents you from acting out your dreams while you're asleep. Basically, because motor neurons are not stimulated, your body does not move.

In some cases, this paralysis can even carry over into the waking state for as long as ten minutes, a condition known as sleep paralysis. Have you ever woken up from a terrifying dream only to find yourself unable to move? While the experience can be frightening, experts advise that it is perfectly normal and should last only a few minutes before normal muscle control returns.

10. Many Dreams Are Universal
While dreams are often heavily influenced by our personal experiences, researchers have found that certain themes are very common across different cultures. For example, people from all over the world frequently dream about being chased, being attacked or falling. Other common dream experiences include school events, feeling frozen and unable to move, arriving late, flying and being naked in public.

References
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How much hours do I sleep a day to get better result in working hours like I do jym and studying when I go to study I can not concentrate I feel like lazy and I can not focus on my studies.

MD - Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, Chennai
How much hours do I sleep a day to get better result in working hours like I do jym and studying when I go to study I...
Minimum 6 hours, Average 8 hours, Maximum 10 hours sleep, is required per day. Usually 7-8 hours is must for working people. All the best.
1 person found this helpful
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Hi. I have a major problem from my very small age. I feel very inferior and shy. I cannot able to go out and behave, perform as me. Now I'm 25. I cannot able to decide what I am going to do. Also I cannot have good relationship. Fear, inferior, shyness, lack of creativity are my problem. At my school days I want to became a sports person. But when ever I try to do some inner voice blames me im very greedy. Is it true or not? What should I do.

Masters in Clinical Psychology
Psychologist, Lucknow
Hi.  I have a major problem from my very small age. I feel very inferior and shy. I cannot able to go out and behave,...
Hi lybrate-user, we all have problems in life and sometimes it seems non manageable in that case its always better you speak to a professional i. E a psychologist. We should also pursue our dreams and make it true that doesn't make you greedy or anything like that. If you realize your full potential go for it. You need therapy for your shy and inferior attitude towards yourself.
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I am not able to sleep peacefully in night. Thinking about my past. I miss my husband before 4 yrs. I like him very much but he put divorce on me living with other girl. I'm cried a lot. I lost all my happiness.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology
Psychologist, Palakkad
I am not able to sleep peacefully in night. Thinking about my past. I miss my husband before 4 yrs. I like him very m...
Dear user. Because you are missing your husband, you could be depressed. Depressive disorder or depression is a neuro chemical disorder. You must be able to distinguish between mental disease and mental disorder. Your problem is a mental disorder. Not a mental disease. These mental disorders are usually treated with a combination of medicines and other means like awareness, meditation, Psychotherapy techniques, life style changes etc. Take care.
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I am student and I am not able to focus and study for long time. How to Focus on studies and study for longer hours?

Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd
Psychologist, Bangalore
Daily exercise of at least half an hour is a must. Even if you go to a gym, ask for aerobic and/or callisthenic exercises with whatever else you are doing. A healthy body harbors a healthy mind. With regard to memory, it is very important that your brain and body is ideally rested to be able to recall whatever is required, rather comfortably. Puzzles pose problems to the brain that help it to use new pathways and neurons, which give the brain considerable exercise. It taxes the left brain to use logic to solve the myriad possibilities which other activities do not stimulate. Crosswords are excellent for vocabulary learning and use. Jigsaws and Rubik cube stimulate different permutations to finally settle on the most likely one. Picture completion and anagrams help approach problem-solving from several angles. Do Sudoku, and memory co-relation activities and skills. Have a good night’s sleep, have a good breakfast of more proteins, meditate often, remain free of stress, eat a lot of fiber (whole grains, fruits and vegetables), nuts, avocado, eat dark chocolate, consume less of fat and use olive oil instead, do Yoga meditation exercises, etc. You need to check out if you are stronger visual or auditory. The visual is a better mode than the auditory. However, if you combine the two modes, you will get the best concentration. Have a special place of learning, which should be well lit, with soft painted walls, well-ventilated, with no distractions. When you get bored, study by writing. If you repeat learning, at least, five to seven times, you will apparently remember for a longer time. Sit comfortably but do not slouch. The reading material should be of a fairly large print. Study at small intervals of about 40 minutes and then take a break or change the subject. Short-term memory is a faculty of the left brain, and long-term memory is a feature of the right brain. When people are stressed, they tend to favor the right brain and abandon the left brain, where short-term memory resides. So, it is really very simple: deal with the stress and activate left brain functions. Here are a few suggestions to activate left brain function: shut your left nostril and breathe, move your eyes from right to left and vice versa for at least half a minute at a time, and do callisthenic exercises with some form of counting, regularly. There is a new exercise called Super Brain Yoga, which is done by holding the right earlobe with your left thumb and index finger, and the left earlobe with your right hand’s thumb and index finger. In this position, you must squat down and rise up and do this for five minutes every day. There is some memory enhancing techniques and study methods that your teacher will be able to guide you with. If your home life is full of distractions and stress, it is likely to affect your memory, adversely. In that case, I suggest that the family goes for counseling too. The following foods do help too: Blueberries, walnuts, turmeric, Spinach, tomatoes, broccoli, acorn squash, green tea, oily fish, boiled egg, turkey, apples, oatmeal, leafy greens, lentils, pumpkin seeds, avocado, cinnamon, thyme, sunflower seeds, and red wine. Avoid sugar and junk food.
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Hello, I am facing these below problems, Vaginal Dryness or Infections Painful Intercourse Anxiety Waking Up in Middle of Night Hot Flashes Recurring UTIs Stopping of Menses Incontinence Sagging Skin and Breasts Arthritis or Achy Joints Weak Bones and Muscle. Please help.

Advanced Aesthetics
Ayurveda, Gulbarga
Hello, 
 I am facing these below problems,
Vaginal Dryness or Infections
Painful Intercourse
Anxiety
Waking Up in Mid...
The symptoms of menopause include: ? Inhibition of menstrual phase of the reproductive cycle. ? Vaginal dryness. ? Loss of hair on the head and sometimes, spur of hairs on face. ? Mood swings. ? Hot flashes or night sweating. ? Abnormal weight gain. The symptoms of menopause can be highly distressing and may be alleviated by consuming a balanced and proper diet. Some of the foods that must be included in the diet of women undergoing menopause are melons, bananas, salmon, cabbage, cucumber, seaweeds, pumpkin, and apricots. There are also some foods that should be avoided or consumed in restricted quantities during this period. The foods that must be limited in the diet of menopausal women are: ? Potatoes must be restricted in diet. ? The amount of intake of caffeine must be limited and as such, the consumption of coffee, tea, and colas must be checked. Green tea can be a substitute for coffee. ? Refined foods must also be restricted in the diet. The most common refined food used in the households is refined oil like sunflower oil. It is recommended that you substitute these oils with unprocessed oils like wheat germ oil, virgin olive oil and flax oil. ? Women undergoing menopause must also cut back on their consumption of spicy foods. These foods may cause an inflammation of the lower part of the reproductive tubes, thereby aggravating the symptoms of menopause. ? Chocolates must also be restricted in the diet of women during menopause. ? Women in this phase of their lives are also advised to cut down on the intake of raw bran as this may inhibit calcium absorption leading to a weakening of the skeletal system. ? It is also recommended that you restrict the consumption of saturated fats like cheese and butter. ? Limit your intake of alcohol. ? Women must also limit their intake of salt as excessive consumption of salt may cause increases in blood pressure, palpitation, and other heart ailments.
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Hello sir/mam I am 24 yr old. I think I am suffering schizophrenia, I checked all my symptoms and got this result.Please suggest me about how to bear/tackle.

MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Delhi
Schizophrenia is a serious psychiatric disorder which should be diagnosed by a trained mental health professional and would need to be treated. The earlier the better. Please don't indulge in self diagnosis - go see a psychiatist
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Shiman dr. Sahab, namaskar, is samay subah ke 7/54 ho rahe hain. Aaj bhee mein abhee pooja kar ke uthaa hoon. Thaakur ji ka snaan ityadi to ho jaata hai, lekin dhyaan karte samay dimaag mein bhayanak shaklne aur drishy banne lagte hai. Man mein dar lagne lagta hai. Sanshay peda hone lagte hai, jeise ki shankar ji ko manu ya vishnu ji ko, achcha hanumaan ji mera kasht door karenege. In sabke chalte meri pooja adhoori rah jaati hai, to bhee man dara sa rehata hai. 2. Din bhar neend ki khumaari bani rehati hai. Jiske chalte mein apne parivaar se bhee door hota ja raha hoon. Unki samsyane sun kar bhee jhunjhlahat hoti hai. Kai baar bahut adhik gussa kar beithta hoon. Dear dr. Sir, I am a karmakandi brahmin and aacharya in astrology. But I know that I should take good guidance from dr. Too. Please help me. Now a days I am taking d velonor 50, two times, eseta 10, one in morning. And a tab. Clonet beta in moring. Please help me. I will be greatfull to you.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear, aapko obsessive thoughts aatha hai, pooja ke samai. Obsessive thoughts mane ocd nahi. Aap un thoughts se darte ho, is liye woh thoughts baar baar aatha hai. Aap pareshaan hote hai, or jyaada pareshaan hote ho, aur thoughts fir aate hai. Aap to bhakth hai. Ache dil wale ho. Bura kaam nahi karte ho. Aap jo bhi karte ho, aapse bhagwaan karaata hai. Samaj lo, bhagwan aapka dushman nahi, balki dosth hai. Dosth kabhi dosth ko pareshaan kar saktha hai? vishwaas karo, bhagwaan sabh sambhaal lega. Take care.
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Is there any medication I can safely take to improve my concentration? I have always suffered from our focus when carrying out intellectual activities. Largely reading. Though, it has never been severe enough to be a medical condition of the nature of ADHD. I would like to be able to read a book without my mind wandering off every 15secs.

BHMS
Homeopath, Faridabad
Hello, take Anacardium 30, 5 drops once daily for 10 days. Bacopa monnn. Q, 10 drops with water twice daily. Do meditation for half an hour in the morning daily. revert me after 10 days.
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I am addicted of smoking so please help me to quite this?

DNB in Psychiatry, completed course from Asha Hospital, Hyderbad
Psychiatrist,
Smoking can be stopped by using your motivation. Reduce the number of cigarettes per day then stop slowly.
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I am 27 years old lady with 1 baby girl. I have so many reasons to be happy but I cant feel happiness. Within 2 to 3 days I feel I lost everything. Nothing is going good to me. What should I do? I need the best sugestion please.

BASM, MD, MS (Counseling & Psychotherapy), MSc - Psychology, Certificate in Clinical psychology of children and Young People, Certificate in Psychological First Aid, Certificate in Positive Psychology
Psychologist, Palakkad
Dear, you have so many reasons to be happy. Over and above you have a two year angel. But why are you feeling lost. Are you disappointed due to some family problems? were you depressed during the delivery? you told nothing is going good for you. What are those nothing? please be detailed and post a private question to me. I will try to help you. Take care.
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I am 42 years old women. I was diagnosed with hypothyroidism in 2002 and on medication. From then I am complaining of imbalance, lack of focus, depression and all. I thought that some serious health condition. Gone to many doctors. No one could able to recognize anything except Thyroid. Now I am convinced that it is more psychological than physical. But knowing that it is psychological aggravated the problem. Too much of thoughts of depression, anxiety psychological disorder gives me fear and anxiety.

BDS, Certification in hypnotherapy, Certification in N.L.P, Certification in Gene and behavior, Psychology at Work
Psychologist, Gurgaon
I am 42 years old women. I was diagnosed with hypothyroidism in 2002 and on medication. From then I am complaining of...
You need to get help from a psychologist. You should realize that the origin point of anxiety and depression is in your head and the end will also be the same. Find someone who can help you put spotlight on the faulty thought pattern and one's life philosophy. Anxiety is always futuristic and a result of obsession with the outcome and fear of negative happening. It is an imagined negative future happening, whereas one does not realize that anticipated unpleasant-happening may or may not occur but one keeps burning in present to avoid & by fearing it!
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I am 21 years old male, and have memory loss for last 6 months. Please advice me and solve my problem.

Reparenting Technique, BA, BEd
Psychologist, Bangalore
If your level of stress is too much it can affect your memory. Do you recall any stress in the last 6 months? although concentration is different to memory, they can affect each other. Daily exercise of at least half an hour is a must. Even if you go to a gym, ask for aerobic and/or callisthenic exercises with whatever else you are doing. A healthy body harbors a healthy mind. With regard to memory, it is very important that your brain and body is ideally rested to be able to recall whatever is required, rather comfortably. Puzzles pose problems to the brain that help it to use new pathways and neurons, which give the brain considerable exercise. It taxes the left brain to use logic to solve the myriad possibilities which other activities do not stimulate. Crosswords are excellent for vocabulary learning and use. Jigsaws and rubik cube stimulate different permutations to finally settle on the most likely one. Picture completion and anagrams help approach problem solving from several angles. Do sudoku, and memory co-relation activities and skills. Have a good night? s sleep, have a good breakfast of more proteins, meditate often, remain free of stress, eat a lot of fiber (whole grains, fruits and vegetables), nuts, avocado, eat dark chocolate, do yoga meditation exercises, etc. You need to check out if you are stronger visual or auditory. The visual is a better mode than the auditory. However, if you combine the two modes, you will get the best concentration. Short-term memory is a faculty of the left brain, and long-term memory is a feature of the right brain. When people are stressed, they tend to favor the right brain and abandon the left brain, where short-term memory resides. So, it is really very simple: deal with the stress and activate left brain functions. Here are a few suggestions to activate left brain function: shut your left nostril and breathe, move your eyes from right to left and vice versa for at least half a minute at a time, and do callisthenic exercises with some form of counting, regularly. If your home life is full of distractions and stress, it is likely to affect your memory, adversely. In that case, I suggest that the family goes for counseling.
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I want you to help me out with a problem that I am enduring right now. I have been married for 10+ years with two kids. My husband has been suffering from erectile dysfunction for quite sometime and we had gone to a sexologist who suggested some routine tests and a penile doppler but the doctor had said that everything was normal with him but gave him Sifasi 5000 IU and asked him to inject it once in three days and also gave Arginitric to consume daily. This happened two months ago and he has been taking the meds off and on. The problem is that he still has the same problem and is anxious most of the time. He has lost interest in everything and he does not like to spend time with either me, the kids or his dog though he claims most of the time that I do not spend time with him. Last week he lied to me and spent time from morning till night with a colleague of his with whom he worked five years back (unmarried girl) and had gone to a film, restaurant and ECR and when he returned home at 10 p.m. I questioned him to which he said I did not have any right to question him. We had a fight and from then he is not talking to me. I want to know what his problem is and why he did such a thing all of a sudden. My kids and I are very upset because of his weird behaviour. Please help.

MD - Psychiatry, MBBS
Psychiatrist, Patna
he is having performance anxiety that gradually increased upto the level of reduced self esteem and confidence. definitely he needs your support and psychiatric medication.
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Introversion

MBA (HR), D.Sc, MS - Counselling and Psychotherapy, M.Sc - Psychotherapy
Psychologist, Pune
Introversion

The four faces of introversion

1. Shy-secure people: don’t have a strong need to be around people, and don’t tend to worry about talking to new people. They can socialise if they need to, but they general prefer to be by themselves and to do things on their own.

2. Shy-withdrawn people: suffer from social anxiety. They are highly sensitive to perceived rejection, are anxious of negative evaluation, and are afraid of doing something embarrassing. They suffer more anxiety than people who are shy-secure.

3. Shy-dependent people: are overly helpful, accommodating, self-effacing and compliant. They have a strong need to be with other people but they feel they are inferior or “not good enough”. They have good social skills and are pleasant company – but they give up their true self in their desire to fit in.

4. Shy-conflicted people: vacillate between wanting to be around other people and then pulling back (as social situations are a real source of stress). This group of people experience the most stress and anxiety.

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Psychiatrist, Kollam
Signs and symptoms of depression

Low mood
Decreased energy
Loss of interest in activities
Unable to derive pleasure from pleasurable activities
Indecisive mind
Decreased concentration
Ideas of worthlessness, helplessness, hopelessness
Suicidal ideas
Ideas of guilt
Decreased sleep
Decreased appetite
Decreased sexual interest
Pessimistic view about future
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3 Cigarettes a Day - Know How it Affects Your Health

MBBS, Diploma in Tuberculosis and Chest Diseases (DTCD)
Pulmonologist, Nanded
3 Cigarettes a Day - Know How it Affects Your Health

Smoking can cause irreparable damage to your mind and body. Chemicals in the tobacco travel to all parts of the body, leaving no area unaffected. According to available data, smoking causes 30% of all cancer deaths and about 80% deaths from emphysema and bronchitis. In addition to adversely affecting yourself, smoking also has a severe impact on your near and dear ones. According to WHO, about 600,000 people die every year from passive smoking. Out of the deaths that occur due to this, 1/3rd is that of children.

The Indian situation
While 85% of tobacco users worldwide consume it in the form of cigarettes, in India only 13% use it in that form. Additionally, 54% use it in the form of beedis. A study conducted on Indian smokers has revealed that an average of 8.2 cigarettes is smoked by an individual daily.

The study also revealed that the number of cigarettes smoked every year had grown to over 6 trillion. While 1 out of 10 adults dies from tobacco use worldwide, 5% of deaths in women and 20% of deaths in men in India are caused by cigarette and beedi smoking.

What happens when you smoke?
Cigarette smoke is made up of 4000 chemicals that are present either as tiny particles or gases and about 50 are known to lead to cancer, the toxin nicotine being one of them. In addition to nicotine, the chemicals that make up cigarette smoke also include tar and carbon monoxide. Prolonged exposure to these toxins can hamper your body's ability to filter air and clean the lungs. The smoke not only irritates the lungs but also causes excess production of mucus.

It also causes a paralysis of the tiny hair-like structures like cilia that line the airways and are responsible for removing dust and dirt from the organ. Paralysis of these hair-like structures also causes a buildup of mucus and toxic substances, leading to lung congestion. The extra mucus that is produced causes smokers to suffer from the very ubiquitous smoker's cough and chronic bronchitis.

It's also one of the many triggers of asthma, which brings about the narrowing and inflammation of the airways. Long-term exposure to tobacco smoke causes the destruction of the structure of the lung, walls of the airways as well as lung tissue. The result is a condition known as emphysema. Additionally, smoking also leads to cancer of the lung and over 80% lung cancer cases occur due to this habit. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a doctor and ask a free question.

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