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My psa levels are normal for the past 10 years. I have mild enlargement of prostate the size in the recent ultra sound was found to be 20-30. The size of the kidneys are also ok only in the right kidney there is a simple cyst as per radiologist. I am taking contiflo 0.4 mg for the last one & half year. Should I continue taking medicine or consider surgery.
The fallopian tubes are a couple of thin tubes that act as a vehicle in transporting a woman’s eggs (ova) from her ovaries (where they are housed) to her uterus (otherwise known as the ‘womb’) where they are either fertilized by the male sperm or disposed off during menstruation. Fallopian tube cancer, otherwise known as tubal cancer, forms in the fallopian tubes that connect the ovaries and the uterus.
It is hard to see a tumour or growth developing within a tube. This makes fallopian tube cancer hard to diagnose and complicated to manage as well.
If you do have fallopian tube cancer, it is vital to get a quick diagnosis as promptly as possible. This will help you to get effective treatment. However, diagnosing fallopian tube cancer can be challenging because of the following:
It is an uncommon kind of cancer.
The indications are vague and like those of different other conditions.
Discovering a tumour inside the Fallopian tube is troublesome.
In case you have symptoms that may point at fallopian tube cancer, your specialist will conduct a thorough physical examination and get some information about your lifestyle and your family history. A pelvic examination will be done to examine your uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes and vagina. If a tumour is found, your specialist will do some more tests.
At least one of the accompanying tests might be utilised to see whether you have fallopian tube cancer and if it has spread. These tests additionally might be used to see whether the treatment is working. These diagnostic tests may include the following:
Ultrasound of the Pelvis: This test is helpful. However, in case that your specialist still suspects fallopian tube cancer, he or she will arrange a transvaginal ultrasound. During this test, a probe will be put into the vagina to deliver a photo of the inner organs. A transvaginal ultrasound is the best method for imaging the fallopian tubes.
CT or CAT (computed axial tomography) scan
MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) scan
CA125 test: This blood test checks the levels of CA125, a known tumour marker for gynecologic cancers. An abnormal state of CA125 may mean you need to have more tests. However, it does not necessarily mean you have fallopian tube cancer. Serum levels of a marker called CA-125 can be unusually high in patients with gynecologic infections in cancer and non-cancer sorts, that is, pelvic inflammatory infection, endometriosis and early pregnancy. CA-125 can be non-specific and might be elevated because of numerous issues that are not cancer related.
I am taking urimax d for prostate treatment. Are any side effects of this medicine. My age is 66 years. I am not taking any other medicines. Thanks.
I am having enlarged prostate. Can you suggest a good treatment for the same. I had taken dutas for 30 days with notice able improvement and then fearing side effects stopped it.
Lungs are the most important organ of our body that has the responsibility of taking in the oxygen and releasing out carbon dioxide. When cancer develops in it, the entire body gets imbalanced. Lung cancer leads to more death than any other type of cancer, which is why identifying the symptoms and knowing the causes are instrumental in obtaining a timely diagnosis as well as in prevention of this disease.
Symptoms of Lung Cancer
In the early stages:
- Persistent coughing
- Chest pain
- Loss of appetite
- Sudden weight loss
- Coughing up blood
In the later stages:
Smoking: People who smoke are more prone to lung cancer. With the increase in the number of cigarettes you smoke, your chances of getting lung cancer increase too. People who don't smoke but are surrounded by the smokers also have high chances of being affected by this form of cancer.
Exposure to Asbestos: Asbestos is a group of mineral, which is present naturally in the environment. Lung cancer can occur due to the inhalation and ingestion of asbestos fibers.
Exposure to Ranon Gas: Ranon is a radioactive gas, which is formed naturally on decaying of radioactive elements. It is found in low levels in the air that we breathe and the water that we drink. Consumption of air and water having this gas leads to lung cancer.
High Levels of Air Pollution: Presence of high levels of dust particles and pollutants in the air that we breathe can cause lung cancer. 1-2% of lung cancer is caused because of it.
High Levels of Arsenic in Drinking Water: Consuming water with arsenic content is harmful as it directly affects the lungs and when the arsenic content is too high, it may lead to lung cancer.
Exposure to Chemicals: Exposure to certain chemicals like uranium, coal products, gasoline, diesel exhaust and mustard gas can also cause lung cancer.
Family History of Lung Cancer: Chances of getting lung cancer increase if your parents, child or siblings are already prone to lung cancer.
My grandfather has recently get some test and it detected prostate cancer. In further reports the gleason score is 8 with serum psa 13.4 ng/ml. Can this be diagnosed?
Prostate surgery done in december, 2018. I am diabetic and 67 years old. As per doctor's advice, I have been doing kegel exercise. Taking good and measured food, medicines, walking, other exercises also doing regularly. But, erectile dysfunction problem not improved. Kindly advise.
Testicular cancer is mostly witnessed among young adults in the age range of 24–35. It results from the growth of abnormal cells in the testes. It is not the most common type of cancer found in the body, but can pose a serious threat to an individual if not treated early. The cure rate is one of the highest among all kinds of cancer found in the body. This being said, the rate of cure is totally dependent on the stage of detection.
Risk Factors for Testicular Cancer
The historical trend of testicular cancer suggests that white men are prone to this type of cancer than their African, Asian and Latino counterparts. A person with a family history of testicular cancer of HIV is at higher risk of getting this disease. Some other risk factors include Klinefelter’s syndrome and cryptorchidism.
Protection from Testicular Cancer
There is no hard and fast rule of protection. It is suggested that the testicles get evaluated while routine medical check-up. A person with a family history of testicular cancer should opt for a periodic checkup after every three months. In case a patient has already recovered from testicular cancer, routine medical tests are a must to ensure non-recurrence.
Symptoms of Testicular Cancer
The common symptom is a swelling in the testicle. It feels like a thickening of the testicle and is mostly painless. Minor discomfort in the swelling region is often reported. Some other symptoms include back pain, ache in the scrotum and groin, change in the size of the testicle, bloating of the lower abdomen and heavy sensation of the scrotum. There is a rare form of this cancer, which produces a female hormone called estrogen in a man’s body. This disease results in a lack of sexual desire, lump in the affected area, etc. Even less serious testicular cancer might show these symptoms. An oncologist should be immediately consulted if one or more of these symptoms surfaces.
What are the treatment options?
Testicular cancer is mostly cured with the help of a surgery. A follow-up radiation and chemotherapy is suggested by doctors to destroy the surrounding cells. It is done to ensure that the cancer cells do not spread easily and the chance of recurrence is minimal. The rate of cure depends on early detection.
Does testicular cancer affect sexuality?
In most of the cases, testicular cancer is detected in one testicle. If this is the case, the other testicle produces all the hormones needed for sexual drive. It also does not affect sex drive, beard and muscularity. There is also a large section of patients who reported of a difficult sexual life after the surgery. There can be some discomfort in the scrotum as well.
I am a 29 years old female. Recently I have undergone breast scan on my left breast for abscess detection. The doctor told me that it is in resolving stage hence no need to worry. However, in the report, it is also mentioned as axillary lymphadenopathy. The doctor has told me nothing about this while scanning. Can you please help me understand about this.
According to World Health Organization, cancer cases have been doubled in past 30 years. Cancer is a life-threatening disease, so the psychiatric problems in cancer patients are also very major. At least one-third of the cancer patients face psychiatric problems. Due to increased mortality, patient start to develop psychiatric disorders.
Psychological Problems in Cancer Patients:
There are two major psychological disorders which are common in cancer patients:
Depression and Anxiety: Grieving over the life chances due to cancer is normal. Life suddenly depends on other. However, if a person is sad for a long duration of time and cannot overcome, there are chances that they might be suffering from cancer. Depression can cause a lot of harm to the patient, physically and emotionally. Patient usually loses interest in getting the cancer treatment, and it also causes distress emotionally. If the symptoms of clinical depression are clear to the patient or the people around them, it is strongly recommended to start taking therapy session.
Some of the most common symptoms of depression are:
Being hopeless and unmotivated
Losing interest in all activities which were fun before
Trouble in concentration
Doubting the self-worth
Regular suicidal thoughts
Huge weight loss or gain
Always feeling tired
What to Do If Someone Going Through Cancer Depression?
Let them know that treatment of cancer will help them improve their condition. There is no reason to be hopeless as cancer is curable. Reassurance is the key.
Try to keep the patient busy with a conversation or activities that they enjoy. Never leave them alone.
Encourage them to do mild exercises every day.
Tell them being optimistic is the way to go for cancer treatment.
Tell them to continue with cancer treatment. It also helps with depression if the condition of the patient improves.
Let them know they are not alone.
Treatments to Cure Psychiatric Problems:
Apart from the support from family and friend which definitely helps the patient, there are few clinical methods which help in curing psychiatric problems in cancer patients.
Medication: It can be very useful for the patients when it is consulted with the doctor. Medication should not affect the cancer treatment. Some people respond to therapy in a positive way. People with severe depression are recommended to medication and the psychotherapy as well.
Psychotherapy: Therapy goes a long way for cancer patients, as it helps them to talk openly and tell their perspective. Therapy focuses on changing the thought process of a cancer patient. A therapist gives a valid reason and approach to the patient with a problem-solving attitude. Therapy helps the patient with rational thinking and generates a positive attitude towards life. By eliminating negative thoughts in the patient, therapist encourages the patient to go on with the treatment and be optimistic.
There are many treatment options, but it is always advisable to consult a doctor before opting for any treatment. Since everyone is different from other, their condition causes and symptoms also differ from one other, consulting a doctor is always a great and a safe idea.