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The kidneys filter the blood and eliminate the waste products through urine. The waste deposition is sometimes in the form of excessive calcium, uric acid and other undesirable contents. It causes the urine to get highly saturated. The solid depositions then turn into stone like formations, also termed as renal lithiasis or calculi. There are different kinds of kidney stones, which are differentiated based on its varied constituents. Kidney stones cause excruciating pain and uneasiness. Frequent urination and discomfort during urination, presence of blood in the urine, are some major signs of kidney stones.
Kidney stones can be prevented by maintaining a healthy lifestyle and a balanced diet with sufficient nutrients:
- Calcium and oxalate-rich food should be consumed together. This leads to the binding of calcium and oxalate together in the stomach intestines, before they can be processed in the kidneys. This helps to control the formation of calcium and oxalate depositions in the kidneys.
- Do not cut down on calcium. Since most of the kidney stones are found to be calcium depositions, many people tend to cut down on their calcium intake. It is important to continue with food that is rich in calcium such as milk. However, it is necessary to reduce intake of other calcium supplements. Decrease in calcium can lead to degeneration and deformation in bones and muscles.
- Too much of red meat consumption and high fat dairy products can lead to the formation of stones in the kidneys. Animal protein is rich in purine that increases uric acid, saturating the urine and creating stones. It is important to balance your diet by including lots of green vegetables, whole grains, fibres, fruits and low-fat dairy products. Opt for non-animal protein such as lentils or legumes.
- Cut down on sugary and aerated drinks. They contribute to the formation of depositions due to their high and unhealthy levels of fructose and preservatives.
- Reduce or abstain from alcohol. Alcohol is known for its multiple disadvantages to the human body. It has also been found to increase the levels of uric acid in blood.
- Keep your body hydrated. Drink adequate quantity of water throughout the day, preferably 3 litres or more depending on your physical activities. It prevents the solidification of the depositions and helps to eliminate wastes smoothly.
- Increase the intake of anti-oxidants in the form of green tea, dark chocolates and fruits.
- Lower the intake of salt.
In case you have a concern or query you can always consult an expert & get answers to your questions!
My wife age is 45. Recently she has gone for a routine health check up and in complete urine test, in this test under microscopic RBC of 6 to 8 present. Serum creatinine is 0 .7 and HB is 11.4. No other problems. So this blood in urine can effect her health. Suggest any medicine. Her height 162 cm and weight is 65 kgs.
Hi I am Male 23 years old Unmarried, I have stared Damiaplant drops. Before that I had use R41 after taking this R41 Drops thoda effect lga kuchh din tk but mujhe abhi bhi urine me white white Patla sperm Aata hai and one more thing 1 year bad mere shadi hai please suggest me what should I do. And 30 sec maximum my stamina in sex and not Fully erect please suggest me. Damiaplant drops is best for me or not. Thanks.
My TSH level is 6.2 but T3 101 T4 is 10. TSH is high and T3 T4 is normal. Now I feel pain during pee. Stools are not of proper colour. I feel some kind of irritation whole day (irritation like child take lot of sugar then he feel pain in his toilet area just like that I feel whole day. I hope you are understanding me. Is this part of thyroid problem?
My husband is having a severe pain in stomach for past three days and we took a scan today which says" RT kidney measures 10. 6x3.9cmLT kidney measures 11. 2x5.5cmcalculus measuring 3 mm is noted in the left distal ureter, just proximal to the vesicoureteral junction Left distal ureteric calculus causing mild hydroureteronephrosis. Does this need surgery or can it be cured with medicine?
Hi Sir, I'm 22 years old Femal mujay urin ki problem hai. Mujay urin ki ek dam se hajat hoti he or tez chubhan b hoti he or me control nai kr pati .flush pe bethtay bethtay hi nikal jata he kai dafa bethney se pehlay hi nikal jata he. Me bahut depressed hu iss waja se. Please koi esi med. Btaen jis se foran theek ho jaey. please jldi reply kijyey ga. Or kya ap ki suggessted med. Doosrey mumalik mn available hoti he like PAKISTAN?
Dear Sir, My Mother is suffering from creatinine level of 3.1. Please suggest an elaborate vegetarian diet (as to what she can have for breakfast-lunch-dinner).
Mam mujhe kafi long time se urine pass krte waqt jalan hoti h. Mere 2 baby h wo caeseran se hua h. Mere gall bladder mein stone bhi h.Kya mam mein jalan gall stone ki waje se ho rhi h mujhe? Maine bahut medicine leli h but koi farak nhi lg raha.Please bataiye
Our kidneys act as filters which constantly flushes out toxins and excess minerals with water in form of urine. Urine contains lots of minerals which may precipitate and form stones. Urine has lots of pro-precipitating agents and anti-precipitating agents. When their balance disturbs due to some disease, stones start forming. These stones may often lead to abdominal pain which is referred to as renal colic.
What exactly is renal colic?
Renal or ureteric colic is the term used for typical pain in one side of abdomen in flank region starting from back and radiating forward towards lower abdomen up to scrotum. This is usually associated with nausea, vomiting and urinary discomfort. There may be blood in urine.
How kidney stones are related to renal colic?
Kidney stones usually form inside kidney and lies there without causing any pain. But whenever they are dislodged and stuck at mouth of kidney (pelvis) or anywhere in ureter, they block the passage of urine of that kidney. This causes swelling in kidney termed as hydronephrosis. This swelling in kidney causes renal / ureteric colic. This colic is protective phenomenon and tries to push out the stones. Small stones do come out in urine by this natural process. This spontaneous expulsion of small stones is common and many local practitioners used to get credit of it feigning benefit of their medicine. However large stones need some form of intervention to come out. Otherwise, they do harm to kidneys in long term.
Symptoms of kidney stones along with renal /ureteric colic -
- Most stones which are lying in calyces of kidney are asymptomatic
- Nausea & vomiting
- Frequent urinary tract infections
- Fever with chills
- Foul smelling urine
- Hesitency, frequency and burning in urination
- Blood in urine (urine with a reddish, pink or brownish hue)
- Passage of small stones in urine
Treatment of renal colic
Treatment of ureteric/renal stones involves control of symptoms and stone removal.
- Expectant Treatment or Medical Expulsion Therapy: Small stones of less than 4 mm size usually pass on its own and some medicines like alpha-blockers and steroid hasten up their expulsion. Medium size stone (4-6 mm), sometimes passes with aid of these medications. But stones larger than 6 mm usually require intervention.
- Lithotripsy: This method involves breaking of stones by shock waves into small dusty particles which pass through urine on its own. This is usually suitable for stones upto 1.5 cm and lying in kidneys. This is non-operative treatment which can be done on OPD or Daycare basis.
- Ureteroscopy (URS): This method involves entry of very thin semirigid scope through urethra into ureter. Stone is broken by LASER and removed. This involves single day admission and spinal anaesthesia.
- RIRS- Retrograde Intra Renal Surgery: In this method very thin flexible scope in maneuvered through urethra into the upper ureter and pelvi-calyceal system of kidney. Stones in kidney or upper ureter are broken by LASER and removed. This is also done under anaesthesia and requires a day admission.
- Mini- PCNL: This method is suitable for large renal stones. In this technique, a small hole is made into the kidney through back and tiny scope is entered into the kidney. Stones are broken by LASER and removed. This is done under anaesthesia and require two to three days admission.