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We are dedicated to providing you with the personalized, quality health care that you deserve....more
We are dedicated to providing you with the personalized, quality health care that you deserve.

Timings

MON-SUN
09:00 AM - 09:00 PM

Location

No.12, C.P. Ramaswamy Iyer Road, Natesan Colony, Alwarpet
Alwarpet Chennai, Tamil Nadu - 600018
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Doctors in Apollo Spectra Hospital ( Apollo Day Surgery )

Dr. Hema Tharoor

MBBS, DNB (Psychiatry), DPM (Psychiatry)
Psychiatrist
25 Years experience
1000 at clinic
₹800 online
Unavailable today

Dr. J.Arun Kumar

MBBS, MS - Opthalmology, DNB - Ophthalmology
Ophthalmologist
20 Years experience
Unavailable today

Dr. Chitra

Gynaecologist
1000 at clinic
Unavailable today

Dr. Sharada Srinivas

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MRCPS, MRCP (Paed)
Pediatrician
32 Years experience
1000 at clinic
Unavailable today
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Specialities

Gynaecology

Gynaecology

A branch of medicine reserved especially for treating female conditions of the reproductive system
Ophthalmology

Ophthalmology

Concerns itself with the treatment of diseases related to the eye
Pediatrics

Pediatrics

Aim to offer the best form of childcare to infants and children up to 18 years
Psychiatry

Psychiatry

Offers specific care to patients with any kind of mental illness or behavioural disorders
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Knee Pain - How Physiotherapy Can Help?

BPTh/MPT
Physiotherapist, Jaipur
Knee Pain - How Physiotherapy Can Help?

Knee pain or injuries are very common and have numerous causes. Knee pain can emerge from delicate tissue wounds like ligament sprains and muscle strains. Bone conditions like knee joint pain, Osgood Schlatters, and biomechanical dysfunction can also cause knee pain. Treatment can include basic knee mobilization techniques, taping, massages or knee strengthening exercises completely through a careful recovery method after knee replacement or reconstruction.

Physiotherapy can help you overcome the pain and increase your strength and flexibility. A physiotherapist can suggest you a number of treatments and also help you understand your issue and get you back to your everyday routine. Physiotherapists are said to be successful in getting rid of the source of the knee pain by diagnosing a cause. This includes tightness around the knee and treating it with stretching and exercises.

Following are some of the exercises a physiotherapist might generally recommend for knee pain:

  1. Hamstring stretch: Stretching keeps you flexible and increases your scope of movement, or how far you can move your joints in different directions. It additionally helps you reduce your chances of injuries and pain. Continuously warm up with a five minute walk first. Lie down when you are prepared to stretch your hamstring. Circle a bed sheet around your right foot, use the sheet to pull the leg up and hold for twenty seconds and then lower the leg. Repeat twice and switch legs.
  2. Calf stretch: Use a chair for balance. Bend your left leg. Step back with your right leg and gradually straighten it behind you. Press your left heel toward the floor. You should feel the stretch in the calf of your back leg. Hold for 20 seconds. Repeat twice and then switch legs.
  3. Straight leg raise: It helps build muscle strength to give support to the weak joints. Lie on the floor. Twist your left knee, foot on the floor. Keep the right leg straight, toes pointed up. Tighten your thigh muscles and raise your right leg.
  4. Quad set: With these, you don't raise your leg. Just tighten the thigh muscles, also called the quadriceps, of one leg at once. Begin by lying on the floor. Keep both legs on the ground, loose. Flex and hold the left leg tense for five seconds and then relax. Do three sets of ten repetitions. Switch legs after every set.
  5. Cushion squeeze: This move strengthens your legs from the inside so that they can support the knees. Lie on your back, both knees facing inwards. Place a cushion or a pillow between the knees. Press your knees together, squishing the cushion between them. Hold for five seconds and then relax. Do three sets of ten repetitions. Switch legs after every set.
  6. Heel raise: Stand tall and hold the back of a seat for support. Lift your heels off the ground and rise on the toes of both feet. Hold for three seconds. Gradually lower both heels to the ground. Do three sets of ten repetitions.

Why Do You Need Knee Replacement?

MBBS, M.S., M.Ch - Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Lucknow
Why Do You Need Knee Replacement?

Knee replacement is a surgery wherein an artificial joint is used to replace a diseased, damaged or worn out knee. This surgery is common among people who fall in the age group of 60-80, but recent trends seem to suggest that younger people are opting for this surgery as well. The lifetime of the artificial knee joint is around 20 years, provided the knee is well cared for.

Why do you need knee replacement?

Most common reason is “high grade osteoarthritis” due to wear and tear of the knee joint. The pre-hospital study of the Knee joint is mandatory and would decide what kind of Replacement is suitable to the patient. If there is diabetes or hypertension associated with this, then it should be controlled well before undergoing surgery. Hemoglobin of at least 10 gm% is required.

If the mobility in your knee joint is reduced leading to impaired functioning of the knee joint, then you might need a knee replacement surgery. You may experience pain while walking, sitting and, in some cases, resting as well.

Some of the common reasons why you may opt for this particular surgery are:

  1. Gout, where, small crystals are formed inside the joint.
  2. Rheumatoid Arthritis, an autoimmune disorder, wherein the immune system of the body attacks the body’s healthy tissues.
  3. Hemophilia, wherein, the blood ceases to clot normally.
  4. Injuries to the knee.
  5. Disorders that cause unusual bone growth (bone dysplasias).
  6. Death of bone in the knee joint following blood supply problems (avascular necrosis).
  7. Knee deformity with pain and loss of cartilage.
  8. Unusual growth of bones in the knee joint.

Knee replacement surgery is classified into:

  1. Partial Knee Replacement: In this surgery, only one part of the joint is replaced.
  2. Total Knee Replacement: Total knee replacement surgery involves replacement of both sides of the knee joint.

The usual hospital stay period is around 2-3 days after the surgery is completed. Initially, you will require the help of crutches to walk for at least 2 months. You may also be asked to do gentle knee strengthening exercises. It may take up to 3 months to recover completely from a knee replacement surgery.

What Are The Causes And Symptoms Of Epilepsy?

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MD - General Medicine, DM - Neurology
Neurologist, Faridabad
What Are The Causes And Symptoms Of Epilepsy?

Epilepsy is a neurological disease which is characterised by recurring epileptic seizures. These seizures can be brief or can persist for prolonged periods. Vigorous episodes which last long can result in physical injuries such as broken bones. Mention that 6th February is International epilepsy day.

Causes of Epilepsy
The cause of this condition isn’t very evident; however, most medical practitioners attribute epileptic seizures to brain injury, tumours, infections in the brain or birth defects. Some doctors believe that epilepsy is caused due to genetic mutations and is an outcome of abnormal activity of cells in the brain. Other causes for this condition can be alcohol or narcotics withdrawal and electrolyte problems.

Symptoms

  1. Repeated seizures
  2. Impaired memory
  3. Bouts of fainting
  4. Short spans of blackout
  5. Sudden bouts of blinking and chewing
  6. Panic
  7. Inappropriate repetitive movements

Types of Seizures
A seizure, also known as fit, is usually a brief episode characterised by uncontrollable jerking movement and loss of awareness due to abnormal neuronal activity in your brain. A collective occurrence of these seizures causes epilepsy.

There are three types of seizures an epileptic person usually encounters.

  1. Idiopathic: This kind of seizure has no apparent cause
  2. Cryptogenic: The doctors believe that there is a cause for the seizure but cannot detect it
  3. Symptomatic: These seizures occur due to a reason.

Treatments

  1. Medication: Medication is the most common treatment in case of epilepsy. Drugs taken on a regular basis can stop the seizure partially. But in very severe cases, they seem to have no effect at all.
  2. Surgery: For symptomatic seizures which are caused due to abnormal brain function, surgery can be a way to get rid of seizures. In some minor cases, nerve stimulation in the brain and special diets can be prescribed to control the epileptic seizures.

Five facts about epilepsy you need to know:

  • Epilepsy is not psychosis or madness and can be treated easily 
  • Popular celebraties with epilepsy include Aristotle, Alfred Nobel, Alexander the great, Sir Isaacs Newton, Martin Luther and Julius Caesar etc. 
  • Woman with epilepsy can have a normal pregnancy 
  • Newer medicines for epilepsy are effective and very safe 
  • Surgery can cure epilepsy in some patients.

How Much Salt Should We Take?

MD - Medicine, DM - Nephrology, MBBS
Nephrologist, Guwahati
How Much Salt Should We Take?

What is salt and sodium?

Salt is made of sodium (40% by weight) and chloride (60% by weight). Sodium is a crucial electrolyte in the body. Sodium is an essential nutrient necessary for maintenance of plasma volume and blood pressure, acid-base balance, transmission of nerve impulses and normal cell function.

Different types of salt?

  • Table salt or common salt
  • Sea salt
  • Himalayan rock salt (sendha namak and black salt)

The primary advantages of various types of salts other than common salt is having trace minerals (in very small amounts) and lack of processing and additives.

How salt intake normally?

WHO recommends that adults consume less than 5 g (just under a teaspoon) of salt per day. This goes around 2300mg of sodium per day. But, most Indian people consume too much salt - on average 9-12 grams per day.

What are health hazards of high salt intake?

How high intake of sodium cause kidney disease?

High salt intake is associated with kidney disease by two mechanisms:

Causing hypertension, vascular injury and proteinuria.

FOOD containing high salts?

Fast foods, preserved and packaged foods like:

  • Prickles
  • Anchovies
  • Soups
  • Bread products
  • Prawns
  • Salted and dry-roasted nuts
  • Salt fish
  • Smoked meat and fish
  • Soy sauce
  • Stock cubes

Many snack foods - chips, crackers, and pretzels - contain several hundred milligrams of sodium per serving.

Conditions where low salt is beneficial?

Hypertension, Heart Failure, Kidney disease, Nephrotic syndrome, Kidney stones and Patient on diuretics or ACEi or ARB.

How to reduce sodium (salt) intake?

  • Not adding salt during the preparation of food
  • Not having a salt shaker on the table
  • Limiting the consumption of salty snacks
  • Choosing products with lower sodium content
  • Remove salt from recipes whenever possible
  • Use salt substitutes wisely
  • Eat more fresh fruits and vegetables and low-fat dairy
  • Use onions, garlic, herbs, spices, citrus juices and vinegars in place of some or all of the salt to add flavour
  • Drain and rinse canned beans (like chickpeas, kidney beans, etc.) and vegetables
  • Combine lower-sodium versions of food with regular versions. This will not differ much in taste. This works especially well for broths, soups and tomato-based pasta sauces.
  • Cook pasta, rice and hot cereal without salt
  • Cook by grilling, braising, roasting, searing and sautéing to bring out natural flavors. This will reduce the need to add salt
  • Incorporate foods with potassium like sweet potatoes, potatoes, greens, tomatoes.
3 people found this helpful

Depression - What Causes It?

MSc. Counselling psychology, Certification in Learning Disability (CLD), PG Diploma in Family & Marriage Counseling
Psychologist, Hyderabad
Depression - What Causes It?

Life is constant game of changes and people who can adapt to it and move on generally tend to find their pockets of happiness. From bad finances to lack of love to a near ones loss, each of us constantly face struggles that can leave us drained and depressed. People often work on these external factors to find their happiness. Those who suffer from depression as an illness though find it taking over multiple spheres of their lives disabling them from doing routine tasks with ease. Depression, like other diseases, can also have a biological origin. 

Several theories concerning the biologically based cause of depression have been suggested over the years. Simply put, chemical imbalance in the brain can be a trigger to depression. As the 'command center' of our body, the brain uses a number of chemicals as messengers to communicate with other parts of itself and with the nervous system. These chemical messengers, called neurotransmitters are released and received by the brain's nerve cells called neurons. Neurons are constantly communicating with each other by way of exchanging neurotransmitters. This communication system is essential to all of the brain's functions.

Among the biological causes of depression, the most prominent and widely researched is the monoamine hypothesis. The three main monomine triggers of imbalances that trigger depression are neurotransmitters called serotonin, norepinephrine and dopamine. Serotonin regulates functions like sleep, aggression, eating, sexual behavior, and mood. Similarly, the catecholamine hypothesis suggests that a deficiency of the neurotransmitter norepinephrine (also known as noradrenaline) in certain areas of the brain was responsible for creating depressed mood. Norepinephrine helps our bodies to recognize and respond to stressful situations. 

Dopamine plays in important role in helping each of us seek out our 'high' or 'pleasure' from rewards. Low dopamine levels may in part explain why depressed people don't derive the same sense of pleasure out of activities or people that they did before becoming depressed.

Another leading cause of clinical depression is focused on the endocrine system. The endocrine system is responsible for making hormones and releasing them into the blood to regulate processes like reaction to stress and sexual development. Hormonal irregularities may lead to depressive symptoms like loss of appetite and sleep. It is further observed that those who have particular endocrine disorders sometimes develop depression, and some individuals who are depressed develop endocrine problems despite having healthy glands. 

In a research done among depressed individuals, over half had a hormone called cortisol in excess in their body and abnormal times of secretion. 

Depression can have many triggers and origins and it is important to see the right doctor who can treat the cause, triggers and symptoms in addition to the disease. Depression has a genetic predisposition. Also, the faulty thought pattern alters the physiology by upsetting the hormonal balance. Psychological professional help should be a priority in depression and its role should not be under emphasized.

1 person found this helpful

Ocd anxiety problem I have this problem from past years can it be cured for permanently.

BA(Hons.) Applied Psychology, MA - Applied Psychology, MPhil - Mental Health & Social Psychology, Phd clinical psychology
Psychologist, Delhi
Ocd anxiety problem I have this problem from past years can it be cured for permanently.
Good treatments are available for OCD in form of combination of medication and psychotherapy. Most cases of OCD remit with the same. It important to seek early treatment.
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My wife is pregnant. She has 8th month. She has a fever and cough from five days. She has consulted a doctor. She give multivitamin and tablet unimox cv 625 and syrup kofarest. Can she multivitamin with antibiotics and syrup kofarest.

MBBS, MD
Gynaecologist, Bangalore
My wife is pregnant. She has 8th month. She has a fever and cough from five days. She has consulted a doctor. She giv...
Yes go ahead and give her Its fine. Let her have bland diet Drink a lot of water and take ample rest. Bland diet. If no response in five days she should get blood tests done and show physician.
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Hi, I am married. i have to know about pregnancy time which time I have to sex with my partner. please brief.

MBBS Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery, MS
Gynaecologist, Jaipur
Hi, I am married. i have to know about pregnancy time which time I have to sex with my partner. please brief.
Day 11 to day 18 is pregnancy time counting first day of period as day 1 If you do not want pregnancy abstain this week.
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I am suffering from right clavicle fracture. I got it one month later due to a bike accident amd my doctor tight n me with a clavicle brace and a hand sling. Kindly suggest me the precautions after collar bone healing and how much more time it will take to heal properly.

MS - Orthopaedics
Orthopedist, Hyderabad
Dear lybrate-user Clavicle breaks often and easily when you fall and try to break your fall with an outstretched hand. It unites and heals as quickly. Even if it bends a bit it works perfectly. Rest your arm in a sling or brace for three weeks and then start moving it out of the brace. Can lift upto 5 kg weight after three weeks and increase by one kilo every week. By three months you can do anything. Do an X ray at 3 and 6 weeks and show a orthopaedic.
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