Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis is defined as one of the rarely occurring kinds of lung diseases where the the alveoli is affected by the abnormal accumulation of pulmonary surfactant. The usual symptoms here are similar to that of pulmonary infection that include low grade fever, weight loss, lack of appetite, breathlessness, dyspnea and also acute cough that lingers for more than a few weeks.
HOW IS PULMONARY ALVEOLAR PROTEINOSIS DIAGNOSED?
A Pulmonologist diagnoses Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis on the basis of a chest X-ray, CT scan, blood test and bronchoscopy to obtain a fluid sample from the lungs.
HOW IS PULMONARY ALVEOLAR PROTEINOSIS TREATED?
A surgical procedure called whole lung lavage is usually recommended as the best treatment for Pulmonary Alveolar Proteinosis. In this, the excess surfactant is washed away from the alveoli. But the doctor will have to be sure of the underlying cause of the condition to ensure that the condition does not relapse.
DID YOU KNOW?
PAP is fatal within five years of diagnosis for about 20 percent of people with the condition.