An orthosis is a brace or an artificial external device that provides support to missing limbs and assists relative movement. When speaking about fitting of orthosis treatment, an orthopaedic surgeon normally refers to foot or foot-and-ankle orthosis. Ankle foot orthosis (AFO) is one of the highly recommended form of orthotic inserts done to compensate the factors that have retarded the foot's ability to function normally. This particular orthotic insert is fitted inside the shoe, so anybody, except the wearer, will not come to know about it. There are two types of foot orthoses: pre-fabricated orthotics and custom orthotics. While the pre-fabricated orthotics are randomly manufactured in the factory and are easily available over the counter products, the custom orthotics are the ones that are created separately to cater to individual needs and requirements. These othotics are not found in any pharmacies, supermarkets or sports stores. Once fitted onto your lower limbs, the AFO starts applying external pressure to the foot and ankle through the skin and the underlying tissue. Because of this external pressure, the orthosis is accurately in the size of the foot. If there's a size mismatch then the patient may suffer from skin and tissue injuries. Once fitted, this AFO is continuously adjusted to adjust the function changes, and this is an important part of fitting of orthosis treatment. Cost of orthosis varies between $300 and $500 per pair depending on the type of custom orthotic you need. However, the supreme quality pre-fabricated ones available in the market costs around $100 per pair.
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