Chemonucleolysis treatment is a non-invasive process for a bulging disc in which an enzyme is injected into the vertebral disc. This helps to dissolve the inner part of the disc which is the nucleus pulposus. It requires chymopapain injection which is an enzyme extracted from the papaya fruit which helps in dissolving the displaced disc substance that's exerting unwanted pressure on the spinal nerve. The basic idea behind the chemonucleolysis for herniated disc is that if the treatment can alleviate back pain caused by a bulging disc, it can also help in preventing the requirement of an invasive surgery for a lumbar disc protrusion. The chemonucleolysis treatment is controversial for herniated disc cure as the oncologists are not yet able to prove the efficiency of the treatment and there is a chance that complications like subarachnoid haemorrhaging, paraplegia and other infections may develop from the papaya enzyme. The U.S. Health Department has approved the use of chemonucleolysis treatment for herniated disc cure and lumbar disc protrusion though there are several parts of the world that are yet to accept it as a potential cure for the concerned problem. There are certain situations in which the application of chemonucleolysis treatment and exercises for herniated lumbar disc is not suitable and thus, your oncologist will thoroughly check your condition to find out whether you are an ideal candidate. Normally, this treatment is not suitable for a patient who is pregnant, who have a sequestered disc and has a history of several failed surgeries in the past.