Any behavior which is different from what is expected and normal is classified as abnormal behavior. Psychologists classify abnormal behavior under four heads:Socially abnormal behavior, Statistically abnormal behavior, Maladaptive abnormal behavior and Personal distress abnormal behavior . The symptoms of the different kinds of abnormal behavior obviously vary. People suffering from socially abnormal behavior display behavior which one society might find abnormal but another might find completely normal. Those who suffer from maladaptive behavior have tendency to hurt others while people suffering from personal distress abnormal behavior might display behavior which causes them distress. Those suffering from Statistically abnormal behavior exhibit behavior which is extremely rare amongst the population.
HOW IS ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR DIAGNOSED?
Unpredicted and temperamental behaviour in individuals is what identifies abnormal behaviour.
HOW IS ABNORMAL BEHAVIOR TREATED?
Depending on the type of abnormal behavior; psychiatry treats it through counseling, therapy and medicines from the line of treatment for abnormal behavior.
DID YOU KNOW?
Since the definition of normal behavior changes from society to society and class to class; classifying abnormal behavior gets difficult.
Abnormal behaviour is a clear deviation from the accepted standards of behaviour that is termed “normal” by the society. The definition of abnormal behaviour varies from culture to culture and it is rather difficult to classify any particular trait as a component of abnormal behaviour through space, time and culture. The study of various forms of abnormal behaviour is known as abnormal psychology. Although a large number of behaviours can be classified as abnormal, abnormal psychology focuses on types of abnormal behaviour whose root causes are clinical in nature.
According to abnormal psychology, the classification of abnormal behaviour depends on several factors like suffering, maladaptiveness, statistical deviance, unpredictability and irrationality, violation of societal standards and being dangerous to self and others. However, these factors are highly subjective and vary from situation to situation. For example, a soldier at war may be a danger to others but his or her behaviour would not necessarily be classified as abnormal behaviour.
Abnormal psychology looks at abnormal behaviour from several perspectives including biological, psychoanalytic, behaviouristic, cognitive and learning. Abnormal psychology attributes each of these perspectives of abnormal behaviour to different components and experiences of the individual’s life and genetic make-up.
Given the blurring lines of gender distinction in the present day, abnormal psychology cannot attribute any specific form of abnormal behaviour to only women in specific. However, abnormal behaviour consisting of eating disorders like anorexia nervosa and bulimia have a majority of women patients as proven by clinical records. According to abnormal psychology, Anorexia refers to the avoidance of food because the individual feels they are far from their idealistic body weight even when they are largely underweight. On the other hand, in bulimia, individuals eat a lot and try different methods to purge it out.
The hormonal imbalances during the end of menstrual cycle lead to PMS or Premenstrual syndrome in most women. This results in cranky behaviour and irritability which either results in high levels in aggression or become extremely mellow or alternate between the two. This is a clear deviation from the normal standards of behaviour i.e. is abnormal behaviour according to the individual or the society.
Abnormal psychology has found Alzheimer’s to be relatively common in women and is characterized by the loss of memory, voluntary and involuntary actions and perceptions. Anxiety levels are particularly higher in women in comparison to men and hence the majority of the patients are diagnosed with GAD, PTSD, phobic disorders and other anxiety related disorders. According to abnormal psychology, GAD is a general anxiety disorder in which there is a generic apprehension for future events. PTSD is post-traumatic stress disorder which is characterized by reliving a traumatic moment which induces stress and hampers normal functioning of the individual. Abnormal behaviour consisting of phobic disorders are related to either specific phobia or social phobia. Social phobia is fear of a social situation, while specific phobia refers to the fear of a particular situation or object. These disorders are rather common among women owing to the genetic predisposition of having higher levels of neuroticism.
Given all of this, there is hardly any specific abnormal behaviour that can be attributed to either one of the genders in specific. However, the above mentioned disorders affect the women population largely in comparison. Abnormal psychology states that classification and diagnosis may be done based on the guidelines of ICD and they have a fair share of patients in both genders.
Lybrate offers you the best therapists and psychologists who can help you in problems re at Lucknow, Ludhiana, Mohali, Nagpur, Nashik. Subscribe to Lybrate to know more about the abnormal behaviour and abnormal psychology.