An intestinal parasite that causes amebic liver abscess is called Entamoeba Histolytica. The same parasite causes amebiasis, a type of dysentery as well. When the infection happens in the intestine, it may be carried to the liver through the blood causing liver infection or even liver ulcers.
Many regions of the world are prone to Amebic Liver Abscess and Amebiasis. Regions of South East Asia, Africa, Latin America and even India are some regions where the infections due to this parasite are common. The main cause of spread of this disease is due to crowded living conditions, poor sanitation and use of human waste as fertilizer.
The typical causes of Amebic liver abscess are alcoholism, cancer, old age, pregnancy, malnutrition, steroid use and immunosuppression. When people are infected they develop symptoms which may include diarrhoea, abdominal pain, cough, fever and chills, jaundice, sweating and weight loss.
Persons who suffer from any of the above symptoms should immediately seek medical advice. Doctors will carry out a variety of tests to identify the disease. The tests include abdominal ultrasound, CT scan, complete blood count, liver scan, blood test and stool testing.
Antibiotics are prescribed to the patient to remove the infection from the intestine. Drugs like paromomycin are given to ensure that recurrence of the infection does not happen. In some rare cases the surgery or catheter is used to remove abscess and infection in the liver.
Amebic liver abscess should be treated quickly, as there is chance of the abscess rupturing and the infection may spread to lungs and even the brain which is often fatal.
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